Graptopetalum Superbum

Graptopetalum Superbum Image

Being a plant enthusiast requires a lot of effort and discipline. But it doesn’t mean that it is not worthy. Having house plants added life, color and improved air quality in our surroundings. Aside from the benefits of having a house plant, some people even take good care of plants to be mentally healthy. As we know, we live in isolation due to the pandemic, and many people look for various hobbies such as planting. There is a wide selection of plants available. Still, succulents are popular, especially for new plant lovers, as they are easy to take good care of and mostly survive in any environment. Continue reading this article and learn about a different kind of succulent, Graptopetalum Superbum.

  • Sunlight: this plant requires full sunlight.
  • Watering: frequent watering during the summer months.
  • Temperature: 65°F to 75°F.
  • Soil: excellent drainage is encouraged to be the planting soil.
  • Propagation: propagated from offsets, seeds and leaves.
  • Toxicity: non-toxic for humans and pests.

Origin and Features Graptopetalum Superbum

This plant is formerly known as Graptopetalum Pentrandum and is native to Mexico. It is a non-toxic plant for humans and animals, but it is advisable to wear gloves when touching them as some people are sensitive to the oils it produces. This plant is a type of succulent that comes from the Crassulaceae family. It has pale gray to lavender thick fleshy leaves. Graptopetalum Superbum rosettes are open, flat, and up to 5 inches in diameter. The plant may grow up to 2 feet tall during late winter to early spring.

Graptopetalum Superbum has multi-branched inflorescences, small, star-shaped flowers with yellow-green petals and red marking on the tips. Well-grown and blooming Graptopetalum Superbum will eventually develop a low-spreading colony. This type of plant is lovely and commonly used for groundcovers, hanging baskets, containers, or spilling over walls. This Graptopetalum plant is very popular in rock, succulent, and Mediterranean gardens. Its beautiful color pops up in any house plant collection and garden. Aside from its appearance, this plant is also very popular because it is easy to grow and be placed indoors or outdoors.

Water and Soil Requirements

Porous soil with excellent drainage is encouraged to be the planting soil for Graptopetalum Superbum. It requires frequent watering during the summer months. Just make sure that you allow the water to drain thoroughly and let the soil dry out in between watering. Letting the solid of your Graptopetalum Superbum dry and drain properly is essential to avoid root rot and pest infestations. Less watering is required during the winter months.

water drops on graptopetalum superbum leaves
Photo by @umutluseyyah via Instagram

Ideal Sunlight and Temperature

Like most succulents, this one requires full sunlight to maintain its healthy and bloom beautifully. Its beautiful gray-lavender color will show in full daylight. It thrives in heat and tolerates drought. Graptopetalum Superbum prefers temperatures between 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit, although it may still survive in tolerate temperatures such as between 80-90 degrees Fahrenheit. It also likes humidity levels of 50% – 80%.

Fertilizer

You may feed fertilizer to this plant every once a year during its growing season. Don’t forget to dilute the fertilizer to ¼ strength before providing it to your plant. It is recommended to wait for the new leaves to grow before feeding your Graptopetalum Superbum.

Potting and Repotting

The best time to pot or repot your plant is in spring and summer, which is the plant’s growing season. The size of the pot is vital in both potting and repotting. Often, you would be repotting because the previous pot has become too small for your plant, therefore, always ensure the pot is about four inches wider than the total width of your Graptopetalum Superbum, whether potting or repotting.

Also, your pot should have enough drainage holes to ensure that the soil you plant pot is well-drained for this sensitive succulent. Add some gravel to the bottom of the pot before adding the substrate; it will reduce waterlogging. You should use a commercial cactus mix for the substrate. It is rich enough for the plant and mixed to drain quickly.

Remove the plant gently from the previous pot if you are repotting, and remove the soil that clings to the roots as gently as possible to avoid damaging the roots. Clip any sections of the roots that may appear diseased. Plant your succulent in the new pot and place it in a bright place, keep the soil moist to ensure growth. 

Pruning

Pruning helps to keep the plant beautiful and healthy. Also, it can manipulate the plant’s growth in a certain way. For example, removing dead and excess leaves can leave the plant looking fresh while removing other leaves at the bottom of the plant allows the plant to branch.

Pruning for the growth of side shoots is known as a topping, and it increases your plant’s overall health and appearance.

Pests and Diseases and Common Problems

Graptopetalum Superbum is susceptible to various pests, including mealybug, aphids, spider mites, scale insects, and fungus gnats can be found on the plant, and they feed on the foliage. You can avoid infestation using natural methods such as keeping the plant healthy and well-resourced.

It is also advisable to isolate a plant when you notice an infestation. Treating it in isolation will keep other plants from getting the pests. One can also apply neem oil which is a systemic pesticide, it works by making your succulent unpalatable to pests. Use contact pesticides if the plant is already affected. The best of these pesticides are made organically, such as pepper spray and garlic. You can also use pyrethrum-based cures and mild liquid dish soap.  Adding a layer of sand to the topsoil is also avoiding these pests.

The plant can also be affected by fungal or bacterial infections. Black spots on leaves characterize bacterial and fungal infections. If you notice these spots, remove the affected area immediately to avoid the spread of the infection, you can also report your plant for a fresh one.

If you notice yellowish or red spots on your plant, it is getting attacked by rust. Dub the infected parts with alcohol with a 70% concentration.

Yellow Leaves

If you don’t mitigate this problem, it may lead to the death of your plant. Yellow leaves show that your plant is either overwatered or underfed. It is easy to determine which problem is the cause through the elimination method. Dip your finger into the substrate; if the water is soggy, your plant is overwatered and could suffer from root rot. Stop watering and drain off the extra water from the pottage. On the other hand, if the soil is not soggy, your plan needs additional nutrients in the soil. Feed it using suitable fertilizer.

Curling Leaves

This plant’s leaves are Graptopetalum Superbum’s most attractive quality. If the leaves curl, assuming an unnatural position, your plant will lose its appeal. Leaves curl when your plant is overwatered or not getting adequate light. Check the amount of water in the soil and reduce it as necessary. You should move the plant to a window sill to get adequate sunlight. The leaves will return to normal soon as you change the conditions.

How To Propagate Graptopetalum superbum

How to Propagate by Leaves

Cutting soil the leaves off just about an inch or two above where it connects with the stem. Allow the leaf cuttings to callous for two to three days before planting. Choose a well-draining soil and water it a bit before plating the leaf cuttings. Allow it to grow for 6-8 weeks until they have the first batch of fully rooted Graptopetalum Superbum. Remove your newly planted Graptopetalum Superbum and place it in a bigger pot to grow.

How to Propagate by Offsets

You may use your hand or garden shears to remove the offsets attached to the mother plant. Let the baby Graptopetalum Superbum be callous for two to three days before planting them in a pot with well-draining soil.

How to Propagate by Seeds

You will need to allow your Graptopetalum Superbum to grow for 2-3 years before harvesting your seeds. Allow the seeds to dry out for some days and make sure that it is no longer color green before planting. Soak your dried seed overnight before germinating them with your seed starting mix. You may use your hand to sow the seeds in pots. Allow it to grow for 6-8 weeks until they have fully rooted. You may now transfer your baby plant to a bigger pot to let it grow

Graptopetalum Superbum Winter Care

It is relatively easy to take good care of this succulent during winter. You will have to take note of the three things: ample light, water, and warmth. Avoid exposing your Graptopetalum Superbum to any extreme temperatures, or frigid temperatures. That is why if you live in a more relaxed place or experience winter, initially, you may opt to place it indoors. However, if you already have your Graptopetalum Superbum outdoors, you may leave them outside and water them to avoid drying the soil. It is advisable to transfer it indoors if it experiences a hard frost. Don’t forget to place your Graptopetalum Superbum in a location wherein it can get enough sunlight for nutrition and warmth.

potted graptopetalum superbum with purple leaves
Photo by @melissachai via Instagram

Pests and Diseases

  • Mealybugs – This type of pest is usually found on the stems. You may use insecticidal soap to eliminate mealybugs.
  • Aphids – Since this type of pest is small and might not be visible, you may dab it with cotton or use chemical pesticides. Just make sure that it is not harmful to your Graptopetalum Superbum.

Final Words

All in all, Graptopetalum Superbum is a perfect addition to your house plants. Its beautiful color catches everyone’s attention and adds a flair to your place. Its gray-lavender color can grow and show beautifully in full sunlight. Aside from being beautiful, this plant is also straightforward to take good care of. Just keep in mind to give it enough sunlight and water. We hope you will consider Graptopetalum Superbum as the latest addition to your garden.

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Succulent City chief editor

ABOUT ME

Succulent City

Hey everyone! Welcome to Succulent City! We are all about succulents, cacti, and a bit about air plants. Ten years back, in 2013, we began the journey with succulents. It started as a simple hobby, crafting and selling charming succulent-themed pins and decorations. But as time passed, our fascination with these remarkable plants grew, and we gained extensive knowledge about them. Therefore, Succulent City is the blog as you see it is now. Enjoy your visit and happly planting!

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Posted in Succulents