The Haworthia coarctata is a somewhat strange but well-known plant species in the world of succulents. It has medium-sized stems, reaching 11 inches, composed of rosettes of column-shaped growth. Its leaves are fleshy and mottled; that is, they are dotted with white pigmentation. If this plant is kept in a place where it receives a lot of sunlight, its leaves take on a reddish pigmentation, giving them a tanned appearance.
Haworthia coarctata tend to have leafy stems and are very easy to grow as they withstand extreme conditions and do not require great care. This succulent forms dense clusters of generally unbranched leaves arranged in a spiral around its stem. In early spring, this succulent can flower, developing not very dense clusters of tubular white flowers.
Aside from this plant’s stunning appearance, what’s also good about your Haworthia coarctata is that it is considered not toxic to animals and humans. This is good news, especially for plant lovers with children and pets.
Growing Plant Indoors
If you want to grow indoors, it should be placed in a room with plenty of natural light. An ideal place can be near the window but not directly in front of it to avoid sunburn. Something important to remember is that we must periodically turn the pot to get the same amount of light from uniformly to other parts of the plant.
Suppose it is considered to leave this plant indoors. In that case, we must bear in mind that it is imperative that the container where it is found has adequate drainage and not allow in any scenario that there is an accumulation of water under it. If we use a dish underneath, we must remove the excess water as soon as possible after watering to avoid any disease in the plant and rotting its roots.
When our does not have adequate drainage and leaves accumulations of water, a useful tip is to add a layer of gravel to the bottom of it to reduce water absorption into the ground.
Haworthia Coarctata Care For Both Indoor & Outdoor
#1. Indoor Care For Haworthia Coarctata
In case of growing it outdoors, it is good to place the Haworthia coarctata in a partially shaded place, such as under larger plants or some roofed area such as balconies. A place where it can receive enough light to be comfortable but not be in danger of being burned by prolonged direct sun exposure. If the plant receives a lot of natural light, it shows some signs, such as an orange pigmentation and a very characteristic dryness in its leaves; besides, it also slows its growth.
Hence, you have to be careful and watch out for any of these symptoms to take action, either by moving it around or looking to protect it from the Sun in its current position. Although these plants are tolerant of a wide range of soils and habitats, they prefer a highly porous, non-acidic soil mix for good drainage.
#2. Outdoor Care For Haworthia Coarctata
Haworthia coarctata growth is relatively slow, creating freely displaced clusters around the main stem. Generally, this species of succulents are grown in shallow and relatively wide dishes. As the mother plant produces small cuttings, they will slowly expand and multiply around her. When the time comes when they need more space, you should transplant it around early spring.
At this time, we can also take some cuttings to propagate them. It is advisable to carry out this transplant process approximately every two years. This process gives us different advantages; first, we can regenerate the soil and help the natural growth of our Haworthia Coarctata. Second, we can check our succulent health; if we observe, for example, grayish colorations in the roots, it means that it has a fungal infection.
By doing a transplant, we can treat this infection and eliminate the most infected branches.
Aside from proper sunlight, your Haworthia coarctata do not need much to grow. Feeding fertilizer to your succulents might not even be required. Fertilizer might help if you want to provide an additional source of nutrients to your plant.
The ideal temperature for your Haworthia coarctata is between 75 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit. But in the case of extreme conditions, this type of succulent can tolerate as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit. During the winter season, it is advisable to place your Haworthia coarctata indoors to have a suitable temperature.
The propagation of this plant can be through seeds or suckers. If you want to use seeds, they can be sown in special trays for seedlings or, failing that; we can use pots wider than tall. The most recommended soil to use in these cases is a universal growing substrate mixed in equal parts with perlite to have good drainage. It is essential to avoid that the seeds are too close together when distributing them in our tray or pot; otherwise, they will not be able to germinate well.
When we have spread our bases, we must cover them with a thin layer of the same substrate, although we can also use some drier soil or even sand to imitate succulents’ natural environment. Once our seeds are well covered, we must sensibly water them, moistening all the earth well. Finally, place our seedbed or pot outside, in a partially shaded place, or, failing that, inside our home near a heat source; the seeds should germinate in about 15 days.
Another way to propagate this plant is through cuttings. This way is the fastest and most effective. We must separate them from the mother plant when they have easy to manipulate and some roots. From there, we plant in individual pots in nutrient-rich soil to help create a rooting faster.
Propagate By Offsets
Lastly, in terms of propagation, you may also propagate your Haworthia coarctata by offsets. To do this, remove the offsets from the mother plant. You may use your hands or a clean, sharp knife. When using your hands, make sure you use gloves to avoid being cut by the succulent spines. After removing the offsets, do not forget to let them be calloused for 2 to 3 days. You are letting the offsets calloused will avoid fungi and bacteria build-up. Once calloused, you may now plant the offsets on well-draining soil.
Haworthia Coarctata- Much More To Know
The Haworthia Coarctata are succulents that need a situation. Although it can be a little more exposed than other succulents so that its leaves grow compactly and with the attractive tan pigment, it should not be excessive, with only some intense and indirect rays. This plant will grow healthy, compact, and with the particular reddish tint that characterizes it.
It is worth mentioning that we cannot be cautious with light since if our plant does not receive enough light, it will begin to grow and lengthen in a strange way looking for sunlight. For this, it is vital that it gets enough natural light indirectly and avoids excessively shady places.
The watering of our succulents should not be too excessive, and they should not have much humidity. During the hot summer months, we must keep the soil moderately humid to prevent our plant from drying out; these are their flowering months, and they will need to stay hydrated to stay healthy. During the cold winter months, water should only be provided when the soil is arid. If the earth or its roots are kept moist during the winter, it can quickly cause root and stem rot.
When we are overwatering our Haworthia Coarctata, it will begin to soften its leaves and become weak. In case of having soft leaves, we must cut these carefully and reduce the watering frequency for a few days. Haworthia coarctata are very resistant to pests; therefore, we only have to keep vigilant against mealybugs, snails, and slugs. These being small plants, mealybugs can be treated by rubbing the affected area with a brush soaked in alcohol.
By this article’s end, we hope you are now more prepared to take good care of your Haworthia coarctata. Thank you for reading through and being open about the different succulents available for you. As a plant parent or an inspiring one, we hope that you continue to get yourself updated about the different proper plant care tips and be more responsible plant parents. I can’t wait to see your house plants bloom!
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