Aeonium Zwartkop Succulent

The Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’ (Black Rose) are succulent plants formed by waxy leaves in the form of showy rosettes, distributed in stems that can exceed 3 feet in length. They have a very distinctive feature: their dark purple, almost black, color on the foliage. Thanks to this, these succulents are a good option if you want to add a different touch to your garden; their peculiar shape and color will surely make your garden have that distinctive touch that this plant offers.

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Zwartkop Succulent

Are Aeonium indoor plants or outdoor plants?

These are plants that need a lot of light to thrive and maintain their purple color. This need means that they grow best outdoors, where they get plenty of sunlight. However, when these are produced in this way, they must be meticulous when the environment begins to reach shallow temperatures or to the level of freezing. It is also possible to grow them indoors, but this requires specific special care to develop optimally and retain their characteristic dark color.

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Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’ indoors: IG@jcutler90

Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’ indoors

The first thing to consider if you want to grow indoors should be the lighting. This succulent plant must be offered as much bright light as possible since if it does not receive an adequate amount of sunlight per day, its leaves may lose the characteristic dark color of this plant and begin to turn green. To ensure that it will have enough light, we can place it near a window that receives a lot of sunlight.

If the plant in its current place does not receive enough light, it will begin a process of etiolation; that means it will start to lengthen its stems many times searching for more light; This can lead to plant weakness low growth. If this begins to happen, it is best to move the plant around the house to find the point where it best receives light, it may take several attempts, and in case it does not work, you should consider moving the plant outdoors to that can receive the necessary Sun.

Another thing with which we have to be very careful is its irrigation. We cannot overwater our Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’ when growing it. It is best to find a potting mix that has good drainage. Less light & moisture on the soil is harmful to plant which quickly kills it.

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Aeonium Zwartkop Outdoor: IG@plant_obsessed

Aeonium outdoors

When grown outdoors, Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’ can tolerate partial shade, but it is best to provide as much sunlight as possible to maintain its dark pigmentation. Of course, if the plant is exposed to totally direct sunlight, it is best to find a way to acclimatize it not to burn its leaves. To do this acclimatization, we must slowly increase the amount of direct sunlight that the plant receives until it can tolerate higher temperatures or direct Sun.

Heat gain during a heatwave causes damage and burns to Zwartkop. This tends to affect small plants more since mature plants tend to tolerate these cases a little more. To protect your plants during these heatwaves, you can move them to places with a little more shade. Either under a larger plant or by using an umbrella; the point is to offer a more significant amount of shade.

As is usual for succulents, Zwartkop needs dry, well-drained soil; otherwise, our plant may rot. Another piece of advice to reach this level is to use cactus soil. Thus we keep our succulent dry and avoid any excess humidity. We can also use sandy soil to keep our land dry.

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Zwartkop Irrigation


Climate, i.e., season and the area’s humidity decides about Irrigation of Zwartkop.In the summer, during intense heat, it is generally patchable to water this plant every eight days. Therefore providing them with a good measure of water to support it, but not too much to drown it. In colder seasons and climates, one watering every 11 days is more suitable for this succulent.

Located in a more humid place or keep ‘Zwartkop’ indoors, you will not need such constant watering.

If you are in winter with rains, you could easily let them water your plant, and it would be excellent. Aeoniums species are benefited from the rain in these seasons. It tends to grow a lot of it is a drier winter. But with humidity, with a watering every two weeks, the Zwartkop should resist well.

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Aeonium Zwartkop Succulent Watering


The soil should feel completely dry for at least one inch below the plant before it is time to water it again. Doing this check makes it easy to adapt the irrigation frequency that our plant needs according to our soils, temperatures, climate, and humidity. If you are still unsure, you can use implements to help you measure soil moisture and temperature, such as hygrometers or moisture meters.

A good technique when watering is also essential; it is not the same to spray the plant on top than to water it directly underneath; water may not reaches its roots and does not absorb enough if it is spread. Also, if the Sun is intense and the leaves are damp, this can contribute to burning. The best thing to do is water it underneath directly and let all the water soak into the soil.

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Image: Reddit@u/lasada

What tolerance do Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’ have to low temperatures?

When temperatures drop, while ‘Zwartkop’ can tolerate mild frosts and even some sub-zero temperatures, it should not be exposed to these for long. If it is exposed to these temperatures for too long, this can permanently damage your plant. For those with severe winters in icy and humid places, your plant should be protected from frost or freezing temperatures to avoid any severe damage.

The best way to do this is to plant it in a pot and take your plant inside.

Take it out when the cold is not so intense or even in summer. In case it is planted in the ground, you can protect them from the constant frosts and low temperatures. This is with covers or greenhouses that help conserve some heat to your plant.