The Indian Spurge Tree ‘Euphorbia Neriifolia’

Euphorbia Neriifolia Image

Do you ever wonder how to take good care of your plants? What would it take to have a thriving house plant? What plant should I have at home? If the thoughts of getting a new plant keep running in your mind, this article might shed some light on your new plant adventure. For this article, we will discuss Euphorbia Neriifolia. Let’s continue rediscovering this beautiful succulent and learn more about this plant’s care, origin, features, and propagation.

  • Other Names: Hedge Euphorbia, Indian Spurge, Oleander,…
  • Sunlight: bright light, or a little bit of shade.
  • Watering: minimum water use.
  • Temperature: can tolerate sweltering temperatures but get sensitive to frost and colder temperatures.
  • Fertilizer: fertilize from April to July
  • Propagation: propagated from stem cuttings and seeds.

Origin And Common Names

Euphorbia Neriifolia is also commonly known as Hedge Euphorbia. This plant’s other common names are Indian Spurge, Oleander, Milk Spurge, Milkbush, Holy Milk’s Hedge, Common Milk Hedge, and Dog’s Tongue. The plant is native to Southern and Central India. It is also present in Burma, West Bengal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

Features of Euphorbia Neriifolia

This is a perennial plant. The word “Neriifolia” means leaves, in reference to this plant’s long and narrow leaves. The plant looks like a shrub in cultivation and grows into full-grown trees. It can grow up to 18’-24′ feet tall, and its leaves can grow up to 3″ to 5″ inches long. The height of this plant will depend on the space it is allowed to bloom. Generally, Euphorbia Neriifolia is considered a moderately-fast growing plant.


Euphorbia Neriifolia blooms clusters of fragrance-free yellow-green tinted flowers. These flowers are located at the upper leaf axils. Once the flowers dry and fall out, short rigid spines are left in the same spot they’ve bloomed. You may want to note that the flowers won’t last too long. The blooming season of this succulent is every spring.

Benefits of Euphorbia Neriifolia

Aside from being an additional decorative plant in your homes or gardens, Euphorbia Neriifolia also has medicinal benefits. The juice of this plant can treat snake bites, purgative, asthma, colds, and other stomach problems. The stems of this plant are a substitute for fuel.

Ideal Sunlight And Temperature

This type of plant is relatively hardy. Euphorbia Neriifolia can tolerate sweltering temperatures but get sensitive to frost and colder temperatures. It will thrive in warm temperatures and can even survive hot temperatures. When the temperature drops below 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the plant might start to turn yellow or brown due to wilting. Please note that although this plant has mid-range humidity and bright sun, it also appreciates a little bit of shade.

How Much Water Euphorbia Neriifolia Needs?

Like most succulents, this one is also sensitive to overwatering. By itself, this type of plant is drought resistant and can store water. It is better to go underwater to be safer in taking good care of this perennial. When you overwater, your plant’s leaves drop, and the crown rotates. Make sure that you let the soil dry in between watering. If the plant is placed outdoors, you will have to provide shade or protection whenever it is raining hard.

Do You Need Fertilizer?

You may feed it with fertilizer from April to July only. This is your plant’s growing season, and overfeeding may also harm the plant.

Ideal Soil And Transplanting

Euphorbia Neriifolia will do good in a well-draining soil mixture. You may use commercial cactus soil with a good drainage base. The sign that you may have to transplant your Euphorbia Neriifolia is once they outgrow their current pot. It is said that the best time to transplant it is from February to March.

Disease and Other Problems

Like other succulents, you may occasionally catch pests on this plant. Be careful with mealybugs and scale insects. You may see these forming a white cotton bud-like on the stems. Easily remove these with tweezers or toothpicks. Make sure that you wipe the branches with a damped cloth. Other health problems of Euphorbia Neriifolia are falling leaves, corky patches on the leaves, and crown rot.

Euphorbia Neriifolia Propagation

You may propagate your Euphorbia Neriifolia through seeds or stem cuttings. You will have to carefully remove a stem from the mother plant for stem cuttings. Ensure that you avoid touching the white sap coming out of the plant’s flesh. Let the cuttings dry for a few days and develop callous. After a few weeks, your plant should develop roots. Once dry, you may plant your Euphorbia Neriifolia in a well-draining soil mixture.


Final Words

At the end of this article, we hope that you were able to appreciate Euphorbia Neriifolia better. With enough sunlight, proper soil, and maintained watering and feeding, you surely help it to thrive and bloom beautifully. Unsurprisingly, many plant lovers choose this plant as a part of their house plants or gardens because of its features. This flowering succulent adds character to every space. A factor to watch out for in Euphorbia Neriifolia is that it produces a white poisonous sap. This sap can cause severe irritation, blindness, and other serious complications.

As someone looking for a new plant baby, we hope this article helps you get to know Euphorbia Neriifolia and might consider getting it. It is a unique-looking succulent that can mostly survive in warm to hot temperatures. If you have a winter season in your area, you may need to keep this plant indoors as it is not one of the cold-hardy succulents. Do you enjoy your stay in Succulent City? Here are a few suggestions for your next read:

Succulent City chief editor


Succulent City

Hey everyone! Welcome to Succulent City! We are all about succulents, cacti, and a bit about air plants. Ten years back, in 2013, we began the journey with succulents. It started as a simple hobby, crafting and selling charming succulent-themed pins and decorations. But as time passed, our fascination with these remarkable plants grew, and we gained extensive knowledge about them. Therefore, Succulent City is the blog as you see it is now. Enjoy your visit and happly planting!

2 thoughts on “The Indian Spurge Tree ‘Euphorbia Neriifolia’

  1. Hello I just bought a coral cactus and the Euphorbia neriifolia seems to be taking over on a sprout shooting up the side of coral looking part. It’s about four feet tall with the leaves. Thanks for your info. I’d love to email you a picture . I’m wondering how big you have seen these coral cactus trunk grow.

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Posted in Perennial Plants