Senecio Kleiniiformis (The Slow-growing Spear Head Succulent)

Senecio Kleiniiformis Image

This plant is considered a native of South Africa, but its origin isn’t clear. Some botanists hold the position that the plant has never been seen in the wild anywhere. It is therefore believed only to be found in cultivation, raising the possibility that it is a cultivar of indeterminate origin.

Family:Asteraceae/ Daisy
Scientific Name:Senecio Kleiniiformis
Other Names:Reeindeer Antlers, Spear Head Senecio, Spear Head.
Growth Season:Autumn and spring.
Preferred Temperature:It does best in temperatures between 10 and 12oC (50-53.6oC). Also, it is moderately frost-hardy and can withstand temperatures as low as -5oC for short periods if it is a dry winter, but not lower.
Hardiness Zone:USDA Zone 9b-12
Average Mature Height & Width:It is about one foot high and ten inches wide.
Dormancy:It goes dormant in winter when the cold causes growth hormones to stop working.
Toxicity:Every part of this plant is toxic to humans and pets when ingested.
Senecio Kleiniiformis Summary

Senecio Kleiniiformis Physical Characteristics

It is a slow-growing succulent with distinctly grey-green, fleshy leaves. The leaves can be triangular or have five points. It looks like a spearhead or an arrowhead which is the origin of one of its common names. A few plants in the species can have up spoon-shaped leaves. The base of these leaves is cylindrical, so it appears like the spear or arrow handle that holds the head in place. Besides being soft and fleshy, these leaves are also rubbery.

The plant’s branches can either be ascending or trailing and they usually have conspicuous leaf marks. This senecio produces inflorescence from which grows little flowers that don’t add much to its beauty. The flowers are yellow or whitish.

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Senecio Kleiniiformis Care

It has particular water storage tissue on its leaves and stems thus, it stores the water it receives. It only requires to be watered sparingly, not only because it doesn’t need much water but too because too much water in the soil means waterlogging, which can, in turn, cause root rot. You should water it only during its growing seasons and ensure water from a previous drink is exhausted before watering next. Avoid overhead watering because exposing leaves to water predisposes them to fungal leaf rot.

The substrate on which you grow this plant is a major determinant of whether your watering endeavor will succeed or not. It should be pervious, due to its high gravel content. The pot where you grow this succulent should have drainage holes to release excess water. It is advisable to feed this plant regularly during its growing season, at least once per month, with water-soluble fertilizers that contain medium to high hydrogen levels to encourage leaf growth. Such feeding invigorates the plant.

DO YOU KNOW? Caring (propagating, pruning/trimming, beheading, watering, …) is a set of skills that is applicable to almost every succulent. Read the in-depth succulent care guide right here >>

Senecio Kleiniiformis Growth

This plant is ideal for growth in succulent gardens, Mediterranean gardens, and container plants. You propagate it cuttings or division since it has multiple stems. The division produces established plants faster than cuttings. Also, its cuttings are relatively easy to grow because the stems root at the nodes when they come into contact with the soil.

Follow the usual steps for propagating succulents using cuttings during the process. If you grow this plant in a pot, it will probably be from a hanging basket. Repotting is necessary every time it doubles in size.

It is vulnerable to mealybugs, scale insects, and spider mites. They aren’t a significant threat, but you must watch out to avoid infestation.

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Richard Miller

Salute everyone. It's Richard, the author of this Succulent & Xeriscaping blog. I am a traveler and a nature lover looking for a connection with the wild green. In my journey, I found a love for succulents and xeriscaping. What attracts me is the long-lasting & unique beauty of every plant I have the chance to see with my own eyes. Welcome to my little blog and let's enjoy a good time together!

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