How to Water Succulent Plants

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Watered Succulent Plant Image

Succulents can survive in arid regions because of their ability to store water in their roots, stems, and leaves. For this reason, many persons tend to overlook the fact that they need to water their succulents when planted in their homes. That said, to keep your succulents blooming, it is best to water them regularly.
In this article, you will get to know how to water succulents plants indoors or outdoors correctly, as well as how you can see if you are overwatering your succulents.

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Watering Succulent Image
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Watering Succulents Indoor Image: IG@sunnyplants_com

How to Water Succulents Indoors?

Instead of just spritzing your indoor succulents, soak them to the extent that water gushes out from the drainage holes beneath the pot. Before watering your succulents again, ensure that the soil is parched. According to Bryce Lane, a horticulturist from North Carolina State University, check the soil after a week of watering to see if it is dry. If it is not, wait one or two more weeks. When watering indoor succulents, ensure that water does not get on top of the leaves to prevent rot.
Another thing to note about watering succulents planted indoors is that they need the most water during the spring when they are still growing. You can reduce the amount of water during the summer and even more during the winter. It is because, during the winter, succulents are in dormancy and do not get plenty of light, and so, their water requirement reduces.

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Watering Can used: IG@sucstu

How to Water Succulents in Outdoor Containers?

During the summer, you can place your potted succulents outdoors. Give your succulents the chance to adjust to varying temperature levels by placing them in a shaded environment before moving to a brighter area. That said, ensure that your succulents are not exposed to direct sunlight, especially during midday.
Outdoor succulents require more water and indoor succulents. What’s more, the water will dry faster because it is exposed to more sunlight and air.

The best kits for watering outdoor succulents are squeeze bottles and spout watering cans. Use any of these kits to pour water onto the soil until it is adequately soaked—from the top of the pot to the bottom. After that, wait until the soil dries out completely before watering the succulents again.

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Watering Ground Succulents: IG@nedsinanoqui

How to Water Succulents in the Ground?


Succulents such as Opuntia, Sedum, and Agave can survive harsh weather conditions, especially the fully grown ones with stronger roots. Both hardy and annual succulents need to be planted in well-drained soil. According to Lane, planting succulents in stagnant water is an exercise in futility.

He recommends changing the existing soil or mounding the soil where the succulents are planted. Creating a 2-foot mound of organic-based compost with a mixture of PermaTill will allow your succulents to flourish even if they find themselves somewhere different from their native environment.
In essence, a good soaking, good soil, and adequate drainage are needed for growing healthy succulents.

How Often Should I Water My Succulents?


Now that you know how to water indoor and outdoor succulents, the next question on your mind will be how often you should water your succulents? Well, to answer your question, first, note that there is no rigid watering schedule for you to follow.

The watering frequency depends on the succulent, the size of your pot, and the weather conditions in your area. The smaller the pot, the less moisture it can accommodate. Hence, the more frequently it needs to be watered. While some persons may need to water their succulents as rarely as once a month, others need to do that weekly.

That said, the right watering frequency that most indoor succulent growers adopt is watering 14 – 21 days at the early stage and adjusting the timeline as time goes on. Ensure that you do not overwater your succulents to avoid rot.
For you not to forget your watering schedule, as well as to avoid under-watering and overwater, you can use a tool called Succulent Tracker App (only iOS version available currently).

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Wilting Leaves needs water: Reddit@u/hbangar99

Signs Your Succulent is Thirsty


Even though succulents are recommended to be dry before watering, ensure that you do not dehydrate them in the process. Once you notice any wrinkles and wilted leaves, it is a sign that you need to water your succulents.
As your succulent’s cells try to transfer their stored moisture to other parts, they also try to accumulate more water to make up for the amount they have lost. But then, if the water is not available to replace what was lost, the cells begin to contract gradually, making the leaves that used to flourish shrivel.

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Image of an Over-watered Plant: Reddit@u/darthlaurian

Signs Your Succulent Has Been Overwatered

The danger of overwatering succulents is that it damages the cell structure, roots, and leaves.
The first and most common sign of overwatering to take note of is discolouration. Once you notice the leaves are becoming soft, translucent, and squishy, know that you have been overwatering the succulents. Unlike under-watered succulents leaves that contract overwatered succulents leaves will be dropped.

While succulents can recover from overwatering, it is not all that easy. A great way to save overwatered succulents is to plant a new one with the cuttings to root and leaves.

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Healthy Succulent: IG@thecurlyplantlady

Do you want a definite guide on the accurate way to water succulents (like a very easy, step-by-step guide, you just need to follow)? Here comes our new eBook The Correct Way to Water Succulents that will offload your concern. Check it out!

Signs of a Healthy Succulent

First off, plants will always tell you when they need something. But sadly, not everyone knows how to read the signs. While squishy leaves’ discoloration tells you that you are overwatering your succulents, shriveled leaves show that you are under-watering your succulents.

Hens and Chicks plants tend to shut down older, lower leaves as they grow. While this is a natural phenomenon that is part of the growth process, the leaves do not wither. They just become skinny, papery, and brownish. Prone these leaves to keep your succulents looking fresh. All in all, when watering your succulents, you have to consider the soil and the environment. Follow the watering guidelines we mentioned in this article. Your succulents will keep blooming even under the most adverse conditions.

6 Edible Succulents to Excite Your Taste Buds

6 Edible Succulents

Have you ever eaten a cactus?

Maybe you have and you just don’t know it. A pineapple, for example, is considered a succulent. How’s that for food for thought?

Comment below if you knew that fact already!

Not only are edible succulents interesting to look at but they come with an amazing array of health benefits for your body.

This is not the point where you go out and start chewing on the first succulent you see though. Like most living organisms, they have an inherent defense mechanism. If it’s not sharp thorns on the outside to keep off predators like cacti, they could produce poisonous alkaloids that can completely mess up your insides.

We don’t want that either…

We have made it easier to sort out the good from the ugly with a list of 6 edible succulents that you can find at your local farmers’ market, or even order online!

6 edible succulents
succulent cupcakes! @mynameishandmade

Opuntia Ficus-Indica—Prickly Pear

If you are a true connoisseur of authentic Mexican cuisine, at one point you should have had the Prickly Pear in a breakfast burrito or Sopa de Nopal (Nopale Soup). Nopales happen to be the Spanish vegetable name for the flat, oval leaves or pads of the Prickly Pear cactus. This Native American succulent also produces an edible fruit called Tunas that can be found in local Mexican markets.

Having been a staple food for hundreds of years, Nopales are star attractions when they are included raw in salads or salsa’s, cooked with black pepper in casseroles, or grilled with garlic butter for tacos. It has a mild, neutral flavor and the taste is similar to that of green beans or asparagus. Like Okra, they also produce a sticky substance when cooked, which should be rinsed off before eating.

Tunas, the edible fruit, grows on the tips of the leaves and it is ripe when the fruit is deep red in color and soft to touch. Tunas can be peeled, sliced and juiced or mixed in a fruit salad.

The Prickly Pear has been a delicacy for ages, not only for its versatility but also for its health benefits. The leaves are packed with fiber while the fruit is high in calcium and low in calories.

Why is the prickly pear Cactus One of the Most Popular Cacti?

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08/03/2021 05:51 am GMT
6 edible succulents
fresh prickly pears @donnamtrewin

Portulaca Oleracea—Purslane

Can’t find spinach in the market? Why not go for a succulent substitute such as Purslane?

Portulaca Oleracea, or Purslane, is a fast-growing, weed-like succulent that has been found to inhabit Northern Africa, Middle East, Southern Europe, India, and Australasia. It, therefore, has a lot of different names depending on which country you are in.

What makes this succulent exotic is that the whole plant, (that is the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds), are all edible and have been used in recipes since the Middle Ages!

Purslane has smooth, red stems that sprout out small, oval shaped green leaves and bright yellow flowers. Young stems and leaves make a healthy addition to salads when eaten raw, but should be picked before flowers start to bloom. The leaves are crunchy and have a tangy, lemon-pepper flavor, creating an appetizing Greek Salad when combined with spring onion, garlic, feta cheese, tomato, oregano, and olive oil.

A great alternative to kale or spinach, the stems and leaves can be steamed or sautéed, topped with cream, and served accompanying a fish or duck dish. The seeds have been known to feature in a variety of seed cakes.

Purslane has been considered in the culinary and medical world to be a nutritional powerhouse that helps in weight management, organ detoxification, and boosts the overall health of your immune system. A vegan’s dream, Purslane is known to have more Omega-3 Fatty Acids than most green vegetables and some fish. It is also a great source of Vitamins A and C, promoting the growth and rejuvenation of healthy skin and nails.

A word of caution though, just like too much of something is poisonous, eating Purslane frequently can be harmful because of the Oxalic acid found in the plant. Although steaming and cooking the succulent reduces the acidity by half, it’s advisable not to eat it too often.

For any recipe, do not forget to garnish your plate with the bright yellow edible flower.

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08/03/2021 04:42 am GMT

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6 edible succulents
delicious purslane salad @noblesse11

Hylocereus—Dragon Fruit

Indigenous to the Americas, the Hylocereus is an exceptional delicacy growing from a cactus that is now cultivated throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions including Southeast Asia, Australia and the Caribbean.

The cactus is colloquially known as Queen of the Night because the flowers only bloom at night and give off a fruity fragrance. Growing on vine-like stems, this succulent produces bright pink fruits with a leathery cover and scaly spikes, resembling a dragon’s head.  It acquired the official name Dragon Fruit in 1993 and also goes by Pitaya and Strawberry Pear.

The Dragon fruit has a white edible pulp with tiny black seeds and has a mild flavor that can be compared to a bland, slightly sweet, kiwi or melon. The pulp can be scooped up and eaten raw, blended to enhance juices and cocktails like the ‘Dragotini’. 

The Dragon Fruit is rich in antioxidants that help prevent inflammatory conditions like gout and other forms of arthritis. It also boosts low iron levels, is low in calories, and aids in weight management.

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08/02/2021 07:58 pm GMT
6 edible succulents
sliced dragonfruit @theformerfatgrl

Sedum—Stonecrop

Creeping up next on the list of succulents on a plate is Sedum, also known as Stonecrop. This ever-forgiving succulent has water storing, edible leaves and grows rampantly on walls, as ground cover and in-between rocks.

Sedum has its origins in the Northern Hemisphere but has also appeared in Africa and South America. There are about 600 species, most of which are safe to eat.

The leaves of the Stonecrop have a mild, slightly bitter, peppery taste and crispy texture, making them popular in soups, tossed in a salad or with your favorite stir-fry.  The leaves can be eaten raw, steamed, or fried. Cooking the leaves helps reduce the tartness in the taste.

Just like too much of something is poisonous, Sedum should be consumed in moderation as heavy consumption has been reported to cause stomach upsets.

The health benefits of munching a Sedum salad include lowering blood pressure and cholesterol. It has been identified to reduce coughing and it is recommended as a laxative.

Check out “All You Need to Know About Stonecrop Succulents.”

6 edible succulents
freshly watered stonecrop @cactulentguy

Carnegiea Gigantean—Saguaro Cactus

Standing tall like a security guard against the harsh Sonoran Desert is the Saguaro cactus. Famous for its appearance in Mexican and Western cowboy movies, this tree-like succulent produces white blossoms only at night. These blossoms are the official state wildflower of Arizona, and tend to release a scent like over-ripe melons.

Having the ability to grow to over 40 feet (12.2 meters) tall, the Saguaro cactus lives past 150 years old and develops branches that look like arms waving from the main stalk. Once a year at around June, the Saguaro cactus produces a ruby-colored edible fruit on the crown of the arms and stem. The fruits are packed full of pulp and seeds and require a special stick, (Saguaro arm) to knock them off the succulent. 

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Saguaro fruits have a faint taste of sweet strawberries and can be eaten fresh or baked into cakes. The fruit pulp is commonly used to create juices, jams, syrups and fermented wine. There are about 2000 seeds inside each fruit that have a nutty taste and are crushed to create baking flour or a peanut butter-like paste used in cooking.

The Saguaro fruit is high in vitamin B12 which helps in the growth of probiotic bacteria. It is also rich in fiber which helps with digestion.

6 edible succlents
blooming saguaro cactus @tilmanchris

Salicornia Europaea—Sea Beans

Have you seen ‘Sea Beans’ or ‘Sea Asparagus’ on a fancy menu? My friend, that is not a vegetable but a succulent! Salicornia europaea is a salt tolerant succulent that grows wildly among mangroves, in salt marshes and on certain beaches.

Notoriously legendary on current culinary trends, this succulent has been plated up under the names Sea Beans, Sea Asparagus, Samphire Greens, Beach Asparagus, Glasswort, Pickle Weed and Sea Pickle. This edible plant has small, chubby, finger-like stems that look like green asparagus and is best harvested between June and August.

Crunchy, yet extremely salty! Sea Beans taste their best when they are boiled in water for about 90 seconds and immediately shocked in a bowl of ice water to reduce the salt and retain their color and crispness. It is a great accompaniment to fish dishes and has also found their way in potato salads and Chinese stir-fry’s.

Sea Beans are a great protein supplement and contain almost the same amount of protein as spinach! Being rich in iron and vitamin C, this succulent helps increase your iron uptake while the high iodine levels help guard against thyroid disorders.

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6 edible succulents
fresh sea beans @_mindfulmunch

The next time you are having a dinner party, why not introduce your guests to some succulents on a plate?

Test out different taste buds with a Purslane salad or Prickly Pear soup as an appetizer. Go into the main course with sautéed Stonecrop or Sea Beans and finish off with a Saguaro and Dragon fruit salad.

Not only do these exotic plants have health benefits, but you will be the culinary genius serving up succulent succulents!

Have any recipes you’ve tried with these delicious edible succulents? Share your story in our exclusive Facebook group, Succulent City Plant Lounge, today!

Enjoyed learning about Edible Succulents to Excite Your Taste Buds? If so, you’ll really enjoy the ebook about All the Types of Succulents for Indoor & Outdoor. With this ebook you’ll find yourself more detailed answers that’ll help your succulent grow even better! With thousands of succulent lovers enjoying our ebooks, you don’t want to miss out on what works the best to grow your succulents.

Happy planting… and eating!?

7 Poisonous Succulents Harmful to Cats and Dogs

7 Succulents That Are Poisonous to Cats and Dogs

With so many different types of succulents, choosing the right one for your home can be overwhelming. There are a lot of questions to consider: how much natural light does your home have? Do you have time to follow a strict watering schedule? And perhaps most importantly, are succulents poisonous to cats and dogs?

While succulents are beautiful on the outside, beneath the surface of some succulents lie certain toxins that could make your pets sick.

According to veterinarian and author Dr. David Gross, most animals are instinctually smart enough to avoid poisonous succulents. However, if your dogs and cats have a proven history of getting into things they shouldn’t — which, let’s face it, is what dogs and cats are best at — you’ll probably want to consider keeping these toxic succulents out of your home and away from your pets.

If you’re not sure whether or not a succulent is poisonous to cats and dogs, you can check the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) to find out for sure. We’ve also rounded up some of the most popular succulents that don’t do well with pets.

1. Sago Palm (Cycas revoluta)

Sago Palm is Poisonous to Cats and Dogs
Sago Palm succulent plant. @theplantagenda

Though the sago palm might look like a palm tree, it’s actually considered a succulent. The sago palm is popular especially among beginner succulent lovers thanks to its general hardiness. But if you also have cats and dogs in your house, you may want to think twice about bringing one into your home.

According to the VCA Hospitals website, the sago palm is toxic all around, but especially its seeds which also happen to be easy to get to and eat. Sago palms have cycasin in them, which attacks the liver. The ASPCA reports that symptoms of cycasin poisoning include vomiting, increased thirst, and liver failure among others, and in worst cases even death. Symptoms generally appear within 15 minutes of ingestion, but may sometimes take up to a few hours to surface.

2. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is it poisonous to cats or dogs?
Inside the aloe vera succulent plant. @travel.laloo

While aloe vera might be known for its healing properties, the popular succulent can be dangerous to cats and dogs. Though the actual aloe gel isn’t toxic (it’s actually edible), according to veterinarian Dr. Joe Musielak, pet lovers have to be wary of the sap inside aloe leaves.

“The latex of aloe is considered a purgative (a substance that empties the intestinal tract usually by inducing diarrhea),” Dr. Musielak said in an interview with Pilchuck Veterinary Hospital. “If an animal eats quite a bit of the plant (and it is very bad tasting), you could see mild stomach upset. Severe diarrhea can be life-threatening because it can eventually cause dehydration.”

3. Pencil Cactus (Euphorbia tirucalli)

Pencil Cactus is it poisonous to cats or dogs?
Lady carrying Pencil Cactus. @thegoodrichwife

Thanks to the thorns that often accompany cacti, most animals learn pretty early on not to go near them. However, despite its name, the pencil cactus isn’t really a cactus and isn’t toxic because of thorns — in fact, it doesn’t even have any. Instead, cat and dog lovers should be wary of the sap that pencil cacti produce, which is a source of latex.

The ASPCA explains that a pencil cactus’ sap can cause vomiting. It’s also “been implicated as a potential carcinogen and, if it gets in the eyes, is said to cause temporary blindness,” according to the Associated Press.

4. Jade Plant (Crassula argentina)

Jada Plant is it poisonous to cats or dogs?
Tiny Jade Plant in mini planter. @morandocomplantas

While jade poisoning in animals has been shown to include symptoms like vomiting, depression, and lack of coordination, the ASPCA doesn’t know exactly why. While the source of toxicity is unknown as of now, according to Wag Walking, dogs specifically can’t digest plant material, so they tend to exhibit only mild to moderate symptoms.

Learn more about one of this succulent sister, The Crassula Ovata

5. Panda Plant (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

Panda Plant is it poisonous to cats or dogs?
The pretty panda plant. @smartplantapp

Despite sharing fuzzy features with your pet and bearing the name of an animal, panda plants are not pet-friendly. According to the ASPCA, these succulents produce insoluble calcium oxalate crystals that can get stuck in your pet’s mouth and cause oral irritation, excessive drooling, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing.

Veterinarian Tina Wismer notes that the ingestion of these crystals typically isn’t fatal and can easily be treated with milk or water. “Prognosis is good and clinical signs usually resolve within 24 hours with no lasting effects,” she wrote for DVM360.

6. Snake Plant (Sansevieria tariffsciata)

Snake Plant is it poisonous to cats or dogs?
Baby Snake Plant. @heartmeadows

Snake plants are another beginner-friendly succulent. But thanks to the saponins they produce, they’re poisonous to both cats and dogs. According to the ASPCA, animals that eat plants that produce saponins might experience nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Further, Dr. Gross explained to My Edmonds News that “some animals may rub against these plants and will develop, with repeated skin exposure, an allergic dermatitis.”

7. Kalanchoe

Vibrant Kalanchoe Plant. @rocketfarms_wholesale

Panda plants aren’t the only members of the Kalanchoe family that are toxic to cats and dogs. The Kalanchoe plant flowers produce Bufadienolides (extra points if you know how to pronounce that!). According to the ASPCA, this toxin can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and even an abnormal heart rate.

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If you already have any of these succulents in your home, it’s important to make sure they’re out of reach from your pets. And while it may be hard to pinpoint exactly what makes your pet sick, if you suspect your animal has ingested any of these poisonous succulents it’s important to call your vet or reach out to the Animal Poison Control Center for help.

If you liked this read you’re going to love our full in-depth ebooks! With so many of our succulent lovers asking for more, we listened and can’t wait to share it with you here! With our very detailed ebooks, you’ll get more information than these short articles, some ebooks are 30+ pages, perfect for a weekend read.

How to Propagate Succulents Successfully

How to Propagate Succulents

It’s a lot more cost-effective to grow your own succulents. Fortunately, succulents naturally come equipped with an amazing ability regrow from leaves or branches… and that means free plants!

There are three primary methods of succulent propagation, each of them easier than the last!

Leaf Propagation

If you’ve ever seen leaf propagation in action, you probably understand at least part of the fascination surrounding succulents. People love taking pictures of their leaf props – and for good reason! Nothing is more satisfying for a plant parent than seeing a whole new succulent grow from a mere leaf.

It may seem that you need a green thumb to pull off this amazing feat, but nothing could be further from the truth. Propagating succulents from leaves is very easy. All you have to do is pull the leaf off.

… And you’re done! No, seriously, that’s all there is to it. If you remove the leaf, nature will take care of the rest. For the sake of thoroughness, however, I’ll add some details.

  1. It’s vital that you get a clean break when separating the leaf from the succulent. That means there should be no extra plant matter left on the leaf or stem. This isn’t difficult to achieve since succulent leaves don’t really need to be persuaded to fall off (looking at you, Ghost Plant).
  2. To ensure you get that clean break, grab the leaf close to the base and wiggle it gently from side to side. There shouldn’t be much “pulling” involved.
  3. Now that they’re separated, both the mother plant and the leaf have an open wound. You have to let it “callus” over (that’s the plant version of scabbing). Just set the leaf in a dry place and wait a week, a dish on the windowsill works great. (we highly recommend these propagation trays by Yield Lab). Don’t expose it to water during this period – that will slow or impair the callus formation and could allow bacteria or fungi to infect the succulent.
  4. Once the mother plant is callused, resume watering and treat it like normal. The leaf doesn’t need any special attention at the moment. Don’t water the leaf propagation until roots appear. It’s pointless since they can’t drink water without roots anyway. You may want to refer to our article about when you should water succulents if you need more information.
  5. You can put the leaf on dirt at any point, but don’t try burying it (or its roots). The succulent will take care of it.
  6. Once the roots show up, endeavour to keep them moist. Use a spray bottle to mist the leaf every couple of days. (Enter the quintessential, super affordable succulent tool kit). Keep the propagation in bright light so that the new growth doesn’t become etiolated (stretched out).

That’s pretty much it! It really is as simple as pulling the leaves and chucking them on some dirt. All of the nutrients, and most of the water, that they need is inside the leaf itself. After a few months, that leaf will shrivel up and fall off. Now you’ve got a whole new succulent for the cost of one leaf!

Be aware that this only works on succulents that have distinct stems and distinct leaves. Succulents like Echeveria, Sedum, Senecio, and Graptopetalum all make great candidates. If you try this with an Aloe or a Haworthia, for example, you’ll end up with a dead leaf and disappointment. Only do it if the leaf comes off easily!

Image by:@misucculents

 

Cutting Propagation

Anyone with a modicum of gardening experience will have used this technique before. It’s a trick as old as plants themselves. You cut off a part of a succulent and stick it back into the dirt and it just starts growing again.

Crazy, right?

Succulents have an even easier time of this than other plants. With herbs and veggies, you sometimes have to coax out new roots by putting the cutting in water for a while first, but that is not so with succulents.

Here’s how you propagate succulents via cuttings:

  1. Choose where to make the cut. It needs to be near the end of the branch or stem, usually 3 to 6 inches away is appropriate. You’ll also want to make sure that the plant is growing and healthy here – propagating a weak or dying plant is a recipe for failure.
  2. Clear the stem above the intended cut. Remove leaves one to two inches above the place you want to cut for two reasons: you’re going to put that part underground and also it makes it easier to get a good cut. Bonus tip – depending on the plant, you might be able to propagate succulents leaves!
  3. Make a clean cut perpendicular to the stem (the stem should be flat on top, not diagonal at all). Be sure to use really sharp, really sterile scissors. That part is important because dull scissors will crush the plant while cutting it, which makes it less likely to recover. Dirty scissors transfer germs directly into the wound – that’s no good. I highly recommend using gardening scissors or shears for this process. These gardening pruning shears by Vivoson are really really good!
  4. Allow the mother plant and the cutting to callus just as we did for leaves in the above technique. It should take between 3-10 days. Don’t let them get wet but keep them in direct light.
  5. Stick the bottom of the cutting into the dirt up to the place where the leaves start. Depending on the species of succulent, roots should start growing within a month and you can begin to water. There will be enough water in the plant already to sustain it until then.

We also recommend making sure you are using quality succulent soil. We highly recommend this soil mix by Bonsai Jack. It is one of the best soil mixes on the market. It doesn’t need to be mixed with any other soil, it helps fight root rot, perfectly pH Balanced & is pathogen-free (ie: won’t kill your plants). This soil is the go-to for our office plants. 

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Last update on 2021-08-02 / Amazon

In summary, snip off a bit of the succulent and stick it in the ground. It couldn’t be easier. This method only works with plants that have a pronounced stem, however. Sorry Aloe and Haworthia, that means you’re not eligible. Many of the plants we suggested for leaf propagation are also great choices here: Echeveria, Sedum, Graptosedum, Graptopetalum, etc.

This method is particularly useful because it addresses two problems:

  • It “fixes” etiolated plants. When plants have insufficient light and grow leggy, that can’t be undone. You can, however, snip out the leggy part and plant the top part again to have two plants – the base of the original (which will resume growth) and a cutting. Just make sure they get enough light this time!
  • It’s the fastest way to get new plants. Growing new succulents from leaves is easy and efficient, but slow. It could take up to a year to get a decent sized plant. Cuttings root and grow more quickly than leaf propagations (plus they start out bigger).
Image by: @growingwithsucculents

Budding Propagation

It’s finally time for Aloe to shine!

Ever notice how some plants just grow more of themselves? Sempervivum are famous for it – that’s why they’re commonly called Hens and Chicks. Haworthia do it too, as do Sansevieria. It’s a very common kind of propagation and not at all unique to succulents. It’s how grass gets around, too.

The baby plants are called “buds” or “pups” or “offshoots”. They usually grow out of the base of the mother plant and share a connected root system.

Propagating plants that reproduce through budding is a double-edged sword – on one hand, you literally don’t have to do anything at all, but on the other hand you have to wait for the plant to propagate on its own.

Being at the whim of your plants isn’t so bad, though. Keep them happy and healthy and buds should grow constantly throughout their growing season. Removing and replanting them is very similar to the process of take a cutting:

  1. First, you have to wait until they’re big enough to remove. It varies from species to species, but once they’re at least an inch or two in diameter (or several inches tall for the vertical variety of succulents).
  2. Find where the pup connects to the parent. It is probably either at the base of the primary stem or connected through a thick root called a “runner”. It’s okay to unpot the plant while you’re propagating it.
  3. Using the same technique we used for cutting propagations, make a clean cut where the bud meets the mother plant. If they share roots, give a generous portion to the baby when separating them. The mother plant can make more easily.
  4. Move the bud directly into a new pot, no need to wait for callusing this time. Still, you shouldn’t water it for a few days while it heals over.

Budding is also the way to propagate succulents like cacti, so you can use this method on them too!

 We hope you got some pointers on how to keep your plant family healthy! If you did, please take a moment to SHARE on Facebook or PIN US on Pinterest with the social buttons below!

Enjoyed learning about Propagating Succulents? If so, you’ll really enjoy our ebook titled The Right Way to Propagating Succulents Successfully! With this ebook, you’ll find yourself more detailed answers that’ll you have greater success with propagating! With thousands of succulent lovers enjoying our ebooks, you don’t want to miss out on what works the best to grow your succulents.

Do you have any propagation tips or tricks? Share them with us in the comments below!

Thanks for reading!

If you enjoyed reading our blog about succulent propagation check out our other articles! Enhance your succulent knowledge with 6 Best Indoor Succulents, 6 Edible Succulents to Excite Your Taste Buds, or Household Items You Can use as Succulent Planters.

Are you looking for more propagation guides? You may want to take a look at our new ebook: The Right Way to Propagating Succulents Successfully!

How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves and Cuttings

Introduction

Ever wonder just how to propagate succulents from leaves and cuttings? Well, here at Succulent City, we have the answer to this and more Succulent FAQs!

Propagation gives you the freedom to produce more of those beautiful succulents you love so much. A useful life-hack to expand your succulent garden at no extra cost. Increase the number of pots and jars holding your lovely succulent beauties at home. Fill up your shelves with rows upon rows of different kinds of succulents.
But what if you run out of shelf space? Well, fill up your window-sills next. When every nook and cranny is crammed full with succulents, you can share your beautiful succulents with your loved ones. A pretty succulent arrangement makes a brilliant birthday gift.

Sharing is caring, after all. Speaking of sharing, join the Succulent City Plant Lounge and share your succulent arrangements, experiences, and remedies with other succulent lovers from across the globe.

How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves and Cuttings

Propagating Succulents From Leaves

A Step-By-Step Guide

Propagation enhances not only the beauty of your succulent arrangements but also their overall well-being, giving them a healthy “tended-to” look. Our resident botanical expert made an easy-to-understand list of the necessary steps to follow when propagating your succulents.

1. Identify the leaves best suited for propagation

For the best results, use healthy-looking leaves. Any leaves that look wilted, discolored, rotten, or mushy should be cut off and discarded. Leaves that look bright, plump, and firm will give us the best outcome.

2. Cut off the succulent leaves.

It will help if you use a sharp pair of scissors or a clean, sterile knife to cut the leaf off the stem. You can also do this by hand. If you choose to use your hands, be careful to avoid leaf breakage. It’s advisable to cut no more than three leaves at any given time.

Try to avoid wrinkled or distorted succulent leaves. Any leaves that appear to host pests or disease are a definite no-no.

3. Root sprouting

Put some well-draining soil onto a flat surface, something like a kitchen tray. Let your cuttings lie flat on the soil surface, either on the kitchen tray or in your garden. It will give the cutting some time to heal while recovering from the shock of sudden detachment. Leave the leaf on the soil surface without burying it for anywhere up to 5 days.

4. Planting the Succulent Plant

After a few days, you should see your leaves sprouting roots. Some leaves will shrivel up and dry. That is normal. Discard any dry, shrivelled leaves and focus on the leaves that have started producing root systems.
The roots can take a few days or weeks to sprout, depending on the succulent species and the present conditions. Once the sprouted roots grow a few inches long, you can transfer the leaves to your garden or indoor pots and containers.

We advise a mixture of sand and potting soil for planting your cuttings. To be on the safe side, ensure humidity, airflow, and moisture in the soil is well balanced.

Some succulent enthusiasts find water propagation easier since one places the succulent leaf-cutting in a container filled with water. You don’t have to worry about soil mixture, humidity, or drainage.

How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves and Cuttings

External Conditions For Successful Propagation.

  • Minimal leaf movement

Keep the leaf steady to prevent any root damage that may hinder the growth of your baby succulent.

  • Weather status

It is advisable to propagate your succulents during warmer, more humid seasons. These conditions can either be artificial or natural, indoors or outdoors.

  • Lighting

Adequate lighting – preferably sunlight – shortens the amount of time it takes for your succulent to produce pups.

  • Moisture retention

Cover the container at night to help preserve the plant’s moisture during extreme weather.

Transplanting Your New Succulents

Now that the roots have developed, you need to support the propagated succulents to form their own tiny leaves. It’s now time to transplant each new succulent baby to its container to grow independently. Ensure your new planter, be it a vase, pot, or even a wooden box, has drainage holes at the base. The holes will help prevent water-logging that may lead to root-rot. Nasty business that root-rot.

Read more about root-rot and the danger of water-logging in this informative article by Succulent City.

Choose a container wide enough to allow future root expansion. Fill it with pre-mixed cactus soil. Succulents do not require daily watering. Their natural habitat is an arid or semi-arid area. Therefore they are used to minimal rainfall by design. Just occasional watering once a week is required. Place your succulents in a place with adequate sunlight. Outdoor plants shouldn’t concern you much when it comes to sunlight, but indoor succulents will need a decent amount of light. Preferably on the window-sill.

Propagation Of Succulent Cuttings

While very similar to propagation by leaves, the use of cuttings to propagate plants has a few distinct differences. While leaves cut from the mother plant require some time for the roots to develop before you can plant them, succulent cuttings do not need to go through the rooting process. A simple process, take your firm, healthy stem cutting and plant it directly into your preferred planter.

Read on the best planters for growing your succulents here: Choosing the Right Pot for Succulents

With enough water and sufficient sunlight, your cuttings can sprout and develop their roots in the soil.
Planting succulents using cuttings makes succulent plants mature, grow, and spread much faster than when employing leaf propagation. When watered as required, your cuttings should start producing new roots and brand-new, healthy green leaves in a matter of weeks.

Conclusion

Either way, the decision to use leaf or cuttings in propagation is up to you. Until you follow the steps given above, whichever method you choose will end up giving you a bunch of healthy and beautiful new baby succulents. Add them to your succulent collection or give them out as gifts. You can even sell them and
Share pictures of your newly propagated succulents with enthusiasts worldwide on the Succulent City Instagram page.

Want to learn more about the propagation method for succulents in a step-by-step way? You need to check out our new ebook!

How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves and Cuttings
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