The Mediterranean Spurge ‘Euphorbia Characias’

Euphorbia Characias Image

Planting is universal. At one point in our lives, we encounter a dilemma of whether we are going to start having house plants or not. If you are someone looking to have a new plant, it is not unusual that you will encounter a variety of plants available to you. Succulents are amongst the favorite and popular choices for new plant lovers. It is an easy-to-grow plant that can survive with less attention. Aside from that, succulent is a top choice for plant lovers looking for a unique and beautiful plant that can add character to your space. For this article, we will talk about Euphorbia Characias. Please continue reading to know more about its origin, care, and features. We are sure that it is a plant you can’t resist.

Origin and Features of Euphorbia Characias

Euphorbia Characias Wulfenii is also commonly known as “Mediterranean Spurge.” It is a flowering plant that comes from the Euphorbiaceae succulent family. This type of plant is native to the Mediterranean Region.

Mediterranean Spurge has many woolly stems. It is a compact evergreen shrub with gray-green leaves that grow in a spiral around many upright stems. This plant can grow up to 4 feet tall, with an equal width. Every spring to early summer, it produces dense yellow-green spherical clusters on top with dark brown to black nectar glands. Euphorbia Characias also has round and hairy fruits. A watch-out point for this type of plant is poisonous throughout. Avoid touching a cut directly as the sap may irritate your skin and eyes.

Ideal Sunlight

You may need to place Mediterranean Spurge where it can get full sunlight. This is very important for the plant to grow beautifully.

Humidity and Temperature

Euphorbia Characias’s USDA hardiness zones are 7a to 10b with temperatures of 0 degrees Fahrenheit to 40 degrees Fahrenheit.

How Much Water Euphorbia Characias Needs?

Unlike most succulents, Euphorbia Characias are not drought resistant, meaning they can’t tolerate a long period of drought. Your plant might need watering from time to time. During the summer season, it is advisable to water your plant weekly.

water drops on euphorbia characias leaves
Photo by @lotus.seed via Instagram

Soil Requirements

Make sure that you choose a humus-rich, well-draining soil mix to plant your Euphorbia Characias. Having well-draining soil allows water to flow continuously and properly when watering your plant. Like other succulents, make sure that you avoid leaving the water on the soil for too long to prevent root rot and drowning your Euphorbia Characias.


You may feed fertilizer to your Euphorbia Characias once a month during its growing season only. It is better to dilute the fertilizer with 50% strength soluble house plant food. Don’t feed it during its dormant season.

Euphorbia Characias Propagation

You may propagate your Euphorbia Characias by division and cuttings. Here are the steps for your easy reference.

Propagation by division

  • Lift your Euphorbia Characias gently with a garden fork; you will have to work outwards from its crown’s center to avoid root damage. Make sure to remove the excess soil.
  • You may also use a sharp knife, axe, or lawn-edging iron.
  • Plant the division as soon as possible and make sure that you water them properly.
  • You may replant the division in the same spot, or it can also be the perfect opportunity to replant your Euphorbia Characias in a better location or even to improve your garden.

Propagation through stem cuttings

  • Using sharp and clean scissors, cut off the top 2 inches section of a stem.
  • Let the cutting dry off for at least 2 to 3 days.
  • Plant the stem in a new pot.
  • Water deeply until the stem develops roots.
  • In 2 to 3 weeks, it is expected for your plant to have roots already.

Other facts about Euphorbia Characias Wulfenii

  • Mediterranean Spurge attracts butterflies and hummingbirds.
  • It is resilient to pests and diseases, and it is also deer and rabbit resilient.
  • It is also in demand for desert landscaping as it is not highly demanding and looks good all year round.
  • Euphorbia Characias doesn’t like warm or hot temperatures.
  • The best practice is that after this plant bloom flowers, you must cut flower stems at the base. It will provide a constant supply of seedlings.
  • Don’t forget to wear gloves when touching Mediterranean Spurge as it produces a poisonous sap.


euphorbia characias plantation
Photo by @pam.pk2020 via Instagram

Final Words

All in all, we hope that you were able to appreciate Euphorbia Characias Wulfenii more. Generally, succulents are a popular option for new plant lovers looking for a beautiful, low-maintenance plant. Its unique appearance will add life to any space. What is special about this succulent is that this euphorbia specie is not as drought-resistant as other succulents. It is unique, as we know that succulents are drought-resistant and can survive long droughts. But since it is not as drought-resistant, you may have to water it twice a week every summer. Taking good care and propagating is very easy. You have to ensure that it is getting full sunlight, enough water, and planted on well-draining soil. Generally, these are the top requirements you need to satisfy for your Euphorbia Characias to thrive beautifully.

As a new plant lover, Mediterranean Spurge might be the perfect plant baby. For whatever reason, you started having house plants; this plant might level up your space and get you more interested in other plants. It is natural for us to take good care of other living things around us as human beings. Planting is a unique and wonderful plant that can satisfy your plant collector’s goals. Mediterranean Spurge will allow you to nurture your green-thumb skills.

We hope that you are now more interested in getting your next plant. In any case, Mediterranean Spurge might be the perfect plant for you. We hope you take good care and enjoy it at your home. Take good care of this plant and gain the wonderful benefits of growing your house plants. Improve your mental and emotional well-being, and enjoy having clean air with Euphorbia Characias at home.

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Succulent City chief editor


Succulent City

Hey everyone! Welcome to Succulent City! We are all about succulents, cacti, and a bit about air plants. Ten years back, in 2013, we began the journey with succulents. It started as a simple hobby, crafting and selling charming succulent-themed pins and decorations. But as time passed, our fascination with these remarkable plants grew, and we gained extensive knowledge about them. Therefore, Succulent City is the blog as you see it is now. Enjoy your visit and happly planting!

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Posted in Perennial Plants