7 Beginner Tips For Growing Succulents & Everything You Need To Know

7 Beginner tips for growing succulents

You may have spotted a stunning succulent along the seedling isle at your local farmers market, shouting ‘Pick me.’ Or perhaps you have been gifted with a tiny but charming succulent at your office party or best friend’s wedding. Either way, these odd but beautifully shaped plants with chunky leaves and adorable colors are too attractive to walk away from.

The succulent trend has taken over by storm, with these plants featuring prominently in rock gardens, office reception areas, table centerpieces, and even outshining an intended spouse in a bridal bouquet. These plants are not particularly fussy and are the perfect beginner tutorial when testing out your green thumb. By keeping up with their relatively small list of desires, succulents can blossom to be focal points in any surrounding.

 

7 Beginner tips for growing succulents
A succulent pot held by hand @curso_de_cactos_online

1. Choose Wisely

Becoming a succulent parent should not be a daunting task. Yes, there are hundreds of species to choose from and a myriad of shapes and hues to fit your every desire, but you might want to consider some points to help you narrow down your selection. 

Think through the location where you want to grow your succulent. Some succulents do better outdoors than indoors. Some prefer bright direct light while some shy away from the sun, favoring indirect light.

Do you have the space for a gigantic succulent, or would you desire a tiny one to fit in any nook or cranny? Would you rather plant it straight in the ground or a fancy pot that you can move around? Once you focus on this, you are in a better position to go pick up your adopted succulent.

When buying your succulents, take a closer look at the plants. A succulent should be well-formed, have great coloring and healthy foliage. Try and avoid any with signs of damage or insects.

 

2. Soil Matters

Succulents like to be dry from tip to root, meaning they prosper when they grow in free-draining, aerated soil. A cactus or succulent potting mix works well, but if this is unavailable, you can create your own by mixing potting soil with coarse sand and crushed gravel to create drainage.

As fancy as it looks to place succulents in glass containers, they are not very conducive to the health of the plants because they do not drain well and lack breathability. For a healthy succulent, ensure that the containers have drainage holes for surplus water to pass through and that there is a good airflow for healthy root development.

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3. Water Only When Necessary

Succulents plants are xerophytes, meaning that they adapt naturally to minimal rainfall by storing water in the leaves and stems. Your best bet would be to wait till the top soil is completely dry (roughly about every two weeks), pour water on the plant till it completely drains through and shake off any excess water before returning your plant to its favorite position. We can’t exaggerate this enough, it is very easy to overwater succulents and they won’t always bounce back!

 

4. Succulents Like Sunny, Dry, Spots

With most succulents being natives of dry and hot climatic areas, it’s no wonder that they are great sun worshipers. 4 – 6 hours of direct light from the sun at a kitchen windowsill or on the patio is suitable for your plant. If your succulent grows outdoors, and you are in an area with high temperatures, try to create a shade or screen for your plant during the hotter hours of the day.

Most succulents are not hardy to frost, and it is advisable to move them somewhere warmer during the cold seasons. Shelter them from strong winds, and prolonged exposure to rain as this attracts mildew. 

 

5. Feeding and Pruning

You can treat your succulents to a fertilizer feed 3 or 4 times a year. Removing any dead or decaying leaves will also help your plant grow. Something to note; If the leaves start to shrivel from the top of the plant, something is not right. If they wither from the bottom of the stem closest to the soil, that is normal.

Have any of your leaves been falling out and you still don’t know why? Take a look at “Why Are My Succulent Leaves Falling Off?” for tips on saving your succulent from falling leaves.

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6. Maintain a Diary

Keep track of your plant’s appearance and growth habit to understand what they are trying to communicate to you. When leaves start to turn yellow, your plant may be exposed to too much moisture. Soggy leaves mean your plant is drowning, and curling top leaves mean they are not getting enough water. When the plant starts to stretch and look lanky, it may not be getting enough sunlight. A regular watering schedule will help you map out when your plant needs a drink or when it’s had enough.

7 Beginner tips for growing succulents
potted Succulent plants arrangement @sagan_shop

Bonus Tip: Watch out for Pests and Diseases

Succulents rarely get attacked by bugs and ailments, but always keep an eye out. Cotton swabs dipped in rubbing alcohol deter crawling pests.

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Tips for Growing Succulents Anywhere

Succulents come in different lovely shapes and colors, so you might be tempted to grow them anywhere to complement the ambiance of your environment. But merely planting succulents in any location without taking the right soil, water, light, and pottery into consideration will be an exercise in futility. The succulents may suffer from frostbite, stunted growth, discoloration, and lots more.

In this post, we will furnish you with some useful tips for growing succulents anywhere. Let us dive right in

Tips for Growing Succulents Anywhere-SC-Indoor & outdoor growing
Growing Succulents

Select the Right Plants

Tips for Growing Succulents Anywhere-Select the Right Plants-SC
Growing Crassulas Indoors: IG@plantsoffice

While some succulents thrive indoors, others grow better outdoors. For instance, tender succulents like Crassulas will find it very difficult to survive in USDA Zone 5. But if you move this same plant indoors, you will marvel at its success in a properly lit room.

If you plan on growing succulents indoors, it is essential to know the amount of sunlight they need. Although most succulents fall into the category of “full sun,” it is a bad idea to keep them under direct sunlight throughout the day. But even if the succulents can adjust to full sun, they will need some time to do that.
During the winter, it is best to go for frost-tolerant succulents like stonecrop Sedums and Sempervivums.

Tips for Growing Succulents Anywhere-Outdoor & Indoor Succulents-SC
Haworthia magnifica Indoor: IG@livingdesertplants

Outdoor & Indoor Succulents

These outdoor succulents can survive severe frostbite and maintain their fresh appearance.
If you live in USDA Zone 8 and above, you can settle for just about any succulents for the outdoors.
You can go for Gasterias and Haworthias if you want indoor succulents that do not require natural light. However, do not opt for Echeverias if you do not have an adequate supply of sunlight. They will stretch out as they search for more light.
If you need succulent that requires a minimal amount of light and water, do not consider going for Sansevierias.

Tips for Growing Succulents Anywhere-Outdoor & Indoor Succulents-SC
Sedum Nussbaumerianum Outdoor: IG@solnechnyi_dvorik


Generally, colorful succulents such as Sedum nussbaumerianum require lots of light to keep their color from fading. Also, green succulents are ideal for indoors.
If you do not have a watering schedule, the chances are high that you will overwater or under-water your succulents. It will be best to go for succulents that are not too sensitive to overwatering. For under-watering, you can go for succulents such as Portulacaria Afra, Aeonium zwartkop, and Crassula arborescens undulatifolia.
On the flip side, you can go for Pachyveria glauca, Aloe brevifolia, and Graptoveria ‘Fred Ives’ if you tend to overwater.

Tips for Growing Succulents Anywhere-Choose the right pot-SC
Pot with a drainage hole: IG@ourbloomstory

Choose the Right Pot

The pot you place your succulents plays a significant role in their chances of survival. You can opt for terra cotta because of its good porosity. The pot allows air to flow to the succulents’ roots, making the soil dry out rapidly.
However, we do not recommend terra cotta if you live in a dry, hot environment. A ceramic pot would be a better choice for such a climate.
That said, ensure your pot has a drainage hole at the bottom to allow water to drain quickly and facilitate air circulation to your succulents. Block the drainage hole using pebbles or a piece of paper before you plant.
If you have some years of experience growing succulents, you can grow them in a glass bowl, which does not have drainage.
Regardless of the pot you choose, ensure that there is enough space for the succulents’ roots. If the seeds can no longer contain the pot, you should consider repotting the succulents.

Tips for Growing Succulents Anywhere-Tweak the Soil Materials-SC
Pumice for soil formation: IG@natural.gas

Tweak the Soil Materials

Successfully growing succulents in a humid or dry environment largely depends on the soil formation.
In a humid environment, soil can help to prevent rot. On the other hand, the right soil can help to prevent dehydration in a dry climate.
You can either prepare your soil or get one online.
If you tend to overwater your succulents or live in a humid area, you need only pumice to make your soil. The great thing about pumice is that it retains water and dries out pretty rapidly.
Coconut coir is an excellent soil option to consider if you live in a hot area or need soil that does not dry out too quickly. Its water retention capacity is high, so the soil does not get soggy, unlike the traditional peat-based soil.

Tips for Growing Succulents Anywhere-Feed the Succulents for Growing-SC
Phosphorus fertilizer for Succulent: IG@nabsjungle

Feed the Succulents for Growing

Watering succulents is not enough for them to bloom. It would be best if you still fed your succulents. During the summer, the best fertilizer to feed your succulents is the one with a high phosphorus concentration. If you cannot get phosphorus fertilizer, you can settle for compost tea.

The general spring feeding most people usually do is not sufficient because they lack accurate information. Some persons even go as far as applying fertilizers every month, and that encourages etiolation

It is best to fertilize your succulents just before and during every growing season. It should be from early spring to late summer. If your succulents grow in the winter, feed them during that period.
Succulent fertilizers are available insoluble powder and granular form.

Experiment with Growing Succulents

As a succulent grower, do not forget the place of experiments. Investigations discovered most of the tips we shared in this article. There is no laid down a formula to follow when it comes to growing succulents, as what works for you might not work for the next person.

You can start by doing some research to know what works for your succulents and what does not. The more you know about your succulents, the better you can care for them and the healthier they will be.
If you want to see, your succulents thrive, even in the most severe weather conditions, taking a course would help. There are both free and paid online lessons on succulents for beginners and experts.

Every growing environment is quite different, so you have to consider water, soil, light, pottery, and lots more when growing succulents in an environment. For instance, in Sub-Saharan Africa, succulent growers will not follow the same planting and caring guidelines as growers in the United States.
So, there you have it! We hope that you can now grow your succulents anywhere you live.

Adjusting To Grow Succulents In Warmer & Drier Climates

Grow Succulents in Warmer and Drier Climates

Succulents will get burnt or dehydrated when they get exposed to hot and dry weather conditions. So, you need to know how to adjust your succulents to grow in warmer and drier climates. We will share with you some tips on how to grow succulents in a hot environment.

Adjusting to growing succulents in warmer and drier climates

Tips for Growing Succulents in Warmer and Drier Climates

If you want your succulents to thrive in a warm and dry environment, follow the tips below:

Watering Schedule

When growing your succulents in a hot and dry area, you have to adjust the watering schedule. Since there is not enough rainfall, you have to ensure your succulents do not lack water. The best method to do this is by adopting the soak and dry method.

This method involves soaking the soil and allowing the soil to dry out totally before you start watering again. For the soak and dry method to be effective, you need well-draining soil and a pot with a good drainage system.

When watering indoor succulents, ensure the water does not reach the leaf’s top. If water stays on the leaf for more than three or four days, it will lead to rot. Use a squeeze bottle or a watering can to water your indoor succulents.

For outdoor succulents, you do not have to bother about drying because there is considerably more airflow, allowing the water to dry out quickly. Keep on watering the soil around the succulents until it is soaked. That is, But remember, you have to wait until the soil is totally dried out before you water it again.

The truth is, there is no rigid watering schedule formula when it comes to dry and hot climates. Some succulents demand more water than others, so ensure you do not under-water or overwater your succulents. Generally, most succulents growers have discovered that following a 2-3 week watering schedule is enough to keep your succulents alive in the hottest climate. You can take this watering schedule as your starting guide and adjust as necessary.

What is more, you need to water your succulents in the morning during the summer. This way, the roots will be cool, and the succulents will remain fresh, even during the hottest hours of the day. Watering twice a day can also be helpful. But ensure you only water again after the soil is totally dried out.

Adjusting to growing succulents in warmer and drier climates

Shade

You will need to provide more shade for your plants as the temperature rises in the summer. There are several ways to provide more shade for succulents, and one of such is to plant large plants close to your succulents. These large plants will provide shade for your succulents. If these plants grow out of proportion, you may need to trim them, so they do not completely shield your succulents from sunlight.

You can use a shade cloth to cover your succulents in the summer. Shade cloth is particularly suitable for covering young plants that can get destroyed by exposure to direct sunlight. Shade clothes come in different densities ranging from 5% to 95%, depending on the intensity of sunlight you want to block out. The great thing about a shade cloth is that water-permeable polyester makes it, so rainfall, irrigation systems, and sprinklers can water your succulents.

If you cannot afford to get a shade cloth, a beach umbrella can come in handy. Shading your succulents is quite easier if you grow them in pots. You can easily move the pot to any appropriate location around your house to shade your plants from direct sunlight.

Planting

You need to adjust your planting during the summer. If you planted the succulents in pots, you could move them to a shady area with carts or plant trolleys during the hottest period of the year.
If you are planting new succulents in a dry and hot climate, it would be best to use larger specimens. It is because smaller plants will require more watering and will not withstand too much sunlight. On the other hand, larger plants are naturally equipped to withstand sunlight and heat and require less watering.
Generally, larger succulents can adjust to the climate and environmental changes better than smaller succulents. So, suppose you are in a region where the adverse effect of climate change is pretty drastic. In that case, we recommend that you plant larger succulents.

You have to choose whether to plant your succulents in the ground or a pot in the summer. If you decide to plant the succulents in the ground, they are less susceptible to sunburns. They remain cooler during the day because their heat will not necessarily get to their roots. On the other hand, your succulents will dry out quicker than succulents planted in the ground if you plant them in a pot. You can also move your pots as much as you want.

Types of Plants

As a succulent grower, you have to understand that not all succulents are suitable for shade.
For instance, cacti plants can survive in the heat. Some cactus can even withstand direct sunlight because of their long spines that provide shade for them and help them stay cool in hot climates. Also, the needles of cactus help them retain more water during rainfall or water them.

Agaves can also survive in a hot environment because of their deep roots, which help them absorb as much water as possible. If you are looking for plants to grow during a drought, Agaves are your best choice.

Some succulents you can shade in the summer include

  • Jade plant (Crassula)
  • Aloe Vera
  • Devil’s backbone (Pedilanthus)
  • Sansevierias
  • burrow tail (Sedum)
  • Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera)
  • night-blooming cereus (Epiphyllum)
  • rosary vine (Ceropegia).

Final Words – Choosing the ideal succulents

Not all succulents can grow in warmer and drier climates. You can check out the USDA Hardiness Zone Map to know the plants that are ideally suited for specific hot regions in the United States. Be sure to follow this guide when adjusting your succulents to bloom in a dry climate.

Adjusting to growing succulents in warmer and drier climates

Aloe Juvenna

Aloe Juvenna – Everything You Need to Know

Aloe juvenna is also known as Tiger Tooth Aloe, and it is native to Kenya. It is a vibrant plant with spiked green leaves that turn reddish-bronze during the summer. It is because of the spiked leaves and “fear-inducing” look that makes it very eye-catching.

aloe juvenna
Aloe Juvenna @Amazon

Unlike most Aloes with basal rosettes, alternating leaves cover the stem of the Aloe juvenna. The leaves grow as high as a foot in clusters.

Caring for Aloe Juvenna Succulents

To care for your Tiger Tooth Aloes, you need to put the following factors into consideration:

Lighting

Tiger Tooth Aloes can be grown indoors or outdoors. If you are going for the former, ensure it is a bright spot in your home. The best spot to place your Aloe juvenna indoors is close to a south or west-facing window.

If you overwater and do not provide enough sunlight, the roots of your Aloe juvenna succulents will rot, and the plant will appear shriveled.

If you do not get adequate sunlight throughout the year, you should consider getting a grow light to provide additional lighting for your succulents. Grow lights are particularly useful during the dark winters.

When it comes to growing Aloe juvenna succulents outside, ensure you provide a partial shade. If you expose your Tiger Tooth Aloes to full sun, the leaves will turn reddish-brown, which is not exactly a bad thing. You should only be worried if you notice the leaves are sunburned.

To prevent sunburns, do not move the Aloe juvenna outside hurriedly. Instead, gradually acclimate the succulent to full sunlight. But then, bear in mind that an Aloe juvenna plant that is fully acclimated can still be sunburned, especially during a period of intense heat. The good thing is that as the plant matures, it is more capable of withstanding heat.

You can also use sunshades to prevent sunburns, particularly during the summer when the temperature rises to 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

Frost Tolerance

Aloe juvenna succulents can withstand freezing temperatures and frostbite for a short period. If you reside in the USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 9-11, you do not have to worry about taking your Aloe juvenna succulents indoors. You can even plant the succulents in the ground and it can withstand cold rain and frostbite during the winter.

Soil

Like many succulents, Aloe juvenna needs to be planted in soil with good drainage. Watering the plant properly without using the right soil will not yield the best result. If you do not use well-draining soil, the roots of your Aloe juvenna are bound to rot.

The best soil for your Tiger Tooth Aloe is a combination of cactus potting mix and perlite in a ratio of 2:1. This will provide the needed drainage to allow the soil to dry out fast.

You can also use sandy soil for your Aloe juvenna by combining cactus mix with coarse sand in a 2:1 ratio.

Watering

The climate depends on how much water your Tiger Tooth Aloes will need. Even though this succulent can withstand drought, it will grow better if you provide adequate water.

There is no strict rule for watering the Aloe juvenna succulents. In the summer, you can water the plant once a week. You may increase it to twice a week during a heatwave.

During the winter months, you can depend on rainwater and cut back on your watering frequency. If your area barely experiences rainfall during the winter, you can water two or three times a month, depending on how long it takes the soil to dry out.

If you live in a humid environment, you may have to water your Aloe juvenna succulents once a month, especially if your plants are indoors and are not getting much sunlight.

To know if your plants need water, touch the top layer of the soil. If the soil feels dry, then you can resume watering. If your plants are looking dehydrated, it means you need to increase your watering routine.

Suppose you do not want to risk overwatering or under-watering the Aloe juvenna succulents. In that case, you should consider getting a moisture meter or hygrometer to determine the moisture level of the soil and air.

Feeding

While it is optional to feed your Aloe juvenna succulents, you should consider it if you want them to grow healthily and bloom. The beautiful flowers of the Tiger Tooth Aloes will spring up during the flowering season if you provide the needed nutrients via fertilizers.

It is best to apply fertilizers during the summer or spring when the plant is actively growing. You can use a fertilizer specifically formulated for succulents or one blended for houseplants. You should only apply half the recommended quantity every two weeks for the Tiger Tooth Aloes to thrive.

How to Propagate Aloe Juvenna Succulents

Aloe juvenna succulents can be propagated from offsets and pups. Unlike stem and leaf cuttings propagation, you have to be patient for your Aloe juvenna succulents to produce offsets and pups before you can propagate.

To propagate from pups, find a mature pup and cut it off along with some roots. Propagating pups with roots have a higher chance of success than those without. Also, the bigger the pup, the higher its chances of survival.

You can either twist the pup off from the parent succulent or cut it off with a sterilized knife.

Keep the pup in a cool and dry place for a day or two to allow the cut to dry and seal. Do not leave the pup under direct sunlight so it does not get burnt.

If the pups do not have roots, dip them in a root hormone before you plant. The best soil to plant the pup is a potting mix with good drainage.

Watering should be frequent because pups require more water than fully grown plants. When the soil appears to be dry, use a spray bottle to water it again. Once you notice roots are developing, reduce your watering frequency or stop watering altogether.

Toxicity of Aloe Juvenna Succulents

First off, if you are looking for a non-toxic succulent, the Tiger Tooth Aloes are not for you. Aloe juvenna is harmful to dogs and cats because it contains anthraquinones and saponins.

If you have already planted this succulent indoors and suspect your pets’ poisoning, contact a veterinarian immediately. Alternatively, you can contact the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center to give you instructions on what to do.

Succulent nursery

What is a succulent nursery?

What is a succulent nursery? A nursery is a closed space accessible on foot that is intended for the cultivation of plants, both decorative and horticultural, in order to carry out a process of protection from excess cold at certain times of the year. Normally, it is composed of translucent glass or plastic outer cover, which allows total control of temperature, humidity, and other environmental factors that may affect our plants’ development. Besides, this also provides much favor to the development of the plants.

succulent nursery
Succulent nursery

What do I need to set up a nursery?

Apart from being your main source of income, plants are above all living beings. You must provide them with land, air, water, and light. In that order of ideas, the site you choose must have to supply these elements through an excellently ventilated environment, illuminated and above all free of chemical contamination. In addition, good irrigation and drainage systems. If you find yourself short of funds, the latter can be homemade. The most important thing is that they can be safe and efficient. Taking these characteristics into account, to start with a retail nursery, you can start by growing in your own garden. If not, you have this space at your disposal. You can explore other alternatives such as vertical gardens, wooden drawers, or flowerpots.

At first, you can focus only on certain types of succulents. For example, if you decide on cacti, you can start with some small ones and then expand to the production of another species of succulents. But if you prefer the variety, it is recommended that you have your plants well organized by groups, separating each of the species of succulents with which you have.

Now, if you prefer, you can also stock your nursery by buying from a wholesaler. In general, large suppliers are located in market places or supply centers. This becomes an advantage because it allows you to diversify. You will have the certainty that you will have supplies constantly. At this point, you may need to think about how you are going to transport them.

How to make a succulent nursery

Suppose we want to start a nursery that is destined to the care of succulent plants. In that case, we must train and learn about horticulture and related topics about this branch. Both about pests, seed management, and the like. You have the best knowledge about life vegetables and have bases on carrying out maintenance of your own business.

Permits and authorizations

We must check what the permits or authorizations that we need are in one that other cities. In particular, opening a store is a process that can take a few weeks. In the case of a nursery, it will depend a lot on the current legislation in your place of residence. For a plant business, you may require an additional license. After processing this type of matter, we will have to determine the place to set up the nursery. Zoning ordinances can sometimes be quite complicated. A nursery is called “agriculture,” but it can also be called “agribusiness.” This will depend on whether you opt only for potted plants or if you also have a piece of land where you can plant directly into the ground.

If necessary, we will have to build greenhouses and other facilities. Nurseries require a fairly specific infrastructure, such as a space to store succulents in winter, an indoor and outdoor place, a place to water, etc. We must pay close attention to these requirements when renting or buying the place.

Regulations for succulent nursery

It is important to review the regulations. The most common is that the growers of our city must be united in an organization. You should not hesitate to join these organizations. They can be very helpful for any type of problem. One thing to keep in mind is that being “independent” is not the same as being part of a larger organization. The latter always brings greater benefits.

Local authorities may require certain permits to be able to have water to water your succulents. We must consult about it. If necessary, fix our facilities so that this work is less difficult, as is the case with automatic dispersers or drip irrigation.

Investigating the market for succulent nursery

One of the most important things we must do is investigate the market well. Informing us of the target you are dedicated to who will be your next customers. Try as much as possible to study their tastes and their demands. You can have a certain dedication to people who live in apartments. They want to decorate with a beautiful plant or offer services on how to decorate with these plants indoors and garden design for those who live in a house with a garden.

Informing us and studying never hurts. There are certain types of courses and even university careers that deal with everything related to the world of plants, crops, etc. Before opening a nursery, you should consider that it is advisable to start studying it if you have not done it before. This will not only give you greater credibility and more judgment, but it will also allow you to offer many more options and also better services to your clients.

Advertising of succulent nursery

Put together a good advertising campaign. This is not to say that you have to appear on television or in a big magazine. But, you must bear in mind that to set up a nursery project, the investment in advertising must be highly contemplated. Perhaps in the form of a pamphlet that you can hand out on public roads to make the sign at the entrance more attractive.

Look for quality raw materials, especially if we are going to have plants for the garden. Get the best plants for your nursery. If the idea is to sell indoor plants, look for a supplier that has good prices and quality in the species. Do not forget the variety, since there are as many tastes as there are people in this world. And if you are going to dedicate yourself to planting and harvesting, you must take the time necessary for this task.

What should I take into account when setting up a nursery?

On the production issue, we must see the cultivation process. It involves the choice and acquisition of inputs such as plants, soil, compost, and related materials. Regarding the process, this begins with the planting of succulents and goes through different stages such as the preparation of substrates, the transplant to other pots as the size of the plants’ increases, as well as the day-to-day care that goes from fertilization. Pruning, treatments to prevent pests, among other things that you must be aware of and therefore must handle, for plants’ care.

In case you do not grow your own plants, we must have a correct supply. You must acquire them, as mentioned before in the previous section. So you should identify what your suppliers will be, in which lines they can specialize, and the frequency with which you must supply. In either case, you must ensure that the plants get enough nutrients so that they are able to stay healthy and attractive.

Be creative in marketing. You can sell plants to relatives and acquaintances. But if you have the desire to expand, find out about events that may be held in your areas, such as fairs, gardening shows, or farmers’ markets. You can also be a small business provider or set up your own virtual store online.