A Thorough Guide On How To Propagate Air Plants

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Are you someone with the ambition of growing yourself an entire air plant garden from a few members at the beginning? This post is just suitable for your adventure. Air plants, or Tillandsia, are popular indoor plants that are simple to propagate. To be more specific, there are 2 main methods to propagate air plants: offset propagation and seed propagation. Let’s learn how to execute these methods by reading this step-by-step guide!

Understand The Way Air Plants Reproduce

It’s a pretty amazing process. An air plant shows off its brilliant flowers by blooming once in its lifetime. But the magic doesn’t stop there! First, the flowers attract natural pollinators (like birds or insects) and create seeds. After the flowers fade, the plant prepares to bring new life through tiny clones, affectionately known as “pups.” Based on these natural processes, we have the 2 following propagation methods related to pups and seeds.

Further explanations: 

  • The natural seed reproduction process: Once pollinated, air plant flowers produce hundreds of seeds encased in pods. Upon maturity, these lightweight, fluffy seeds disperse via wind and germinate wherever they land, usually in tree crevices or on other plants, growing into new air plants. This process, though slower than pup formation, helps increase genetic diversity.
  • The natural pup reproduction process: Air plant pups sprout from the parent’s base, growing attached or being separated for independent growth when they’re about a third to half the parent’s size. As these pups mature, they bloom and produce their pups, continuing the life cycle. The plant world truly is full of beautiful surprises!

A beautiful visual demonstration from AirPlantShop Youtube Channel

Read more:

Diving Into 2 Primary Methods For Propagating Air Plants

Method 1: Offsets/ Pups

Offsets are miniature versions of the parent plant that grow from the base of the plant. So, when should you expect the pups or offsets to appear? Following its initial bloom, an air plant begins reproduction by generating a small “pup” at its base, a process that can range from six months to several years. Raising air plants requires patience as they grow at their unique pace. These pups, once matured, will bloom and reproduce, contributing to your plant collection. For optimal growth, pups should remain with the mother plant until they reach at least a third to half its size.

Here’s how you can propagate air plants using offsets:

  1. Locate the offsets on the parent plant.
  2. Wait for the offsets to grow to at least one-third of the parent plant.
  3. Use your finger to remove the offsets from the parent plant gently.
  4. Plant each offset in a new container using well-draining soil.
  5. Mist the new plants lightly, and place them in a bright, indirect light.

Offsets are another way to propagate air plants. These miniature versions of the parent plant grow from the base of the plant, and you can propagate them by gently removing them from the parent plant using your fingers. Please wait for the offsets to grow to the above size before planting them in a new container with well-draining soil. Mist the new plants lightly and place them in a bright, indirect light. As I said, this method is the most popular and accessible when propagating an air plant.

A related Reddit thread:

Is it necessary to remove pups/ offsets when performing this method?

No, it’s unnecessary unless you want to grow separate air plants in different containers. Leaving the offsets to grow with the mother plant is a natural way. Instead of growing separate air plants, you can grow a bigger group of air plants this way.

Method 2: Seed Propagation

Seed propagation is a more complicated method of propagating air plants. In other words, I have to say it’s much less preferable than the above method. If you are a beginner or an impatient air plant grower, I recommend something other than this method. However, it’s a must-try thing for all gardeners 🙂 Here’s how you can propagate air plants using seed propagation:

  1. Collect seed pods from the parent plant.
  2. Allow the seed pods to dry for a few days.
  3. Remove the seeds from the pods.
  4. Fill a container with well-draining soil.
  5. Sprinkle the seeds on top of the soil.
  6. Mist the soil lightly, and place the container in a bright, indirect light.
  7. Wait for the seeds to germinate.

Remember to place the container in bright, indirect sunlight and wait for the germination. While this method requires more effort and patience, it can be a fun and rewarding way to propagate air plants.

Should We Accelerate This Process By Using Air Plant Fertilizers? 

Absolutely, using fertilizer on air plants can be beneficial and can help promote growth, enhance color, and increase the frequency of blooms. While air plants can survive without additional fertilizing, providing nutrients can significantly affect their overall health and vitality.

However, it’s essential to remember that air plants are sensitive to over-fertilization. They have a specific need for a water-soluble fertilizer designed for epiphytic plants or bromeliads. You can usually find these in gardening stores or online. The fertilizer should be diluted to 1/4 of the recommended strength to avoid over-fertilization.

Typically, air plants benefit from fertilizing once a month. It would be best if you incorporated this into your regular watering schedule by adding fertilizer to the water during one of your regular waterings every one or two months.

To summarize, yes, using a specialized fertilizer on air plants can be very beneficial, but remember to do so sparingly to avoid any damage to these delicate plants.


Above all, propagating air plants is easy and fun. Whether you choose offset or seed propagation, I hope you can effortlessly grow healthy new air plants!

Is this simple guide helpful to you? We’d love to hear from you, so don’t hesitate to leave any comments/questions! For more related guides on caring for air plants, see below:

Succulent City chief editor


Succulent City

Hey everyone! Welcome to Succulent City! We are all about succulents, cacti, and a bit about air plants. Ten years back, in 2013, we began the journey with succulents. It started as a simple hobby, crafting and selling charming succulent-themed pins and decorations. But as time passed, our fascination with these remarkable plants grew, and we gained extensive knowledge about them. Therefore, Succulent City is the blog as you see it is now. Enjoy your visit and happly planting!

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