How To Propagate String Of Pearls With Different Methods

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Introduction

The String of Pearls is a beautiful plant that stands out in everything. This climber is unique for various reasons, including the fact that it doesn’t have open leaves. Its leaves form tiny balls that look like pearls, and the thin strand from which they grow looks like a string. Therefore, this plant’s overall appearance is that of a necklace.

The management of this plant is like that of any typical succulent. It is easy to manage if you take care of the watering and sunlight and plant it in a suitable substrate. If you do all that, you will enjoy all the benefits you should enjoy from the plant.

As a plant parent or armature nursery owner, you will want to increase your number of plants. This means you must be adept at propagating the plant using various methods. The following is some information on how you can propagate the plant.

Tools You Need For String Of Pearls Propagation

You should gather the tools you need for the propagation before you start the process. The following are the things you need to put together.

  1. A pair of scissors, shears, a knife, or another sharpened cutting tool.
  2. Methylated spirit.
  3. A breathable, well-draining pot.
  4. Suitable pottage.

How To Propagate String of Pearls – Different Methods

There are various ways of propagating the String of Pearls. You multiply from different parts of the plant depending on the space you have to propagate the plant on. The primary medium for propagation is the stem because seeds are rarely viable. Also, unlike other succulents, the String of Pearls leaf structure doesn’t support easy propagation using leaves.

How To Propagate String Of Pearls Using Cuttings

  1. Use sterilized tools to cut a stem: Apply methylated on the cutting tool to sanitize the tool before cutting. This ensures the cutting and the plant don’t get infected by pathogens on the device. You should sharpen the tool to ensure a clean cut. Cutting the stem ruggedly makes it difficult to root, and it may rot from that point because it doesn’t callous easily.
  2. Wait for a few days and let it dry out and form calluses: This is whereby the plant’s sap dries up on the cut part of the plant. It keeps the wound hidden so the plant doesn’t rot as it waits for rooting to occur. If the plant wound is not allowed to be callous, the cutting is very likely to rot before it grows roots.
  3. Apply rooting hormone: Rooting hormone may be necessary to help the cutting root faster. Apply it on the rooting end of the cutting after it has been calloused.
  4. The potting soil must be well-draining: You should get the same type of substrate that you use to grow a String of Pearls. This is the ideal pottage in which your cutting should root.
  5. Water the plant as the soil dries out: Watering the plant is critical to ensure rooting occurs. It is an intensive process for which the plant needs a lot of nutrients. Watering is therefore vital, but one should do it moderately.
  6. Keep it in bright light but away from full sunlight until it establishes itself: The String of Pearls requires abundant sunshine and needs to be positioned in the appropriate amount of light to facilitate rooting and establishment. Be careful about the temperature since it can cause the cutting, which doesn’t have roots to dry up.
  7. Move the new plant to the intended location: You should do this when the plant is finally established.

How To Propagate String Of Pearls In Water

  1. Cut a branch of your String of Pearls with a sharp sterilized knife. The cutting should be at least two inches long with at least two pearls.
  2. Allow your stem cutting to dry by keeping it under a warm shaded place for two to three days.
  3. Get a tight-necked bottle or vase and fill it in water. Take the stem cutting and put it into the bottle without dipping it into the water. This means that you need to allow a small space between the cutting and the water allowing a little space. The reason to allow the distance between the stem and water is that the roots will come out faster as the cutting tries to bridge the gap between itself and the water. This is why the space is necessary to cause the stem ‘sniff’ the water. The roots will proceed towards the water to nourish the plant. 

Keep the bottleneck thin so the leaves can hold the plant aloft, keeping it from submerging.  

Before cutting the bottle, you might find that the lower section where you want the roots to appear has been hardened. The callous can make it difficult for the cutting to transport. You can cut off a small section on the rooting side to make it more sensitive. You should consider making such a cut and make provision for it this length as you size a cutting from the mother plant.

  1. Ensure you change the water every two weeks to keep it fresh until the rooting is complete and the plant is ready to move. You can allow it to grow in water if you don’t want to move it. Suppose gives the String of pearls a unique appearance since the roots are often visible through the bottle or vase.

How To Propagate String Of Pearls In Soil

  1. Cut a branch of your String of Pearls with a sharp sterilized knife. The cutting should be at least two inches long with at least two pearls.
  2. Remove the pearls on the lower part of the cutting and leave it bare. Leave only two or three pearls towards the end. The cutting can root even without pearls.
  3. Allow your stem cutting to dry by keeping it under a warm shaded place for two to three days.
  4. Apply the rooting hormone if you have any
  5. Stick the cutting in the soil and mist it from time to time.

You can also propagate the plant by laying an existing plant on the ground. This happens when you lay the vine around the pot and then put the pegs at various points where you would like roots to appear. You can apply the rooting hormones at the points you would like the roots to appear.

You should keep the cutting from direct sunlight to protect it from being scorched by the sun. Rooting should occur in around two weeks.

When Should You Propagate String Of Pearls?

The best time to propagate String of Pearls is during the plant’s growing season. This is spring and summer; you can start preparing the cuttings at the start of spring.

How to propate string of pearls
String Of Pearls @Fijiplants

String Of Pearls Care

#1. Lighting And Placement

The String of Pearls is a delicate plant requiring sufficient light to thrive. It should be exposed to bright indirect light. Direct sunlight will burn the leaves of the plant and cause discoloration in the leaves. Being a cascading plant, new growers tend to place the plant higher up to marvel at its beauty. The lack of sufficient light can cause stagnant growth on the Strings of Pearls. Having the light source directly above the plant dries the plant’s soil. This reduces the chances of the plant getting root rot.

The String of Pearls s is an indoor succulent and can be placed on any east-facing window sill that receives adequate light. When placed near a window with excess light, keep it a few meters away and provide a tarp to filter some of the light. This ensures the leaves are not scorched. As seen with this plant, too little light will also affect it, so ensure to move it around till you find the best spot for it to grow. The Pearls plant prefers warmer temperatures for it to grow. This is a condition present in its original habitat in Brazil. The Pearls plant is therefore not cold hardy and thus should be brought indoors during winter.

#2. Watering

The String of Pearls is a succulent plant. It, therefore, stores some water in its leaves. Like most other succulents, the ability to keep water on the leaves makes the plant drought-resistant. It is a favorite of plant parents everywhere because it can take long periods of neglect. The fact that it doesn’t need too much care makes it the perfect plant for those who constantly forget to water their succulents due to inexperience or busyness.

Watering is always a sensitive issue when it comes to succulents. Overwatering causes the roots to rot and eventually die. First, ensure the pot you use has drainage holes to release excess water. Also, the soil should be well-draining; any cactus mix soil is ideal. All this is to avoid any instance where water stagnates.

Although the plant generally requires little water, you will need to water it more often in hotter seasons than in colder ones due to evaporation. How easily you manage this aspect of care for your plant will largely be determined by the type of soil on which you have grown your plant. Since there is no one-size-fits-all approach for watering, you will need to determine the need for watering on a moment-by-moment basis.

How do you know your plant needs watering? The topsoil dryness test is always an effective method of knowing whether your plant requires some watering. Insert a finger into the plant’s soil or potting mix to feel whether or not the top two inches of the soil is dry. If dry, your soil needs more water since moisture from the previous drink has dried up.

When you notice the bottom leaves of the plant start to wrinkle and slightly wilt when the plant is severely dehydrated and needs urgent watering.

The best method to water this succulent is the soak and dry it. Insert the plant into a large container filled with water and allow the plant to soak in the water for at least half an hour. After removing the plant, let the excess moisture drain from the drainage holes at the bottom of the container for another half an hour. Water again when the soil is dry. 

Dipping your plant in a tab is more applicable to this plant due to its structure. The leaves start growing right from the base. The leaf canopy above the soil makes it difficult from above without wetting the leaves; wet leaves make the plant susceptible to the growth of fungi.

We are always cautious about giving a definite watering schedule even for the various seasons because the environmental conditions are a significant factor in how well the soil can retain water. Ambient temperature, for example, determines how fast water in the soil evaporates. Even in the same seasons, this temperature varies from place to place.

#3. Soil

Like most succulents, a light, well-draining soil: The strings of Pearls s thrive in premixed cacti and succulent soil mixtures. The mixture together with sand and perlite is ideal for this plant.

This plant does not require repotting as it has a shallow root system. Beginners usually mistake over-potting (placing the plant in a more extensive than necessary pot). This will cause you to overwater the plant leading to root rot.

#4. Fertilizers

The Strings of Pearls s do not require a lot of feeding as it gets most of its nutrients from the soil. Occasionally feeding this plant helps it maintain its vigor and colorful leaves. It helps keep the strength of the vines as they grow. A liquid-based fertilizer is best for this plant. Fertilize during the spring to summer months when the plant is actively growing. Dilute the liquid fertilizer to half its average concentration. This ensures that you do not cause a build-up of soil in the soil. Such a build-up causes burns in the roots and fragile stem of the Strings of Pearls s.

#5. Pruning And Grooming

This plant requires minimal care. When pruning the Pearls plant, prune out the top of some stems to reduce vine growth. Focus on removing dead or damaged foliage and make it a priority to remove stems that are quite large. Beware also that too much pruning can make it lose its lush, bushy appearance making it look spindly (long and thin). Too much grooming may cause permanent damage to the plant if done wrong.

Pest And Diseases

The Pearls plant is pest resistant for the most part, although it can be attacked by sap-sapping insects such as the mealy bugs. Using neem oil on the leaves is useful for you to eliminate these tiny pests. If you use an insecticide, ensure you dilute it to half the recommended concentration to avoid damaging the plant. The chemicals used in the insecticide can scorch the leaves if applied directly.

You can reduce the possibility of your plant being infested with pests by keeping it healthy. Healthy plants can repel the pests more effectively, but hungry plants are usually vulnerable to these pests. Isolate any plant in your Mediterranean garden infested by any pest to keep it from infecting others.

Besides using chemical pesticides, you can cure your infested plant as follows. You can rub the infected parts with alcohol with 70% concentration. Take a piece of cotton wool, dip it into the alcohol, and dab the amount of the plant with the said infestation. You can also use chemical pesticides, but it is better to use organic pesticides.

If you notice an infestation, you could apply the following organic pesticides.

  1. Neem oil: Unlike the other pesticides listed below, neem oil is a systemic pesticide. It gets into the plant and poisons it against the bugs so that they don’t survive or reproduce when they attack the plant. Pure Neem Oil is made from the neem plant. Therefore, it is entirely natural and not harmful to humans.
  2. Hot pepper spray: Hot pepper is quite irritating when it gets on your skin and eyes, and it has the same effects on the bugs infesting your succulents. Spray it carefully on the affected parts to protect your skin and eyes.
  3. Garlic spray: A concentrated garlic spray can have the same effects on the bugs as pepper spray. You can manufacture the garlic spray by crushing garlic cloves and putting them in hot water. Put just a little hot water so the end product is concentrated enough to destroy the pests. Remove the garlic residue, put the pesticide in a sprayer, and spray away on the infected parts of the plant.

Always spray a small part of the plant with the pesticide you want to use before spraying on the whole plant. This precaution applies when using contact pesticides, i.e., hot pepper and garlic. You need to see the plant’s reaction before you spray it all. You can reduce concentration if the test shows the plant’s reacting adverse effects on the pesticide.

Root rot is the disease most likely disease to attack this plant. The following are some key indicators that this condition may affect your plant.

The following indications indicate that your plant may have root rot.

  1. Slow or No Growth: This plant’s growth is slow, but it should be steady. If you find that it is not growing, it may be an indication that the plant is experiencing root rot. Slow growth may also show that your Strings of Pearl require some more light, so you should look out for more signs to be sure. 
  2. Yellow leaves: if the leaves start yellowing from below and the soil is soggy, your plant is overwatered. Yellow leaves may also signal severe dehydration.
  3. Mushy stems: A mush stem shows that your plant has root rot. It may be too late to salvage the plant when the branch has become mushy. You can instead use the still healthy parts of the stem to propagate and get new plants.
  4. Stinky pottage: If you notice that your substrate is producing an unusual odor, like that of rotting organic matter.
  5. Brown or Yellow Pearls: A healthy String of Pearls should have green pearls, which are also pulpy. If you find the pearls are yellow or brown, it is an indication that your plant may be suffering from root rot.
  6. Shriveled leaves: Root rot makes it impossible for your plant to transport water. The resultant low water content in the plant causes the leaves to wither and shrivel up.

All these signs of root rot can also be signs of other problems. Therefore, if you notice them, smell the soil to see if there is a whiff of decomposing organic matter.

In its early stages, you can reverse the effects of root rot by reducing watering, but it may be too late to save the plant if the disease is too advanced. If the plant is too far gone, you can use the unaffected parts to make cuttings for propagation.

Read More: String of Pearls Root Rot and How to Deal With It

How To Propagate String Of Pearls FAQ

Can you propagate a String of pearls from one leaf? It may not be easy to propagate Spring of Pearls from a single leaf owing to the structure of the leaf.

Final Words

This plant is relatively easy to propagate but can be a little fussy to care for. Taking good care of the plant, however, will give you an excellent decorative plant that is unique.

ABOUT ME

Richard Miller

Salute everyone. It's Richard, the author of this Succulent & Xeriscaping blog. I am a traveler and a nature lover looking for a connection with the wild green. In my journey, I found a love for succulents and xeriscaping. What attracts me is the long-lasting & unique beauty of every plant I have the chance to see with my own eyes. Welcome to my little blog and let's enjoy a good time together!

Contact me: richard.succulentcity@gmail.com

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