How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves and Cuttings


Ever wonder just how to propagate succulents from leaves and cuttings? Well, here at Succulent City, we have the answer to this and more Succulent FAQs!

Propagation gives you the freedom to produce more of those beautiful succulents you love so much. A useful life-hack to expand your succulent garden at no extra cost. Increase the number of pots and jars holding your lovely succulent beauties at home. Fill up your shelves with rows upon rows of different kinds of succulents.
But what if you run out of shelf space? Well, fill up your window-sills next. When every nook and cranny is crammed full with succulents, you can share your beautiful succulents with your loved ones. A pretty succulent arrangement makes a brilliant birthday gift.

Sharing is caring, after all. Speaking of sharing, join the Succulent City Plant Lounge and share your succulent arrangements, experiences, and remedies with other succulent lovers from across the globe.

How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves and Cuttings

Propagating Succulents From Leaves

A Step-By-Step Guide

Propagation enhances not only the beauty of your succulent arrangements but also their overall well-being, giving them a healthy “tended-to” look. Our resident botanical expert made an easy-to-understand list of the necessary steps to follow when propagating your succulents.

1. Identify the leaves best suited for propagation

For the best results, use healthy-looking leaves. Any leaves that look wilted, discolored, rotten, or mushy should be cut off and discarded. Leaves that look bright, plump, and firm will give us the best outcome.

2. Cut off the succulent leaves.

It will help if you use a sharp pair of scissors or a clean, sterile knife to cut the leaf off the stem. You can also do this by hand. If you choose to use your hands, be careful to avoid leaf breakage. It’s advisable to cut no more than three leaves at any given time.

Try to avoid wrinkled or distorted succulent leaves. Any leaves that appear to host pests or disease are a definite no-no.

3. Root sprouting

Put some well-draining soil onto a flat surface, something like a kitchen tray. Let your cuttings lie flat on the soil surface, either on the kitchen tray or in your garden. It will give the cutting some time to heal while recovering from the shock of sudden detachment. Leave the leaf on the soil surface without burying it for anywhere up to 5 days.

4. Planting the Succulent Plant

After a few days, you should see your leaves sprouting roots. Some leaves will shrivel up and dry. That is normal. Discard any dry, shrivelled leaves and focus on the leaves that have started producing root systems.
The roots can take a few days or weeks to sprout, depending on the succulent species and the present conditions. Once the sprouted roots grow a few inches long, you can transfer the leaves to your garden or indoor pots and containers.

We advise a mixture of sand and potting soil for planting your cuttings. To be on the safe side, ensure humidity, airflow, and moisture in the soil is well balanced.

Some succulent enthusiasts find water propagation easier since one places the succulent leaf-cutting in a container filled with water. You don’t have to worry about soil mixture, humidity, or drainage.

How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves and Cuttings

External Conditions For Successful Propagation.

  • Minimal leaf movement

Keep the leaf steady to prevent any root damage that may hinder the growth of your baby succulent.

  • Weather status

It is advisable to propagate your succulents during warmer, more humid seasons. These conditions can either be artificial or natural, indoors or outdoors.

  • Lighting

Adequate lighting – preferably sunlight – shortens the amount of time it takes for your succulent to produce pups.

  • Moisture retention

Cover the container at night to help preserve the plant’s moisture during extreme weather.

Transplanting Your New Succulents

Now that the roots have developed, you need to support the propagated succulents to form their own tiny leaves. It’s now time to transplant each new succulent baby to its container to grow independently. Ensure your new planter, be it a vase, pot, or even a wooden box, has drainage holes at the base. The holes will help prevent water-logging that may lead to root-rot. Nasty business that root-rot.

Read more about root-rot and the danger of water-logging in this informative article by Succulent City.

Choose a container wide enough to allow future root expansion. Fill it with pre-mixed cactus soil. Succulents do not require daily watering. Their natural habitat is an arid or semi-arid area. Therefore they are used to minimal rainfall by design. Just occasional watering once a week is required. Place your succulents in a place with adequate sunlight. Outdoor plants shouldn’t concern you much when it comes to sunlight, but indoor succulents will need a decent amount of light. Preferably on the window-sill.

Propagation Of Succulent Cuttings

While very similar to propagation by leaves, the use of cuttings to propagate plants has a few distinct differences. While leaves cut from the mother plant require some time for the roots to develop before you can plant them, succulent cuttings do not need to go through the rooting process. A simple process, take your firm, healthy stem cutting and plant it directly into your preferred planter.

Read on the best planters for growing your succulents here: Choosing the Right Pot for Succulents

With enough water and sufficient sunlight, your cuttings can sprout and develop their roots in the soil.
Planting succulents using cuttings makes succulent plants mature, grow, and spread much faster than when employing leaf propagation. When watered as required, your cuttings should start producing new roots and brand-new, healthy green leaves in a matter of weeks.


Either way, the decision to use leaf or cuttings in propagation is up to you. Until you follow the steps given above, whichever method you choose will end up giving you a bunch of healthy and beautiful new baby succulents. Add them to your succulent collection or give them out as gifts. You can even sell them and
Share pictures of your newly propagated succulents with enthusiasts worldwide on the Succulent City Instagram page.

Want to learn more about the propagation method for succulents in a step-by-step way? You need to check out our new ebook!

How to Propagate Succulents from Leaves and Cuttings

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