14 Sedum Succulents You Need In Your Garden

In the extensive Crassulaceae family, the genus Sedum gives you, a succulent lover, probably more than you can ever ask for. And that is not just in terms of the available plant options – there are about 600 of them.

In all of these species, you’ll find varied growth habits – the creeping ones and shrubs. Aside from that, you won’t get just a single foliage color, shape, and size. There is green, red, gray, etc. for the colors. The shapes also vary – oval, round, or needle-like.

Add the diversity in flowers, and you’ll quickly rush out to grab a few Sedum succulents. But which options will you go for? There are tons to choose, and the following are an excellent starting point.

1. Golden Sedum (Sedum adolphii)

The golden sedum can attain a height of between 10 and 12 inches and spreads to about 24 inches. The good thing about this Sedum succulent?

It’s a rapid grower, and of course, it’s a beauty.

It has thick evergreen foliage that spots a tinge of yellow in normal light conditions. When exposed to bright sunlight, the leaves turn reddish around the tips. These color schemes are further spruced up by white to yellow star-shaped blooms that come out at the close of winter or early spring.

One thing to look for when growing this Sedum succulent is the frost. Any contact and your plant will be no more.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum adolphii @toriawats

2. Giant Jelly Bean (Sedum lucidum)

The distinctive feature of the giant jelly bean is the super thick glossy leaves. The leaves are green, but just like the golden sedum above, they develop a red tint at the tips when exposed to bright light.

The plant grows to a height of approximately 20 cm and produces yellow-centered white flowers during winter.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum lucidum @liveasucculentlife

3. Coastal Stonecrop (Sedum litoreum)

This is a bit smaller than those two mentioned above – it grows to a height of just 15 cm at most. It bears obovate leaves that are bright green.

The coastal stonecrop can either be simple or branched (usually at the base) and produces pale yellow star-shaped flowers.

Liking the picks so far? Be sure you check out “Succulent Leaves Changing Color? Find Out What That Means” to see what changing color on your succulent means.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum litoreum @stephmerchak

4. Sedum mocinianum

If you were to take only one Sedum succulent from the whole of this list, then it should be Sedum mocinianum.

The leaves grow together in thick rosettes and are green. The whole of the plant is covered by numerous tiny hairs that make it appear bluish. As with most Sedums so far, Sedum mocinianum throws up blooms in winter. These flowers’ white color is broken by the dark red anthers.

Though majorly small, this jewel can grow to a length of 90 cm.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum mocinianum @mai.bloom

5. Sedum confusum

This is the perfect Sedum for ground cover.

Sedum confusum grows rapidly to cover a length of 25 cm tops. The most pleasing aspects of this cupcake are the leaves. They are glossy, dark green, and grow dominantly near the tips of the long trailing branches. On top of this, they have an oval shape and develop traces of pink around the edges when exposed to full sun.

In summer, they put out adorable bunches of yellow-colored flowers in the shape of stars.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum confusum @coastalcacti

6. Sedum allantoides

This is another awesome Sedum succulent with Mexico as its natural habitat. Being not so winter hardy, you’re better off excluding it from your garden if you leave outside of USDA hardiness zones 9b to 11b.

Sedum allantoides itself is shrubby and, just like the Salexanderi above, has the potential to attain a height of 12 inches. Its thick pale green leaves form rosettes and have a powdery look. Its green-white flowers add more pomp during the summer.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum allantoides @barokahnursery

7. Sedum bulbiferum

This one is a bit more cold tolerant compared to Sedum allantoides above. You can grow it outside form USDA hardiness zone 5b through to 10b. This beauty has quite long stems – 2 feet is the approximate length of each.

The Sedum bulbiferum flowers in summer with the blooms being star-shaped and yellow.

Check out more from the succulent family with “16 Most Popular Succulent Species In The World“. Find new succulents for your garden.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum bulbiferum @chappyandmikky

8. Sedum commixtum

Quite a notable entry on this list.

This succulent has unique leaves that vary in color as it grows. The fleshy leaves start as grayish-blue and turn into a tinge of purple-red. These leaves form rosettes on the nearly 30 cm mature stem. And as the others so far, the Sedum commixtum bears yellow star-shaped flowers sprouting in winter.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum commixtum @potty_about_plants

9. Tasteless Stonecrop (Sedum sexangulare)

This little beauty has an adorable leaf arrangement. Its name – sexangulare – was inspired by the leaves. They are arranged in six spirals hence the species name, which translates to “six-angled.

With its small height of just 15 cm at maturity, the tasteless stonecrop blooms in mid-summer in June and July. The flowers have the signature color and shape of the Sedum succulent– yellow and star-shaped.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum sexangulare @vistaverdearranjos

10. Blue Spruce Stonecrop (Sedum reflexum)

Other common names include prickmadam, crooked yellow stonecrop, jenny’s stonecrop, and stone orpine.

This succulent isn’t much of an upwards grower. The tallest it can grow is between six to eight inches. Its lack of height is compensated to a small extent by its spread – it can cover ground equal to as much as 2 feet wide.

Although leaves are blue-gray, light green, gray, and yellow are also other common colors. The leaves have a needle-like shape.

Interested in taking on a new adventure by gardening your succulents? Check out “7 Mini Garden Hand Tools For Your Succulents” for our full guide to tools you might need in your garden.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum reflexum @toffeee300

11. Nevius Stonecrop (Sedum nevii)

This is such a flexible jewel in terms of all the areas you can grow it outside. It can tolerate low winter temperatures of up to -40o F. This implies it can ideally be grown in a garden in quite a number of places. Areas in USDA hardiness zones 3a to 10b.

The nevius stonecrop is such a dense-growing producing numerous stems lined with gray-green foliage at the tips. The leaves are also narrow and pointed.

12. Mexican Sedum (Sedum stahlii)

You can also call it the Coral Bells. It is the unique Sedum succulent so far with its fleshy egg-shaped deep red leaves. The plant itself can grow up to 10 inches (25 cm) tall and spreads across 12 inches (30 cm).

The flowers are yellow and star-shaped – as with the rest of the Sedums so far – and emerge between late spring and early summer. To grow the Mexican sedum outside, you have to be in the USDA hardiness zones 7b to 11b.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum stahlii @solnechnyi_dvorik

13. Sedum treleasei

The leaves of this succulent are a sight to behold with their pale blue-green hue. As usual, they’re fleshy and are flat on top while being rounded below. The leaves don’t always maintain this color, though. Mature ones have traces of yellow or pink towards the tips 

Sedum treleasei can attain a maximum height of up to a foot (30cm). The plant is winter hardy in USDA hardiness zones 9a to 11b.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum treleasei @hookedonsuccs

14. Sedum booleanum

This low growing beauty has a bushy habit rising to approximately 6 inches (15 cm) tall. The leaves are fleshy and bright blue-green and have an overlapping arrangement.

Unique to this Sedum succulent are the flowers with their red pigmentation.

14 Sedum Succulents You Need in Your Garden
Sedum booleanum @botanical.concepts

Thank you for reading with us today! Be sure to check out related articles from the Sedum family to extend your succulent picks like “Sedum Spurium ‘Roseum’ Plants— the Perfect Addition to Your Garden” or “Sedum Morganianum— the Burros Tail Succulent Plant“.

Enjoyed learning about these Sedum succulent picks? If so, you’ll really enjoy our ebook about “All the Types of Succulents for Indoor & Outdoor“. With this ebook, you’ll find yourself more detailed answers that’ll help your succulent grow even better! With thousands of succulent lovers enjoying our ebooks, you don’t want to miss out on what works the best to grow your succulents.

Happy Planting! 🌵

Flapjack Paddle Plant – Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora

Do you want to add some pomp and color to your plant collection? If yes, then the Flapjack Paddle Plant is your best bet. And it’s not only about aesthetics.

The paddle plant gives you the good looks for just a fraction of your time and attention. As long as you’re providing it with the bare minimums, you’ll be assured of all the beauty this plant has to offer.

So today is all about this awesome succulent here. Read on to learn more!

Flapjack Paddle Plant – Kalanchoe thyrsiflora
Flapjack paddle plant growing in a planter @flowers.cactus

Origin and Description of the Flapjack Paddle Plant

Flapjack paddle plant is a member of Crassulaceae, a huge family native to South Africa. The natural habitats have a water shortage, so the members here are well-adapted to survive this.

The Flapjack Paddle Plant is part of the Kalanchoe genus of the more than 30 available genera in the family. The plant’s species name thyrsiflora is a reference to its flowering tendency to produce a cluster of flowers.

Besides Flapjack Paddle Plant, other common names of this beauty include flapjack, dog tongue, paddle plant, and desert cabbage.

The plant can grow up to about 30 inches when fully mature (this takes about 3-4 years) – that’s on the higher end. The height can be shorter; up to 12 inches with a spread of 18 inches.

The leaves are fleshy (a characteristic of the larger Crassulaceae family), gray-green, and have a round shape. They also have a tinge of red around their tips and form a rosette.

Yellow flowers come out in spring in April and May when the plant is mature. They are a bit small, but the size is compensated by the strong scent they emit. Unfortunately, the flowers signal the end of the road for the plant.

The paddle plant dies as soon as those sweet-smelling blooms are gone. But this shouldn’t be a problem. Cutting away the dead part will allow the remaining stalk to throw up new offsets that you can use to grow your collection.

Flapjack Paddle Plant – Kalanchoe thyrsiflora
pretty paddle plant @weekend_plants

Flapjack Paddle Plant Care

As with all succulents, the paddle plant doesn’t need a lot of attention to thrive. It’s hardy, remember. This makes it an easy jewel to care for.

Here’s a breakdown of what you’ll need to have the best of the flapjack paddle plant.

1. Light

This succulent light requirement will depend on whether you’re growing it as a houseplant or outside.

As an indoor gem, be sure to reserve the brightest spot for it. And while at it, make sure the sunlight is not coming through directly through a glass window, as this will scorch the plant.

Outdoors, full sun or partial shade are both ideal for your plant. But make a point of shielding the plant from the intense summer rays.

3. Watering

Generally, you don’t need to be heavy-handed with the watering. A few sessions far in between will do just fine in. As a general rule, only water your paddle plant when the soil has completely dried out.

That’s for the seasons when the plant is actively growing.

In winter, when the plant is dormant for a larger part, you’ll have to cut back significantly on watering. Of course, one reason is that the potting mix is drying out at a much slower rate. But most importantly, is that the water intake isn’t as upbeat as the other seasons.

4. Temperature

When it comes to dry conditions, the Flapjack Paddle Plant is well-adapted to handling them. But braving the cold? Not so much.

If your USDA hardiness zone isn’t ten and above, you’re better off growing this succulent as a houseplant. Or you can still have it outside, but then it must be potted. That way, you can whisk it inside as soon as temperatures start getting uncomfortably low.

5. Ideal Soil

Your paddle plant will need to stay in dry soil most of the time. That means you need to get a mix that doesn’t retain water for prolonged periods. Soggy soils will have the same effect as overwatering… rot.

You have two options here for well-draining mediums:

  • A commercial cactus/succulent mix
  • A DIY mix.

To create your ideal planting medium, all you’ll need is the regular potting mix, coarse sand, and pumice – and a little of your time. If pumice is not readily available, perlite will fit in perfectly.

Last update on 2019-11-26 / Amazon

Flapjack Paddle Plant – Kalanchoe thyrsiflora
Flapjack paddle plant @succucactusss

Propagation of Flapjack Paddle Plant

Kalanchoe thyrsiflora propagation is achievable via three ways – stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, and offsets. As much as different parts are used, the procedures for each aren’t so varied, except the stem cuttings. These will have to be inserted into the soil as opposed to leaf cuttings and offsets that need to be placed on top of the mix.

Follow the steps below in propagating your plant:

  • Use a sharp, sterilized knife (or a pair of scissors) to get your preferred part – stem, leaf, or offset.
  • Allow the cut part to callous. This can take anywhere between 2-4 weeks and serves to prevent rotting and infections.
  • For a stem cutting, insert it into a well-draining mix. For the other two, simply placing them on the mix will work just fine.
  • Keep your succulent in a bright spot away from direct sunlight. Also, be sure to keep the mix moist – a spray bottle will be helpful for this.
  • For stem cuttings, you can leave them in the mix when they’ve rooted and introduce the regular care routine once leaves have formed.
  • For leaves and offsets, once the roots have formed, the next step will be to plant them. You may have to wait for some time before going full throttle with the caring guidelines above.

Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora Toxicity

Bad news – this exceptional beauty is poisonous.

So you need to be careful when dealing with it. As a precaution, be sure to have gloves on when you have to touch the plant for whatever reason – and wash up thoroughly as soon as you’re through with your engagements.

If you have kids or pets, make a point of ensuring the two don’t come into contact with your plant. You don’t want this adorable baby to cause a nightmare in your house. The most probable effects include drooling, oral irritation, diarrhea, and vomiting.

Check out these additional 7 Poisionsous Succulents for Dogs and Cats to ensure you understand the proper care!

Flapjack Paddle Plant – Kalanchoe thyrsiflora
A potted Kalanchoe thyrsiflora @casafloraljulieta

We still can’t get over how cute this succulent is, and a cuter name to go with it! If you already own a Flapjack Paddle Plant, how long have you owned it? Any additional tips you want to share? Comment down below!

Want to enhance your succulent knowledge even more?! (Of course you do). Check out these articles on The Ultimate Guide to Beheading Succulents, Super Cute Bunny Succulents For Your Garden, and The Stunning Crassula Capitella Succulent today!

Thanks for reading with us today! Be sure to check us out on Instagram and Facebook for daily succulent content.

Happy planting! 🌱

Devil’s Head Cactus – Echinocactus Horizonthalonius

There is no denying that cacti call some shots in the succulent group. That’s why it’s natural to find cactus and succulent being used interchangeably. Well, if you’re a succulent lover, you know better.

The cacti group is so diverse that you’re going to run into surprises (pleasant ones) now and then. Devil’s head cactus is just one of the more than 1700 surprises (species). You’ll find this guide particularly helpful if you’re looking into growing this cactus.

Dive right in!

Devil’s Head Cactus – Echinocactus horizonthalonius
A flowering cactus growing in a pot @cherokeelion

Devil’s Head Cactus – Origin

This succulent is native to the Chihuahuan and Sonoran deserts of the United States and Mexico. Taking into account that the Sonoran desert is the hottest in the whole of Mexico, it’s easy to see how hardy the devil’s head cactus is. To top it all off, the nature of these desert lands isn’t exactly a boost to plant life.

The two play a significant role in determining how you should take care of this baby when you decide to bring it home. You’ll get to know about that in a second.

Description

This beauty can be hemispherical, columnar, globular, or flat-topped in shape. You can expect this plant to grow to a height of up to 16 in and eight inches across. The surface is blue-green.

The entire plant structure is divided into sections (called ribs), each bearing several areoles. And from these areoles, the popular cactus structures, spines, emerge. A typical plant will have up to 8 ribs.

Each areole can bear between three to ten spines that are cross-ribbed, measuring up to 4 cm in length. So the entire plant structure is spiky. This means you’ll have to take precautions when handling this succulent. The spines can be gray, pink, or brown.

The flowers are showy and can either be pink or magenta. They come out mainly during June, although it’s not unusual for the plant to bloom as early as April or later on in September – as long there is rain. The flowers open during the day and close when darkness sets in.

These blooms give rise to fruits that are either red or pink and covered with numerous tiny hairs.

Check out another kind of cactus to keep you interested like “Giant Barrel Cactus – Echinocactus Platyacanthus“.

Classification of the Devil’s Head Cactus

The devil’s head cactus is part of the larger Cactaceae family – like all the good cacti. Further on in the classification hierarchy, it belongs to the Echinocactus genus and is of the Ehorizonthalonius species.

Hence, in the botanical world, it goes by the name Echinocactus horizonthalonius. Besides devil’s head cactus, other common names include horse crippler, eagle’s claw, blue barrel cactus, visnaga meloncillo, and horse maimer.

Speaking of the Ehorizonthalonius species, there are two varieties of it:

1. Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. horizonthalonius

This is the one you’ll likely encounter since it’s the most widely cultivated. It is dominant in the Chihuahuan region from Arizona, New Mexico to Texas and Northeastern Mexico.

2. Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. nicholii

You’d be hard-pressed to find this variety in extensive cultivation. It’s an endangered species limited to only a few parts of the Sonoran desert in Arizona and Mexico. Compared to the first variety above, it is taller and bears branches sometimes.

Devil’s Head Cactus – Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Cactus growing in a pot @danjo_koumuten

Growing Conditions

As mentioned above, the devil’s head cactus is a desert native. The conditions call for serious buckling up. And this succulent has perfected this.

It can survive on so little, which means you won’t need to exalt yourself as much to see it grow into an adorable gem. Nevertheless, you’ll still need to be there for your baby.

Consider the following ingredients for a healthy Echinocactus horizonthalonius.

Be sure to also check out our piece “How Fast Do Cacti Grow?” to see more on the growing conditions of cacti.

1. Watering and Soil Requirements

The devil’s head cactus is a highly drought-resistant plant owing to its water-deprived natural habitat. To grow it smoothly, you’ll have to consider this when coming up with a watering routine.

Naturally, you’ll have to be a bit moderate on this front. A heavy drink for your plant once in a while will make sure it thrives. That is, water only when the soil is completely dried out.

But that would be useless if the soil doesn’t dry out fast enough. That’s why you’ll also need to consider a potting mix that won’t stay clogged for long – drainage is paramount.

So, grab a well-draining potting mix, a cactus/succulent one to be precise!

Organic Succulent and Cactus Soil Mix Fast Draining Pre-Mixed...
  • Professionally formulated, imported from Denmark,...
  • Organic cactus and succulent soil mix,...
  • Perfectly for most succulent and cacti varieties,...
  • Well draining The Next Gardener succulent potting...
  • This soil is optimized for pH of 5.5. Neutral pH...

Last update on 2019-12-10 / Amazon

2. Ideal temperatures for devil’s head cactus

This succulent is not so cold hardy, so it’s essential to consider the average minimum temperatures you experience in your area before planting it outside. In which USDA Hardiness zone does your area fall?

You’ll be fine to grow it outside if your region is 8b and above. For 8a and below, you can grow the gem as an indoor plant. Alternatively, you can grow it in a pot outside so that you can bring it inside in winter.

Check out our guide to “How Long Do Succulents Live?” tos ee tips on maintaining your succulent for longevity.

3. Light requirements

This beauty is not so selective when it comes to exposure – as long as the light is coming in. It can do well in both full sun exposure and partial shade. Of course, you have to ensure enough rays are hitting it, especially when you’re raising it indoors.

4. Propagation

Propagation of the devil’s head cactus is by seeds. Allow the fruits to be significantly ripe – a bit overripe is recommended. Proceed to extract the seeds, clean, and allow them to dry.

Sow your seeds in a well-draining mix at the end of the cold season.

Check out “10 Beginner Mistakes when Growing Succulents” to see beginner mistakes when propagating and more.

Devil’s Head Cactus – Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Devil’s head cactus inside

Thank you for reading! Let us know in the comments below if you have any succulent from the cacti family in your garden. Be sure to check out similar articles from the cacti family like “Cottontop Cactus – Echinocactus Polycephalus” or “Totem Pole Cactus (Pachycereus Schottii Monstrosus)“.

If you’d like this read you’re going to love our full in-depth ebooks! With so many of our succulent lovers asking for more, we listened and can’t wait to share it with you here! With our very detailed ebooks you’ll get more information than these short articles, some ebooks are 30+ pages, perfect for a weekend read.

Happy Planting! 🌵

Cutest Succulents: Living Stones (Lithops)

A touch of character with an element of surprise is what you can expect from living stones. These little succulents known as Lithops plants are small and absolutely adorable. Lithops is both a singular and a plural, so don’t go searching for a Lithop if you want one.

Typically, they grow to about an inch above the surface of the soil. The rest of the plant is underground. They appear unassuming, often split into a cloven shape. In fact, if you do not know what to look for, they will be easy to miss. Living stones have two leaves that are thick and padded. They are the masters of camouflage which is how they have earned their name. Numerous colors, spots, and little stripes can be found on the upper surface of the leaves. There are at least 145 different types to choose from. Their resemblance to stones is uncanny.

These cute succulents originate from South African deserts, where they can easily grow amidst sand and rocks. They do best in areas where the weather is exceptionally hot and needs very little water.

Cutest Succulents Living Stones Lithops
Surprising Item @maceplants

Unique Features of The Living Stones

It would be a challenge for anyone to kill this plant, even if one does not have a green thumb. It all comes down to nutrients and water, which this plant barely requires. Very little is lost from the surface area of this succulent as most of it is underground. Having only two leaves also minimizes the surface area of the plant. In fact, some Lithops can grow and stay alive with fog or mist being the primary source of moisture.

The Lithops have no stem, and the leaves are like storage tanks for the plant. It is the leaves that ensure that the plant can stay without water for months. When experiencing a drought, these plants are able to stay alive by shriveling and shrinking below the soil level. When the succulent seeds, these seeds can remain viable for months since they need minimal moisture.

Cutest Succulents Living Stones Lithops
Unique Characteristics of Living Stones @idrenpeachpoo

Growing Your Cute Succulents

The sandier the soil, the better if you want your Lithops to thrive. These plants are light lovers. Bright sunlight is ideal. Full-on exposure won’t damage them, though a little shade in the afternoon is advised. If you want to keep them indoors, you should make sure they are close to a south-facing window so that they can get the most light. Four to five hours of direct sunlight is what they need each day.

If you start out with your Living Stone succulent indoors, you should not transplant it to grow outdoors later. This is because being indoors makes them lose resistance to bright light. If you move them outdoors, the leaves of these cute succulents will burn, and they will die. During the winter, ensuring that these plants have adequate access to light should be a priority.

Check out this guide on “How to Successfully Grow Indoor Succulents” for a guide on growing your Living Stones indoors.

The most surprising and endearing feature of this plant is its flower. Flowering happens in autumn or in early winter. The flowers are in various colors including pale orange, yellow and white. They resemble daisies, looking like small clusters of perfect bouquets on the ground. The unique feature of these flowers, they are only open in the afternoon when it is sunny and hot. When it gets cooler, towards the late afternoon going into the evening, the flowers close up. With some varieties of these cute succulents, the flowers are scented. They come out from the space between the two leaves.

Once flowering has completed, a new phase of life begins for these succulents. They go through dormancy, where the old leaves are reabsorbed, and new leaves develop. In some cases, a new cluster will appear.

Enjoying learning about the Living Stones succulent? Be sure to also check out “7 Succulent Bouquets You Wish You Knew About” for a look at succulents you can use at your wedding! Check it out!

Cutest Succulents Living Stones Lithops
Grow Your Living Stones @succulents.ireland

Keeping Living Stones

When keeping them, ensuring that the conditions are as close as possible to their natural environment is what you should aim for.

Succulents typically require minimal watering, and only when their soil has dried out. These succulents require even less water. Between the fall and spring, they should not be watered at all as this is when they are dormant. They have a yearly cycle of growth.

This is one succulent that can stay within a family for generations, living up to 50 years if they are grown outdoors in ideal conditions. When indoors, they can be grown in the same pot for up to 20 years.

Thinking of using grow lights for your succulents? Be sure to check out “Are Grow Lights Bad for My Succulents” and see if it’s safe to continue using these lights.

Cutest Succulents Living Stones Lithops
The Natural Surroundings @im.juyoung

Some Interesting Facts On the Living Stones Succulent

Here are a few interesting facts about this plant.

  • When looking to purchase these plants, there are several names they go by. Look for flowering stones, mimicry plants or even pebble plants too.
  • There is a theory that they look like stones to protect themselves from being eaten by grazing animals in the wild.
  • They grow best in groups and surrounded by small pebbles.
  • Roots need room for growth, so pots should be at least five inches deep.
  • These plants are non-toxic, ideal to have around children and pets.
  • It can grow well without any fertilizer.
Cutest Succulents Living Stones Lithops
Lithops @nannileslie

Thank you for reading with us today! Let us know in the comments below which kind of succulents you have laying around the house. Do you have the Living Stones succulent yet?

Loved learning about this succulent and now inspired to add more to your collection?! (We don’t blame you) Check out Succulent City’s new line of ebooks covering topics from, “All the Types of Succulents for Indoor and Outdoor,” “Different Types of Planters,” and many more helpful in-depth ebooks. Head to this link to view our full line of ebooks and get started with our complimentary guide.

Happy Planting! 🌵

What Exactly Is A Crested (Monstrose) Succulent?

Succulents are perhaps the most unique plants to grace the face of the earth. Their extraordinary forms of shapes and differently colored rosettes are quite the spectacle in your garden. All succulents are generally characterized by having fleshy water-filled stems, branches, and leaves that come to their rescue in the drier days. So what makes them Crested Or Montrose?

Besides the overall classifications, we have more specialized types, for example, the cacti that have spikes. And further within the cacti classification, the features get more specific in a widely spread broad spectrum. The breakdown goes on and on in an almost infinitely fashion.

And as if their different hues and weird shapes are not enough, there is a bizarre section of this genus that is Crested and Montrose.

What Exactly Is A Crested Monstrose Succulent
What Makes Them a Monster @cupcakesprinklebottom

Why Do Succulents Become Crested Or Monstrose?

A succulent becomes crested or monstrose as a result of the modification of their cells. These mutations occur when the original mother plant undergoes some change at its growth points where the meristem cells are found. At the apical meristem, a single growing point is adjusted to make multiple growing points.

And on each newly formed growth point, the cells begin to multiply erratically, elongating the growing tip to create a fan. The fan then develops numerous foliage that pushes each other, resulting in an overcrowded unprecedented leaves pattern.

Check out how long your succulents will last you in “How Long Do Succulents Live?“.

Crested succulents are the ones that such a mutation happens on one or two parts of the crop. New cells form from a single point and push the older cells outwards in a nearly radially symmetrical pattern. The resulting mutation growth originates from a line rather than a single location. Cristates look neat and balanced in appearance and structure.

In cases where the crests develop in the plant’s early stages, the crop remains immature and rarely flowers. But when it transpires, later on, they develop functional reproductive anatomy where they flower as scheduled. Crested succulents may have normally growing stems attached to the same plant. It is, therefore, easier to find out the species of that succulent by looking at the usual sections.

Learn more on these succulents by taking a look at “Where Do Most Succulents Come From?“.

What Exactly Is A Crested Monstrose Succulent
Look of Monster @girlwholovesplants

Likely Causes Of These Mutations

Owing to the fact that these modifications are untimed and unpredictable, scientists cannot really pinpoint clear-cut sources. It has become a somewhat perplexing and mind-twisting venture since it develops at any time during the growth cycle of the succulent. The most bewildering part is that it may or may not occur entirely. Therefore the investigation lacks consistency, and that distorts the whole study. But they instead have hunches as to why these modifications happen. Below are some of the likely causes:

Physical Stress

Any physical stress that a succulent may face may be a probable cause of such mutations. These stresses may include ones induced by weather such as extreme heat or coldness, which prompts the cells to adjust to accommodate the change. Other physical stresses may be as a result of prior insect damage, disease injury, and even trimming.

Chemical Trauma

The chemicals used in the manufacture of pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers are meant to be beneficial, but an ingredient or two may do otherwise. Some of the chemicals are toxic to the plant such that they affect the cells causing them to rearrange themselves, resulting in a variation.

These mutations may be the root cause of the formation of the crested or monstrose plant parts. Chemical trauma, however, does not happen on the first application but instead affect the succulent after being in use over a period of time.

Genetical Modifications

Mutations are a result of an adjustment or change of an organism’s DNA arrangement. A simple adjustment, even in humans, results in drastic unfathomable changes. The thing about these shifts is that they are unpredictable and that they happen spontaneously. These unplanned changes may result in the formation of these two growth types.

Looking to grow your own succulents? Check out our piece on “Summer & Winter Succulents: What’s the Difference?” for tips on options when it comes to choosing the right succulent for the right season.

What Exactly Is A Crested Monstrose Succulent
Genetic Alterations @cloud9_plants

Radiation

The sun’s rays come in different wavelengths, some are valuable, and some are harmful to plants. The useful ones are the ones that aid in the process of photosynthesis. The harmful ones, on the other hand, do just as their name suggests, harm.

The most obvious result of these rays is that they scorch the succulent on the surface. And they may also affect the internal parts of the succulent by causing the cells to either die or readjust themselves. These changes may result in the formation of the Montrose or crested stems or branches.

Nutritional Deficiencies

Succulents, just like all crops, require a set of nutrients to flourish. And a lack of one of these nutrients may result in the mutation of the plant cells. For instance, the lack of zinc has been found to result in the crested form mutation.

Infections

Bacterial, fungal, or viral infections may cause some genetic disturbances that may result in a succulent becomes crested or. A pathogen by the name Phytoplasma has been identified to be the causative agent of cresting in some species.

What Exactly Is A Crested Monstrose Succulent
Take Care of Your Succulent @cemosukulentbahce

As mentioned above, both of these mutations are unpredictable and therefore, may develop in almost all succulent species. But there have been a few varieties that have been widely affected by these mutations.

Thank you for reading! Let us know in the comments below if any of your succulents at home have encountered this phenomenon.

Did this article help answer your succulent-care questions? We sure hope so! If not, no worries. Succulent City is devoted to aiding all succulent lovers, and that’s why we created a line of ebook guides! Check out our in-depth tips on “Essential Tools for Planting the Best Succulents” or even “All the Types of Succulents for Indoor & Outdoor“.

Happy Planting! 🌵

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