Crassula Ovata ‘Gollum’

Crassula Ovata 'Gollum' Image

The Crassula Ovata Gollum is a variant of Crassula Ovata plants, also known as Jade plants. It is a peculiar-looking plant with tube-like leaves puckered at the ends. Crassula Ovata Gollum gets its name from a character in Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings named Gollum. These jade plants are colloquially known by fun names such as spoon jade, Ogre’s ears, ET’s fingers, finger jade, trumpet jade, and Shrek’s ears.

The Crassula Ovata Gollum is a succulent native to South Africa and Mozambique. They usually thrive in cooler regions and are a popular houseplant. It is characterized by its long green leaves that have a reddish tinge at their tips. These plants can bloom and have flowers that are either pink or white and star-shaped. They can grow up to 80 cm or 30 inches. They are evergreen succulents and are often a popular option for bonsai.

crassula ovata gollum
By (User:Kevinin / de:Benutzer:Kevinin) – Own work, CC BY 2.5, Wikimedia

Gollum Jade Plant Care

The Crassula Ovata Gollum is a versatile succulent, and it can be grown both indoors and outdoors as long as it is well taken care of. They need well-draining soil and sunlight so that they can grow properly.

While growing Crassula Ovata Gollum indoors, you need to ensure they are kept somewhere with a lot of natural sunlight. If you’re unsure about the amount of sunlight your plant is receiving, check its leaves’ color – a deep green color shows that the plant is not receiving enough sun, while sufficient sun exposure will make the leaves light green with a pronounced red tip.

A lack of sunlight will make Crassula Ovata Gollum leaves stretch in a process known as etiolation. This means that the plant needs more sun, and growing is unnatural to get more of it. Etiolation is harmful to the plant and will make it weak. Your plant must receive enough sunlight. If you live somewhere with inadequate sunlight, you will need to supplement with a grow light for your Crassula Ovata Gollum.

#1. Sunlight Requirements

It needs 4 to 6 hours of light daily to survive and grow. They can grow very well in partial sunlight and in full sun. Before they can be placed in the full sun, they must be acclimatized to it to prevent sunburns. It is better to place the plant in the sun in the mornings rather than in the afternoons. If you live somewhere with intense heat, invest in sunshades or ensure that Crassula Ovata Gollum receives only partial sunlight.

If Gollum Jade is kept in shade or partial shade, the plant will turn a green hue. On the other hand, it becomes lighter, and the red edges are more pronounced when placed under sunlight. If the plant is not getting enough sunlight, etiolating takes place.

Crassula Ovata Gollum is quite resilient when it comes to cold and frost. They can tolerate mild frost and low temperatures, but you need to ensure they are not kept outside for too long if the weather is freezing. If you live in an area that experiences extreme winters, invest in frost cloths or mini-greenhouses for your succulents.

#2. Soil Recommendations

The Crassula Ovata Gollum, like all succulents, needs well-draining soil. There are quite a few potting mixes available in the market, and you may use a cactus mix for your jade plant. If you feel that your potting mix does not drain enough, you can add perlite or sandy soil to ensure that the soil remains well-draining. Depending on your area’s weather and the humidity, you can use a 2:1 ratio of potting mix and perlite/sandy soil or a ratio of 1:1. More humidity means that you will need more drainage, so you need to add more perlite or sandy soil.

Photo by Lisa Fotios from Pexels

#3. Temperature:

Mild frost and freezing temperatures can be tolerated by this succulent, but not for long periods. Thus, these plants can only tolerate temperatures down to 28 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, intense heat can give the plants sunburn. Therefore, temperatures between 45-85 degrees Fahrenheit are optimal for the Gollum Jade.

These plants also prefer areas with good air circulation. Thus, environments with low to average room humidity are best for this succulent.

Finally, to encourage the plants to bloom, there must be a distinction in the temperatures between day and nighttime. This distinction helps to mimic the plant’s natural habitat. Thus, the plants prefer the outdoor nighttime temperature of 50-55 degrees Fahrenheit and an indoor nighttime temperature of 60-65 degrees Fahrenheit. 

#4. Watering

Like most other succulents, Crassula Ovata Gollum does not need too much water to survive. A lot of water will damage the plant. They are native to dry areas and lack water, and will only need to be water occasionally.

Photo by Markus Winkler on Unsplash

Crassula Ovata Gollum’s watering schedule will depend on your area and the weather you experience. This Jade plant will need to be watered every 7 to 10 days in hot and dry areas. Watering once every 10 to 14 days will be enough in cooler areas. You will not need to water your plant during monsoons if kept outside. The rainwater will be more than enough for it. The watering schedule will change again during winters – once every 2 or 3 weeks will be enough.

If you live in a humid place, water your plant less frequently. It is effortless to over-water Crassula Ovata Gollum, so you should check the soil’s moisture before watering it.

#5. Fertilizer

Although feeding is not necessary, it can be an added boost to the plants. The Gardener should feed the succulents during their growing months –spring and summer months- as it helps supplement their needs while flowering. 

These fertilizers should be diluted and applied every two weeks. Towards the beginning of its dormancy period, the Gardener should not feed fertilizers to the plants. 

#6. Toxicity

Crassula Ovata Gollum, like other Jade plants, is toxic to cats and dogs. It is also mildly toxic to people and can cause dermatitis if you get exposed to its sap or leaves. You should keep pets away from the plant or place them out of their reach if you have pets.

#7. Potting and Repotting

 It is advisable to transplant the succulent during the warmer seasons. Before repotting, the soil has to be dry. Once it has been removed from the pot, the old earth should be shaken off by the Gardener. This process ensures that it is not repotted with dead or rotten leaves.

The plant should then be placed into a new pot that has been backfilled with soil. The plant should dry for about a week.


There are several different types of Gollum Jade, as follows.

Crassula Ovata Botany Bay

It is a recent addition to the family, introduced to the market in 2011. It is a bushy and compact plant that grows well when potted. The plant’s leaves don’t stretch unless exposed to abundant light. It requires relatively humid conditions and some moisture in the soil.

Crassula Ovata Harbor Lights

This variety of Gollum jade is easily identified due to its reddish leaves. Its leaves are generally smaller than other varieties of Crassula Ovata, and it is pretty popular due to the color of the peculiar color of the leaves. Winter is this plant’s best season because leaves become the reddest of any season at lower temperatures. The plant has pinkish-white flowers that bloom in autumn and early winter, giving it an exciting appearance.

Crassula Ovata Hobbit

Like the word hobbit in its name suggests, the plant is short; it doesn’t grow beyond 30 centimeters. Its leaves have reddish tips, producing pinkish-white flowers that bloom in early winter. This plant does exceptionally well when potted. It is a great plant to maintain as a bonsai.

Crassula Ovata Hummel Sunset

Its foliage is its unique quality; it changes color throughout the season. This foliage changes from green in autumn and turns into gold and red as you proceed into deep winter. The plant’s color gets darker and darker. It has a Bonsai trunk, and it is relatively short. Its size makes it possible to keep the plant as a centerpiece on a table or a shelf.

Crassula Ovata Little Jade Tree

It is a hybrid introduced in the market for the first time in 2015. As the name suggests, the plant is small, and it has the appearance of a tree. It can only reach a maximum height of 40 centimeters.

Crassula Ovata Minima

This variety of Gollum jade is also known as miniature or baby jade. It is beautiful when potted because of the bushy appearance of the leaves in a small pot. It blooms in winter, and its flowers are usually white and pink. This Crassula Ovata can reach a height of sixty centimeters. It is a great plant to keep on balconies, or table tops, especially during functions such as weddings. Having it in a courtyard also brings out the best in it.

Crassula Ovata Pink

It has many pink-white flowers that bloom annually, thus the name. Flowers appear in early winter and late autumn. Crassula Ovata’s pink leaves develop a red blush when the year becomes very dry. It takes five years for the plant to grow fully, during which it can reach a total height of one meter.

Pests On Crassula Ovata Gollum

Crassula Ovata Gollum can get infested by scale insects that can cause deformed growth in the plant. Common pests that infest this plant are mealybugs, aphids, and spider mites. If your plant is infested, you can use a brush dipped in rubbing alcohol to remove the infestation.

By Beatriz Moisset – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikimedia

How To Propagate Crassula Ovata Gollum

Crassula Ovata Gollum can be propagated using leaves and stem cuttings. Stem cuttings are the most straightforward method with a high success rate.

Propagating this succulent plant using stem cuttings will take about 4 to 6 weeks. Start with a stem cutting and allow it to dry. After it has dried, you can stick them in a pot with a well-draining pot mix. You may also dip the stem cutting in rooting hormones to speed up the process. Make sure to keep it away from direct sunlight and water it only if the soil feels dry. The stem cuttings should form roots within two weeks and develop new growth by week 4 or 6.

Propagating from leaves is a similar process, but the growth will take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months. It is advisable that you use stem cuttings over leaves.

Propagation from Stem Cuttings

  • Identify a healthy-looking plant from which to obtain a cutting and cut a section of six to eight inches.
  • Rooting hormones expedite the rooting process, but they are optional. Allow the stem to be callous for three to four days, and dip the thicker end of the cutting into the rooting hormone. The plant would still root without the hormone.
  • Put together a suitable potting mix in a pot. You can buy a cactus mix as a substrate to facilitate rooting.
  • Keep the planting away from direct sunlight and mist the soil regularly to keep it moist. Avoid waterlogging, as this might cause the plant to rot. Rooting should occur in two weeks.
  • Allow the process to continue for another four weeks, and the plant will complete rooting after six weeks.
  • Stop misting and water the plant as you would typically water a Gollum jade plant as it continues to grow.

Propagation from Leaves

Follow the following steps when propagating your Gollum Jade using leaves.

  • Pluck the leaf from the plant by holding it at the base and twisting it. Choose a plump, healthy leaf at the base and a more mature one at the lower part of the plant.
  • Keep the leaf’s stalk in the rooting hormone to help speed up the rooting process. This step is optional as the leaf may still root without the hormone; it would only take longer.
  • Keep the root away from direct sunlight and allow it to be callous for about two days.
  • Prepare a succulent-suitable substrate, such as cactus mix, and place the now calloused leaf on the soil. You could stick the cut end in the substrate, especially if you had dipped it in rooting hormone. Ensure the pottage is moist, and you will notice rooting begins in two weeks, after which a new plant will emerge from the leaf.

Propagation by leaf takes longer than propagation by stem.


This plant doesn’t require a lot of pruning because its foliage is its beauty. You might need to remove some leaves if you find the branches drooping due to the weight of the leaves. Having excess leaves can also make your plant vulnerable to diseases. Remove the leaves until the branches are no longer drooping or until the plant gets well aired. You can pluck the leaves by hand or use a cutting tool such as a knife or a pruner. Pruning by hand can be tricky because you might injure the stem, so a cutting tool is preferable, especially if you need to prune any leaves. When using a pruning tool, remember to sterilize it using rubbing alcohol or spirit. This will keep your plant from getting infections that may be on the tool.

Crassula Ovata Hobbit vs Gollum

Despite both originating from South Africa, Crassula Ovata and Crassula Gollum are similar. Gollum’s leaves are tubular, or, as some people consider them, like a trumpet. The leaves of the Hobbit plants, on the other hand, curl back into themselves. Another distinguishing feature of the two is their appetite for sunlight and water.

The hobbit prefers full sunlight and as much water as possible through rainfall. While the constant flow of rainwater is desirable for the hobbit plant, it doesn’t mean it enjoys much water all at once. It grows on rocky soil, and the rains only ensure sufficient moisture in the growth medium.

Unlike Jade Hobbit, Jade Gollum prefers more relaxed environments and thrives under shade. Thus, when you domesticate these plants, you will find Hobbit doing better in the outdoor rock garden. At the same time, Gollum will give you the best when grown indoors since these conditions mimic the individual plants’ natural habitats.

One thing that these plants have in common is that they are excellent decorative plants. Their stems have identical patterns, but the leaves have the differences we mentioned earlier.

Final Words

Some Gollum plants get disfigured and have an intriguing appearance. The Lord of the Rings is named Gollum after the old, disfigured character. On the other hand, The Hobbit plant is named after characters with the same name in the famous J.R.R Tolkien’s work. Like the Hobbits in this epic work, the plant is short and shrubby. I hope this article about Crassula Ovata Gollum has some helpful information.

Thank you for visiting Succulent City, and check these suggestions for your next read:

Succulent City chief editor


Succulent City

Hey everyone! Welcome to Succulent City! We are all about succulents, cacti, and a bit about air plants. Ten years back, in 2013, we began the journey with succulents. It started as a simple hobby, crafting and selling charming succulent-themed pins and decorations. But as time passed, our fascination with these remarkable plants grew, and we gained extensive knowledge about them. Therefore, Succulent City is the blog as you see it is now. Enjoy your visit and happly planting!

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