Baby Toes Succulent

Baby Toes Succulent – Detailed Care Guide

Baby Toes is also called Fenestraria rhopalophylla plant or Window plant. The name was conceived because the succulent leaves are shaped like a toe with tiny blisters that act as windows to allow light intake.

baby toes succulent
Baby toes succulent @Amazon

This succulent is pretty easy to grow. It is perfect for a beginner succulent grower. We captured everything you need to know about growing and propagating the Baby Toes in this article.

Description of Baby Toes

The Baby Toe plants originate from Namibia and South Africa and belong to the Aizoaceae family, with over 1800 species of plants. Baby Toes have bladder-like pustules on their leaves to help attract sunlight and promote photosynthesis, which is needed for their growth.

The stems of the Fenestraria rhopalophylla plant grow underground while the leaves are visible and grow in clusters.

The tips of Baby Toes leaves do not have green pigment to conduct heat, especially if they are grown in deserts. Coupled with the high intake of sunlight, the plant can survive in the desert because of its roots and thick leaves, which help store water.

Healthy Baby Toes will bloom in the winter and fall producing two or more yellow flowers.

How to Care for Baby Toes

For your Baby Toe succulents to thrive, you have to take note of the following care guidelines:


The roots of a Baby Toe plant are quite short and very prone to rot, so you need to use succulent soil with good drainage.

A good potting mix for Baby Toes is the Black Gold Cactus Mix. It is packed with perlite, pumice, and sand, so it dries out quickly and does not need amendment.

Baby Toes do not grow well in potting mix that contains lots of peat moss, loam, and humus because they have a high water retention capacity.


The roots of Baby Toe succulents tend to rot when you overwater them. You should not water when the soil is not dry. In the summer, when the plant is dormant, you can stop watering completely.

The great thing about Baby Toes is that they communicate well with the growers. They will let you know when you overwater by displaying cracks on the tips leaves. Also, the leaves will appear shriveled due to under-watering.


Baby Toe succulents require an ample amount of sunlight daily. If you are growing them indoors, the best place is close to a south-facing window. On the other hand, if you are growing the plant outdoors, you need a warm temperature. If the temperature is too high, the plant may get sunburns. To prevent sunburns, you can provide a partial shade or shade cloth for the plant.


If you want to hasten the growth process of Baby Toes, you can fertilize them. They require a minute amount of fertilizer.

Use a fertilizer specially formulated for succulents and dilute it, or add half of the quantity recommended by the manufacturer. Applying fertilizers once a month is enough for Baby Toes in their active growing season.

That said, it is not advisable to apply fertilizers during dormancy so that the plant does not grow out of proportion.


Plant your Baby Toes in a pot that is just about the same size as the plants. Since Baby Toes do not grow that big, a 4-inch pot will enough for them to breathe and grow without restraint.

To avoid overwatering and let the soil dry out quickly, use a small pot with drainage holes.

Growth Zone

Baby Toes are not cold hardy plants, so you might need to take them indoors if you live in a region where the temperature drops below 30 degrees Fahrenheit.

But then, if you reside in the USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10a to 11b, you can keep your Baby Toes outside.

Whether you are growing this plant indoors or outdoors, ensure it gets at least six hours of sunlight daily.


Perhaps, one of the most exciting features of Baby Toe succulents is that they bloom and produce flowers about times a year. If you provide enough water and sunlight, your Baby Toes’ roots will be firmly established, and white flowers will spring up.

The flowers of your Baby Toes will open, close, and occasionally turn in reaction to light, and that is a sight to behold.

Trim off the bottom of any dead flower stem, and the plant will produce new flowers later on.

Propagating Baby Toe Succulents

You can propagate the Fenestraria rhopalophylla succulents by offsets or seeds. If you do not have the patience to wait for seeds to germinate, you should opt for the offset propagation technique. Also, propagating from seeds is not all that reliable, especially if your soil does not have the required nutrients.

But then, if you still want to try out the seed propagation method for Baby Toes, do it during the fall months. Carry out the seed propagation with the same soil type the parent plant was grown.

In addition, pour sand over the seed so nutrients do not escape into the atmosphere. You should consider getting a growing lamp for the seeds if you live in a cold region.

Also, cover the pot to create warmth around the seedlings and retain moisture. The Baby Toe seeds grow best at a minimum temperature of 66.2 degrees Fahrenheit.

When it comes propagating from offsets, pull out a baby plant from your mature Baby Toes. Do this gently so you do not damage the roots of the plant. Alternatively, you can use a sterilized knife to cut the offset.

Place the offset on a piece of paper and allow it to dry for a few days before placing it in a well-draining pot to grow.