Crassula ovata is also referred to as a jade plant, and it is native to South Africa. Crassula Ovata is an evergreen succulent with plump, round leaves. It requires plenty of light and water to thrive indoors or outdoors. Propagating and caring for Crassula ovata is not all that difficult. You do not need to know much about succulents to propagate, water, and maintain your jade plant. Follow the guidelines in this article, and you will be fine.
How To Propagate Jade Plant From Leaves
Propagating Crassula ovata from leaf cuttings is relatively easy, but there is a higher tendency to fail compared to stem cuttings. It is because the leaf establishes and grows in a somewhat long time.
To make a new succulent from a single Crassula ovata leaf, choose any suitable leaf to cut. It would be best to go for younger, average-sized leaves because they can easily adjust once you remove them from a stem.
Use a knife to cut off the leaf and keep the leaf in a cool and dry place for the wound to dry. If you do not dry the injury from the leaf cut to dry, you risk rotting and damaging the roots.
You will notice small roots protruding from the wound after a few weeks, and the leaf will start shrinking. This phenomenon is normal and indicates that the roots are getting energy and water from the leaf to form the roots.
The next step is to place the leaf in a quick-draining soil, preferably prepared from a perlite and sand mixture. Do not water frequently to prevent the young roots from rotting. Once you start seeing the leaves’ wrinkles, that indicates the succulent is getting water from the leaves because the soil is dry. Water the succulent at this point.
Once the roots are established, a small leaf and stem will start growing from the leaf.
How To Propagate Jade Plant From Stem
You can grow Crassula ovata from stem cuttings by removing a branch or part of the stem from the parent succulent and letting the cut bit produce a new succulent.
The procedure is a bit tricky, so let us break it down.
To start with, choose a stem that is at least 2 inches long. When selecting the stem section to cut, put the appearance into consideration. An unattractive section of the cut bit will keep showing until the stem grows large enough to conceal it.
Also, make sure the cutting you choose complements the appearance of the parent succulent.
Next, cut a stem section above the part where leaves are attached to the stem (a node). Ensure that the cut section is at least a node above the cut with an internode (a portion of the stem with no leaves).
Remove any leaf close to the cut end of the stem. It is to prevent the leaves from drawing energy from the roots. Also, cutting does not need leaves.
Keep the cutting in a cool and dry spot, away from direct sunlight. Ensure the wound of the cut is completely dry before removing it from that position to prevent rotting.
You can plant the cutting once small roots come out of the hardened cut end just after a couple of weeks. Place the stem in a pot with good drainage so the soil dries out quickly. Ensure that the potting soil does not contain organic matter that is capable of causing rot.
Also, ensure you closely monitor the leaves once you pot the stem. If the leaves start having wrinkles, it is a sign that they are suffering from dehydration. At this point, water the plant. Like propagating from leaf cuttings, ensure you water the stem cutting occasionally to prevent rot and enhance the roots’ resilience.
How To Propagate Jade Plant In Water
- Cut a part of your Jade plant’s stem with a sharp sterilized knife. The cutting should be at least two inches long with at least two leaves. If you want to use a leaf, pull out a leaf from your jade plant at the base. You should remove the leaf with the stalk that connects it to the stem. The following steps apply equally whether you propagate by leaf or by stem.
- Allow your leaf or stem cutting to dry by keeping it warm and shaded for two to three days.
- Get a tight-necked bottle or vase and fill it with water. Take the stem cutting or leaf and put it into the bottle without dipping it into the water, allowing a little space. The reason to allow the distance between the stem/leaf and water is that the roots will come out faster as the cutting tries to bridge the gap between itself and water. Keep the bottleneck thin to keep your cutting from getting submerged in water.
Before putting the plant in water, you might find that the lower section where you want the roots to appear has hardened so much that water might find it hard to seep through due to dried-up sap. You can cut off a small section on the rooting side to make it more sensitive.
- Ensure you change the water every two weeks to keep it fresh until the rooting is complete and the plant is ready to be moved. You can allow it to continue growing in water if you don’t want to move it.
How to Make Crassula Ovata Bloom
For the Crassula Ovata to bloom, it needs to have a minimum of four hours of sunlight every day. But then, do not expose younger succulents to that amount of the sun. South and western-facing windows are great spots for your succulents to get an adequate supply of sunlight daily.
Crassula ovata grows best at a temperature range of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. During the winter, the temperature should be about 55 degrees Fahrenheit.
During the autumn, ensure you keep your succulent indoors when the temperature falls below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. It is because Crassula ovata is not frost-tolerant.
When it comes to watering, the Crassula ovata plant needs more water during the summer and spring. During this period, the succulent is actively growing, making it require more moisture.
While the water demand is relatively high during this period, ensure you do not overwater the plant. Give the soil a few days to get dried before watering again. Depending on how fast the soil dries out, you may have to water the succulent weekly or monthly.
The growth of your succulents will be slow or halted temporarily during the fall and winter. You do not need to water your succulents during this period frequently.
When watering, ensure that water does not splash on the leaves of your jade plant to prevent rot, especially in a humid environment.
Also, Crassula ovata is sensitive to saltwater, so use only distilled or filtered water for your watering.
If your succulent starts shedding its leaves or has a brown color, that is a sign of increasing your watering frequency. On the other hand, you should reduce your watering frequency if the succulents’ leaves are becoming squishy and plump.
Besides water and light, Crassula Ovata also needs to be fed to grow well. A mixture of any liquid houseplant fertilizer or a specially formulated fertilizer for succulents will help your jade plant thrive.
Crassula ovata is native to dry environments and should be watered with care to avoid rot and dehydration. Also, ensure that you do not use soil with a large organic matter concentration that absorbs water to grow your Crassula ovata.
As we pointed out above, you can use a parent Crassula ovata plant to propagate other younger plants and ensure that the plants and cuttings are healthy to get the best yield.
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