All You Need to Know About Echinopsis

Echinopsis cactus is for the prickly cacti lovers.

This article goes deep down to each detail of the Echinopsis genus and its over 100 species. It is a guide to everything that you need to understand about one of the largest families of cactus plants.

All You Need to Know About Echinopsis
For Echinopsis Lovers @bitkidunyasix_

Introducing The Echinopsis Cactus

This amazing cactus plant has its origin in South America. The plant is sometimes referred to as the hedgehog cactus, Easter lily cactus, or sea urchin cactus. By now you might have understood that its spiky or prickly appearance gives it the nicknames. It is a plant that is densely covered with spines.

The Echinopsis represents a genus that is one of the biggest with 128 species. The genus is home to plants of different sizes. There are large-sized plants and small-sized ones too.

What is common in all of these plants is the beautiful flowers present in each. The giant flowers (4-6 inches in size) are often multicolored with a beautiful blend. The colors and types of flowers can vary from the original Echinopsis thanks to the extensive hybridizing done on the plants.

Did you know that unlike most cacti that produce a single flush of flowers annually, Echinopsis plants produce blooms of flowers as long as the temperatures during the day hit 21-degree Celsius?

Already interested in more kinds of cacti? Check out “9 Rare Cacti that’s Hard to Find” for more finds.

All You Need to Know About Echinopsis
Introducing Echinopsis Cactus @bitkidunyasix_

Where to Grow The Echinopsis Cactus

If you are interested in growing a sea urchin cactus in your yard, worry less if you experience temperatures of over 21C/70F. If you’re not interested in the flowers, you can still grow them in any environment.

The high temperatures are only good for the continuity of flowering throughout the year.

During cold winters the plants go dormant. However, you may need to take them inside when the bite of the cold is too much to avoid their succulent water-filled bodies from freezing also. Check out “Summer & Winter Succulents: What’s the Difference?” for a full guide to understanding different succulents during different seasons.

Ask most growers of the beautiful hedgehog cactus, and they will tell you the cold season is vital for a great blooming during the summer.

Just like any other plant, avoid soaking the roots in water-filled soil. If you keep your cactus plant in a pot, ensure that they are shed from direct rains.

For more succulent options during the warm weather, check out “10 Beautiful Flowering Succulents You Need for the Summer“.

All You Need to Know About Echinopsis
They are Great for Your Outdoor and Indoors @mafamilledecactus

Soils & Potting

Cactus plants need well-drained soils. High water retention for far too long is a great enemy of the plant’s roots that will end up rotting, in turn, killing your plant.  You can loosen up your potting mix by using perlites and pebbles. It is advisable to add a top sand layer at the base of the plant. You will create abrasiveness that much supports pup formation.

When going for your favorite pot, consider its ability to drain any excess water. The containers can be of any size since the roots of an Echinopsis plant are shallow.

In any case, you are wondering whether Echinopsis plants thrive in the ground, the answer is yes. But wait, won’t you like to move your plant around? What if its winter and your plant freezes? Potting solves all these issues.

Watering

What season is it?

Summers are hot, and the plants are growing and blooming. What this means is that the sea urchin cactus will enjoy more water when blooming or growing. During winter and fall, the plants are dormant or semi-dormant. They will be better off with little watering to keep them going until the next summer.

The factors affecting the frequency of watering vary from the type of soil used, weather, pot size and design.  To ensure you hit the nail on the head, stick a pencil into your pot and see how much water sticks to its surface. It is always watering time when the pencil surface comes out with little or no water.

The Echinopsis cactus is from the highland mountains of South America. The plants will enjoy more water than they will enjoy a dry pot. Flood the whole container till all the soil is caught up with the water.

Don’t miss your chance to get our ebook on “The Correct Way to Water Succulents” for a full tutorial to taking care of your cacti at home.

All You Need to Know About Echinopsis
They Came from The Highland Mountain @tara_desert

Exposure to Sunlight

Too much of anything is poisonous. Not even the prolonged hot and light-filled days can be spared; they can quickly realize a sunburnt plant.

So, how long should my hedgehog cactus plants be exposed to the sun?

The sun is great for growing plants and the flowering periods. Maximizing on the amount of sunlight that your plant will be enjoying will make them more productive. To evade the sunburns, watch out for discoloration on the surface of the plant. If you notice the same, take action and reduce the exposure to the sun.

Separating Pups From The Mother

One of the funniest experiences of the sea urchin cactus is seeing flowers more prominent than the plant itself.

What About Pups?

Some of the Echinopsis species are generous with pups while some find it hard to yield so many of them. Here are some neatly arranged tips for you to follow when pupping.

  1. Separate the pups only when it is the growing times with temperatures above 21-degree Celsius.
  2. Let the pups grow one inch or more in size before separating them.
  3. Pups with wounds (site for attachment to the mother) will require to heal before replanting. Expose the sores to dry under the sun for 7-10 days — no watering during the healing time.
  4. Plant your pups in the same soil mix as the mother.
  5. When finally in the soil, water generously as the baby pups have little or no roots for water absorption.
All You Need to Know About Echinopsis
Types of Echinopsis Species @kaewcactus

Enjoyed learning about the Echinopsis Cactus? If so, you’ll really enjoy our ebook about “Rare Succulents You Wish You Knew About“. With this ebook you’ll find yourself more detailed answers that’ll help your succulent grow even better! With thousands of succulent lovers enjoying our ebooks, you don’t want to miss out on what works the best to grow your succulents. 

Happy planting! 🌵

All You Need to Know About Echinopsis
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