How to Care for Echeveria Peacockii

Echeveria peacockii is also known as Peacock Echeveria or Echeveria desmentiana. It belongs to the family of Crassulaceae and the Echeveria genus. Like others in the Echeveria plants, the plant is used mainly for decoration. It is a slow-growing plant that is relatively easy to manage.

Origin of Echeveria Peacockii

If you know the history of the Echeverria genus, you may already have guessed the plant’s origin. The entire genus is named after Atanasio Echeverria, an illustrator who contributed considerably to the Flora Mexicana. Its country of origin is central and southwest Mexico. It enjoys rocky areas which are warm, dry, and sunny. It’s commonly used to cover garden beds and also for decorative purposes.

Uses of Echeveria Peacockii

The plant is mainly used for decoration due to its beautiful foliage. The most common use for decoration is to cover garden beds.

Description of Echeveria Peacockii

Echeveria Peacokii’s leaves are its main attraction, as are the leaves of other plants in the genus. They are dark green with no variegation, and they are flashy. Each of the leaves has visible central veins that grow in rosettes. The foliage is covered with white ciliate hairs meant to trap some water from the atmosphere when the plant is growing in water-scarce areas. These ciliate hairs are the reason why the plant is known as Peacokii.

It blooms in spring and produces small flowers that are yellow on the inside and red on the outside.

The stem of flowering stem appears reddish. The stems are short and sometimes not visible. This is because the leaves grow directly from them. The plant’s leaves also start growing right from the ground, and the stem remains covered.

Echeveria Peacockii Care

This plant is a relatively low-maintenance plant.

Light and placement

This plant enjoys a lot of light, but you should be careful not to direct it to direct sunlight as it may cause sunburns and damage the plant. As a result, your plant is an indoor plant. Place it near a window that allows enough light. Avoid southern-facing windows as the light from that direction is a bit harsh. When it’s outside, ensure it is under a partially shaded area. Bright light will allow the leaves to maintain their original color. Too little light will make the plant grow long in the direction of the available light source.

Temperature and humidity

This plant enjoys temperatures of between 15 degrees Celsius and 27 degrees Celsius. Do not place the plant outside during summer as the temperatures are too high and will cause sunburns or may be wilting. During winter, bring the plant indoors to avoid being damaged by frost.

This plant thrives in humidity between 13-50%.

Watering Echeveria Peacockii

Watering is always a sensitive issue when it comes to succulents. First, ensure the pot you use has drainage holes to release excess water. Overwatering causes the roots to rot and eventually die. Also, the soil should be well-draining; any cactus mix soil is ideal. All this is to avoid any instance where water stagnates.

Although the plant generally requires little water, you will need to water it more often in hotter seasons than in colder ones due to evaporation. How easily you manage this aspect of care for your plant will largely be determined by the type of soil on which you have grown your plant. Since there is no one-size-fits-all approach for watering, you will need to determine the need for watering on a moment-by-moment basis.

How do you know your plant requires to be watered? The topsoil dryness test is always an effective method of knowing whether your plant requires some watering. Insert a finger into the plant’s soil or potting mix to feel whether or not the top two inches of the soil is dry. If dry, your soil needs more water since moisture from the previous drink has dried up.

When you notice the bottom leaves of the plant start to wrinkle and slightly wilt when the plant is severely dehydrated and needs urgent watering.

The best method to water this succulent is the soak and dry it. Insert the plant into a large container filled with water and allow the plant to soak in the water for at least half an hour. After removing the plant, let the excess moisture drain from the drainage holes at the bottom of the container for another half an hour. Water again when the soil is dry. 

Dipping your plant in a tab is more applicable to this plant due to its structure. The leaves start growing right from the base. The leaf canopy above the soil makes it difficult from above without wetting the leaves; wet leaves make the plant susceptible to the growth of fungi. Echeveria Peacockii cupped leaves exacerbate the situation because water that lands on the cupped leaves will remain to make the plant susceptible to fungi infestation. 

We are always cautious about giving a definite watering schedule even for the various seasons because the environmental conditions are a significant factor in how well the soil can retain water. Ambient temperature, for example, determines how fast water in the soil evaporates. Even in the same seasons, this temperature varies from place to place.

Soil

If you are going for a commercial pottage, buy cactus or succulent soil commercially. This plant does well in well-draining soil; waterlogged soil can quickly kill it. That soil is already well-draining, but you will need to make it easier to drain. You should add fifty to seventy percent grit. Grit could be coarse sand, perlite, or pumice. The soil will always be moist, not dry, but not entirely wet either. The use of commercial pottage mix is best when growing your plant in a pot.

On the other hand, if you are growing the plant outdoors in a Mediterranean garden or as a hedge, you will need to ensure the soil is well-draining. The plant can handle rock ground, so that should not be a problem. If the soil in your area has more clay than grit, you can introduce soil in the planting holes to allow your water to drain quickly. Also, you may need to create French drains to allow any excess water to run off from the roots.

If you are planting your Echeveria Peacockii in a pot, you will need to carefully consider the type of pot you use. This is because the pot is critical in ensuring your soil will be well-drained. It should have several draining holes at the bottom because the water that gets to the soil must get out to avoid waterlogging. You can also use a breathable pot to enhance the evaporation of water. Unglazed terracotta pots are the best option for growing these succulents. The soil Ph should be acidic

Feeding Echeveria Peacockii

Echeveria Peacockii does not require a lot of fertilizer. If you add too much of it will cause fertilizer burn and death of your plant, a sign that you have overfed your plant is that the leaves start yellowing. Always use diluted fertilizer. It should be diluted up to four times. The best time to apply is at the beginning of spring

Potting and repotting

The best type of pot to use is galvanized clay pots, as they enable water to evaporate quickly. Always make sure that your pot has drainage holes to avoid root rot.

Echeveria Peacockii does not require too much repotting as it is a slow-growing plant. Repot it after 2 to 3 years or when circumstances demand that you repot it. For example, if you have overwatered your plant and start noticing signs of root rot, you should repot it to dryer soil. Always repot in a bigger pot. Always ensure that the soil is dry before repotting. It would help if you handled the root ball with great care to avoid damaging the roots. Water immediately after repotting to secure the roots. The best season to repot is during spring. Make sure you wash off the soil on the roots before repotting.

Pruning

If your plant becomes too large, it’s time to prune it. If this plant becomes too large, it loses its attractiveness.

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Pests and diseases

Succulents cut across the plant kingdom. Some are non-toxic, while others, such as euphorbias, are toxic. The toxicity makes euphorbias resistant to some the pests such as deer, rodents, and other animals. However, all succulents are vulnerable to more minor pests of the insect variety. Aphids and mealybugs scale is the most common, but spider mites and fungus gnats may also affect your succulents.

Protecting your Succulents

Prevention is the best pest control method for Echeveria Peacockii. If you can get the pests to stay away from your plant, your plants will be healthier and your work easier. The following are some preventive measures you can take.

  1. Keep the plants healthy: Strong and healthy succulents may be able to repel pests naturally. If, on the other hand, pests attack a healthy plant, they won’t affect it too badly since it will be able to withstand the onslaught. As recommended, you can ensure the plant’s fit by feeding with well-balanced fertilizer for succulents. Also, ensure the soil is rich and well-drained to keep root rot at bay.
  2. Prune the plant: Dead leaves are one of the bugs’ favorite hiding places—they lodge and breed there, especially when there is moisture. You can protect your plant from attacks by cutting off the dead leaves. Cutting off these dead leaves prevents air from flowing freely through the plant, making the conditions unfavorable for bugs.
  3. Keep the plant dry: When watering your plant, always direct the water to the soil. Having water on the leaves makes them susceptible to mealybugs and scale. The succulent’s vulnerability is even more significant to bugs due to humidity being even more remarkable when the plant’s leaf structure is such that the leaves are allowed water to lodge. This plant is An excellent example of the need to keep it dry due to its rosettes. Water-filled rosettes encourage the bugs to make a home on the plant.
  4. Don’t reuse affected medium: Don’t compost infected leaves because there may be survivors or effs that find their way back to the plant when you feed the plant with compost. Also, don’t use soil from affected plants to repot your succulents.
  5. Use systemic pesticides: Unlike their contact counterparts, systemic pesticides get into the plant and poison it against the bugs so that they don’t survive or reproduce when they attack the plant. Therefore, it is entirely natural and not harmful to humans. It repels all the bugs from the inside as a systemic pesticide.

Treatment

When well taken care of, Echeveria Peacockii can remain healthy with little disturbance from pests and diseases. However, looking for mealy bugs, spider mites, and scale insects is essential. You can quickly remedy this by using organic pesticides.

It would help if you inspected your plants regularly. Severe infestation by any of these pests causes your plant’s leaves to develop brown spots that look unhealthy. This is because these pests suck the sap from the leaves. This practice enables you to catch an infestation before it gets out of hand.

One way to handle them is by spraying the affected parts with pesticide soap. The soap irritates the insects, dislodging them from the plant. You can use the liquid dishwashing soap mixed with water at a ratio of 1:1 and spray. You can also use the following plant-based pesticides.

  1. Neem oil: Unlike the other pesticides listed below, neem oil is a systemic pesticide. It gets into the plant and poisons it against the bugs so that they don’t survive or reproduce when they attack the plant. Pure Neem Oil is made from the neem plant. Therefore, it is entirely natural and not harmful to humans.
  2. Hot pepper spray: Hot pepper is quite irritating when it gets on your skin and eyes, and it has the same effects on the bugs infesting your succulents. Spray it carefully on the affected parts to protect your skin and eyes.
  3. Garlic spray: A concentrated garlic spray can have the same effects on the bugs as pepper spray. You can manufacture the garlic spray by crushing garlic cloves and putting them in hot water. Put just a little hot water, so the end product is concentrated enough to destroy the pests. Remove the garlic residue, put the pesticide in a sprayer, and spray away on the infected parts of the plant.

Always spray a small part of the plant with the pesticide you want to use before spraying on the whole plant. This precaution applies when using contact pesticides, i.e., hot pepper and garlic. It would help if you saw the plant’s reaction before spraying it. You can reduce concentration if the test shows the plant’s reacting adverse effects on the pesticide.

Rub the infected parts of the plant with rubbing alcohol with at least 70% concentration. It will help you dislodge the pests.  

Root rot is the most complex disease; you can avoid it by keeping the soil well-drained. Root rot is often characterized by yellowing leaves that end up falling off. These are also the symptoms of a plant suffering from sunlight deficiency. If your soil has been dry, you see the leaves yellowing, especially in winter. Take the plant out in the sun for about six hours a day for a few days; it will recover.

Propagation of Echeveria Peacokii

Echeveria peacockii can be propagated using four methods. These are:

  1. leaves
  2. cuttings
  3. offsets
  4. seeds

Propagation through leaves

  1. Identify a healthy leaf from your plant and cut it off
  2. Allow the cutting to dry for a day or two so that it can callous
  3. Prepare your potting mix and make sure its well-draining
  4. Moisturize the soil and lay the leaf-cutting on top of the soil about halfway under
  5. Keep it under indirect sunlight
  6. Water only when the soil is dry
  7. Keep the plant under filtered light and wait for the roots to appear

After four to six weeks, new roots start forming. Water regularly, keep in a partially shaded place, and wait for your plant to grow.

Propagation through cuttings

Cuttings are available when a mature plant grows offshoots. Below is how to propagate Echeveria Peacockii using cuttings.

  1. Cut the offshoot from the main plant using a clean and sharp knife.
  2. Allow them to dry for one day and callous.
  3. Prepare your potting mix. It should be well-draining.
  4. Plant the stem of the cutting.
  5. Place it in a well-lit area.

You will start to notice new roots, and at this point, you should begin watering the cutting.

Propagation through offsets

  1. Identify a healthy offset and cut it
  2. Allow the callous to dry for two to three days to callous and avoid rotting
  3. Prepare your potting mix
  4. Moisturize the soil and lay the offset on top of the soil about halfway under
  5. Keep it under indirect sunlight
  6. Place your plant under filtered sunlight and wait for the roots to appear
  7. Water when necessary

Propagation by seeds

You can obtain the leaves from the flowers where you cut a drying flower. Dry it well and remove the plants and plant them. This method is not very reliable as some seeds might not grow or they may take a long time.

Final words

As we have seen, growing Echeveria Peacockii is not complicated as long as it is provided with the required growth conditions. It is a beautiful plant that will look great in your home. It is not toxic makes it even better for people with small children and pests.

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Posted in Succulents