How To Care For Kalanchoe Plants (An Overall Guide)

How To Care For Kalanchoe Plants Image

If you are looking for a beautiful flowering plant, it is undeniable that various options are available. Each plant has its own story and beautiful features. Depending on your needs, time, and environment, you can find the perfect plant for you. Succulent, specifically Kalanchoe, is among the most popular flowering house plants. They have lovely, vibrant, and full colors that will surely capture the eyes of new plant lovers. If you wonder how to care for outdoor Kalanchoe plant care, this article is your comprehensive guide. Continue reading this article and get to know more about this unique plant.

Origin

Currently, about 120 species of succulent plants make up the Kalanchoe genus. The majority of the species originated from Madagascar and tropical Africa. Generally, Kalanchoes are easy to grow as house plants that survive with enough direct or indirect bright sunlight. Usually, most Kalanchoes are also perennial and have thick waxy leaves.

Morphological Features of Kalanchoe Plants

This plant is trendy for its bright-colored flowers in shades of red, magenta, yellow, orange, and even white. Various Kalanchoe plants are available such as Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana and Calandiva. Another attractive Kalanchoe is also grown for its attractive leaves instead of flowers. This includes Kalanchoe Thyrisflora, an unusual paddle plant, and Kalanchoe Pumila, a powdery-leaved fower dust plant. Generally, Kalanchoe is low maintenance, can survive and thrive in any environment, and known for its physical appearance. Even with little care, Kalanchoe plant care indoors and Kalanchoe plant care outdoors are relatively easy to accomplish.

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Kalanchoe Varieties

  • Kalanchoe Thyrisflora – This plant is often confused with Kalanchoe Luciae. It has grayish-green leaves with red margins that form a basal fleshy rosette. Kalanchoe Thyrisflora is also commonly known as Paddle Plant. It is a rare succulent that is native to South Africa and Botswana.
  • Kalanchoe Pumila – This variety of succulents is also known as Flower Dust Plant. It has color silver and oblong leaves with a waxy or hairy coat. When it blooms, it produces small pink flowers. Due to its gorgeous appearance, this plant is often added to rock gardens.
  • Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana Calandiva – This variety is native to Madagascar. It is a long-flowering perennial plant with flat, glossy, and green leaves. It blooms beautiful bright flowers in red and pink shades. This plant is known to be bushy with dense clusters of showy double flowers.
  • Kalanchoe Delagoensis – This succulent plant has arching branches, variegated fleshy green leaves, and yellow to cream-toned irregular markings. During the spring, it blooms with urn-shaped pale red to pink flowers. Kalanchoe Delagoensis is also commonly known as Chandelier Plant.
  • Kalanchoe Tomentosa –  This succulent plant is mainly grown due to its tiny and colorful flowers. This type of plant is also known as flaming Katy, panda plant, or window’s thrill.

How to Grow Kalanchoe

  • Sunlight – Giving full bright sunlight to your Kalanchoe helps your plant’s growth. If placed indoors, it is advisable to put it in an east or west-facing window, especially during the summer season, and in a south-facing window during winter.
  • Water – Make sure that you are not overwatering your Kalanchoe. It is better to water sparingly than to overwater your plant. Most succulents do not survive overwatering more than underwatering. Overwatering can cause root rot and other diseases to your Kalanchoe. When the few centimeters of topsoil are already dry, it is a sign to water your plant already.
  • Pot – If you want your Kalanchoe to last longer, it is advisable to re-pot once the plant is already more significant than the hour-current container. It is vital to have a pot with a few inches allowance. Aside from the pot’s size, it is also essential to check if there are enough draining holes at the bottom of your pot. Draining holes is essential to avoid overwatering and the water to flow continuously out of your pot.
  • Soil – To ensure your plant’s growth, add fresh peat-free multi-purpose compost, house plant, or cactus compost. It is also ideal for adding vermiculite, perlite, or horticultural grit to the compost to make it more draining.
  • Feeding – Kalanchoe is easy to take care of as it is low maintenance. Aside from the mentioned tips above, you may also feed your Kalanchoe. Feed your plant once a month during spring and summer.
  • Temperature and Humidity – Because Kalanchoes are native to tropical and subtropical climates, they also require an outdoor temperature of around 45 degrees Fahrenheit and higher. The ideal temperature is from 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Higher temperatures can already cause problems for your Kalanchoes. On the other hand, the humidity level should be maintained from 75 to 85 percent. Higher humidity levels can cause loss of leaves, yellow spots, and damaged flower buds.
  • Repotting – Like how you re-pot your other plants, the ideal time to re-pot your Kalanchoes is when the plant grows more extensively than the pot already. You may do this by filling a larger container with 2 inches of gravel for drainage. Transfer your plant carefully to its new pot. Make sure that you take extra care around the root area.
  • Pruning – Kalanchoes are naturally low maintenance; they might not even need frequent pruning, unlike other plants. It is ideal for pruning your Kalanchoes to keep their size and shape during their blooming season. You may do this by pinching off any dead or dying leaves, branches, or stems.

How to Propagate Kalanchoe

This type of plant is straightforward to propagate. You may propagate through stem or leaf cuttings.

Propagation by cuttings

  • Choose a leaf or stem to cut. Ensure that the cuttings have at least 2 leaves, and do not take any stems with flowers on them.
  • Use a clean knife or blade to cut the stem off, or you may also use your fingers to snap off your chosen cuttings.
  • Let the cuttings heal for at least 2 to 3 days or until they are calloused.
  • Plant the cuttings in a well-draining soil mixture. Ideally, you must keep the soil damp within 2 to 3 weeks.

Propagation by seeds

  • Propagating through seedings is not recommended as it takes many years to know if you succeeded.
  • Propagation through seeds takes more time and patience.
  • You may keep your soil moist after planting the seeds until they germinate.
  • To successfully follow this method, make sure that you plant the seeds in a well-draining soil mixture
  • Better to place your pot indoors or in a more relaxed place.

Propagation by division

  • Lift your Kalanchoe gently with a garden fork. It would help if you worked outwards from its crown’s center to avoid root damage. Make sure to remove the excess soil.
  • You may also use a sharp knife, ax, or lawn edging iron.
  • Plant the division as soon as possible and ensure you water them appropriately.
  • You may replant the division in the same spot, or it can be the perfect opportunity to replant your Kalanchoe in a better location or improve your garden.

How to Make Kalanchoe Bloom Again

To trick your Kalanchoes into blooming again, place the plant in a warm location. Do not feed your plant for 6 weeks. Once you see flower buds, move the plant to an area with better lighting, and you may also resume watering. It is also advisable to feed your plant during the spring season.

How To Care For Kalanchoe

How to Care for Kalanchoe
Photo by @gabriellagelmi via Instagram

Kalanchoe Plant Care Indoors

If chosen to place indoors, ensure your Kalanchoe plant is getting enough light to bloom. Keep your plant inside a room with enough bright and natural light. Avoid giving direct sunlight to your Kalanchoe, as it can damage the plant. You may place your plant by the window sill for abundant sunlight and the proper shade needed by your plant. You may also use grow light to suffice the light required by your Kalanchoe plant; however, it is not always advisable. Too much exposure to artificial light can hinder your plant from blooming.

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Kalanchoe Plant Care Outdoors

Outdoors Kalanchoe plant care is not complex at all. They have low water needs, whether planted indoors or outdoors. The plants can stand some drought but do not let the soil be too dry. Kalanchoe can grow outdoors in regions with warm or mild winters. The climate needs of each Kalanchoe plant differ for them to survive. Avoid any locations with intense sunlight, especially during midday. This could be very harmful to your Kalanchoe plant. You may plant each Kalanchoe at least 8 to 10 inches apart to give them enough space to grow in full bloom.

Common Problems

Among the common problems experienced by Kalanchoes are brown patches, wilting, and soft brown stems. You may easily detect problems in your plant with enough observation of irregular discoloration and wilting. Usually, you may want to check on your Kalanchoes’ sunlight and watering schedules to avoid further damage. Another critical factor that affects your Kalanchoe’s health is the temperature. Too low temperatures can cause the blooms to become soft and damaged.

Pests and Diseases

Kalanchoes might experience a variety of pests, such as mealybugs, spider mites, and scale. These pests are tiny and complex to see with your bare eyes. Among the common symptoms to watch out for are yellow to brown speckled leaves and dry-out leaves. In terms of possible diseases, powdery mildew is among the most common ones. However, identical to those tiny pests, it might be hard to notice this initially. To avoid any of those unwanted pests and diseases, make sure that you are not overwatering your Kalanchoes.

Conclusion

All in all, we hope this article helps you to get to know more about Kalanchoe plants. There are a variety of Kalanchoe plants available for you. You may choose depending on colors, sizes, etc. This plant is generally famous for being low maintenance and easy to care for. If you are looking for a beautiful flowering plant with vibrant colors, Kalanchoe plants might be perfect for you. It can be placed indoors and outdoors, so you do not need to worry about ample space. We hope this article helps you understand how to care for Kalanchoe plants. As you continue to look into different plant types, we hope you stay actively curious about various plants. As a future plant parent, you must learn to take good care of your selected plant. Good luck with your next plant, baby!

Succulent City chief editor

ABOUT ME

Succulent City

Hey everyone! Welcome to Succulent City! We are all about succulents, cacti, and a bit about air plants. Ten years back, in 2013, we began the journey with succulents. It started as a simple hobby, crafting and selling charming succulent-themed pins and decorations. But as time passed, our fascination with these remarkable plants grew, and we gained extensive knowledge about them. Therefore, Succulent City is the blog as you see it is now. Enjoy your visit and happly planting!

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Posted in Succulents