Furcraea Macdougalii (MacDougal’s Giant Century Plant)

Furcraea Macdougalii Image

First found in Southern Mexico, Furcraea Macdougalii, a.k.a MacDougal’s Giant Century Plant, impresses all succulent lovers worldwide with fascinating visuals: its height, its leaves, its roots,… These are the reasons why many gardeners fall for this succulent and said to themselves: “We should have this one”. So, can’t wait to introduce this lovely succulent to you.

Furcraea Macdougalii’s Features

Furcraea Macdougalii receives attractions from succulent lovers with its leaves. They are thick, fleshy, and can reach 6 to 10 feet long. Each leaf is blue-green color. As a usual Asparagaceae, its leaves margins have spines against herbivores and also reduce the water loss process.

Furcraea Macdougalii flowers always receive our admiration due to their beauty. This plant has a name ‘Century Plant’ because it takes about a century to bloom. However, whenever they show off, they can grow up between 15 to 40 feet tall with a creamy-white color. They also have the shape as a bell. Nevertheless, the flowers will die after a while, and then the plant will produce new ones at its base to flourish in the future.

Being a part of the Asparagaceae family, Furcraea Macdougalii has the same root structure as plants such as Agaves and Yuccas. The roots of Furcraea Macdougalii are quite dense. They grow into the ground and spread out in the soil to take water and nutrients. Thanks to this function, you don’t need to water it too often.

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Growing Conditions and Care

This MacDougalii can thrive in various soil types, including sandy, loamy, or clay, as long as they are well-draining. It would be better if you use soil for succulent, cacti or regular soil combined with perlite to get more nutrition and guarantee the succulent’s health.

Regarding watering, it requires infrequent watering. Before you water, feel the soil if it is dry out completely or not. Remember to only watering when your soil is dry to avoid overwatering. You need to water it more often on sunny or hot days (maybe 2-3 times per week). In contrast, on cold days or dormant seasons, watering frequency must be reduced (maybe once a month). Make sure that your pot has a drainage hole to open a way for water out.

Furcraea Macdougalii likes warmth. The ideal temperature range is between 21°C to 32°C. If too hot or too cold (below 10°C), you should keep it in a place where the temperature is always in the ideal zone.

Fertilizer is not required. But you can add a slow-release fertilizer in spring to support growth. About once in the spring and once in the summer is enough. Pruning needs are minimal. Only removing the spent flower stalk is needed after the plant is blooming.

DO YOU KNOW? Caring (propagating, pruning/trimming, beheading, watering, …) is a set of skills that is widely applicable to succulents. Read the in-depth guide here >>

Richard Miller – Succulent City


Furcraea Macdougalii can propagate itself by producing bulbils that grow on its flowering stalk. This is the easiest way to make more of them. These bulbils will grow up from the base of the mature plant. After time, follow the instructions above and provide it with proper conditions, it will grow healthily and lighten up your garden.


Furcraea Macdougalii, MacDougal’s Giant Century Plant, is more than a botanical wonder. It is a testament to nature’s extraordinary ability to create beauty in harsh and inhospitable environments. This robust, low-maintenance plant brings drama and intrigue to any landscape, making it a fascinating addition to any plant enthusiast’s collection or garden. 

Are you looking for more interesting reads about Furcraea plants? We have a few suggestions below:

Succulent City chief editor


Succulent City

Hey everyone! Welcome to Succulent City! We are all about succulents, cacti, and a bit about air plants. Ten years back, in 2013, we began the journey with succulents. It started as a simple hobby, crafting and selling charming succulent-themed pins and decorations. But as time passed, our fascination with these remarkable plants grew, and we gained extensive knowledge about them. Therefore, Succulent City is the blog as you see it is now. Enjoy your visit and happly planting!

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Posted in Succulents