Aeonium Tabuliforme Propagation, Care & More

Aeonium Tabuliforme is another beautiful plant from the Aeonium family. Its unique appearance, more about which we shall discuss below, has given it the following colloquial names:

  • Flat Topped Aeonium
  • Dinner Plate Plant
  • Saucer Plant
  • Dinner Plate Aeonium

The following is all you need to know about it.

Appearance

Aeonium tabuliforme is a plant with one attractive appearance with its origin in the Canary Islands. Like many other Aeonium plants, it has tiny leaves that form rosettes. Each of these plants has one compact rosette, but unlike most others, the rosette is almost flat, with leaves overlapping neatly. The word ‘tabuliforme’ for its status means table-shaped or flat in Latin since this shape is the plant’s most distinguishing feature.

Aeonium Tabuliforme is short; its height doesn’t go beyond five centimeters. After reaching this maximum height, the circular table begins to form. The circle can grow to up to 18inches (45 cm) in diameter.

Its leaves are lush, with no variegation, and pretty fleshy. The most extended leaves in the rosette can grow to six inches long (15 cm) and a width of 1.6 inches (4 cm). The tabuliforme produces flowers after four years.

The flowers are yellow, and they can grow to 40 cm or 60 cm high. The plant is monocanopic which means that it flowers once and dies. With this in mind, you should plant your propagation schedule accordingly to ensure you have daughter plants that will survive after the mother’s demise.

This plant has a similar appearance to Aeonium Emerald Ice. Make sure to check both species and tell us which one you like more!

aeonium tabuliforme planted outside
Photo by @fado_ca via Instagram

How To Propagate Aeonium Tabuliforme

There are three propagation methods for Aeonium tabuliforme; leaf cuttings, offsets, and seeds. The following is how you propagate each.

Propagation by Leaf Cuttings

Follow the following steps.

  1. Cut a healthy, mature leaf from the plant. The best leaves for propagation are always the ones on the lower side of the plant. Make sure they aren’t dried up with age, as some of the leaves in the rosette are wont to do from time to time.
  2. Allow the leaf to be calloused under a shade for a while, about three or four days.
  3. Put the leaf-cutting in the potting soil. The soil should be suitable for the growth of Aeonium according to the characteristics we shall discuss later.
  4. Keep the soil moist but not too wet as this is the ideal watering condition for the plant.

Please note that this succulent can take some time to root. Be patient; you might have to take care of it for up to a month before rooting occurs.

Propagation by Offsets

Aeonium Tabuliforme, like most other plants in this genus, produces offsets as an evolutionary way of keeping the plant alive after the mother’s short life. Balances form when the mother plant sends roots out into the soil, and other plants develop from the edges of these roots.

You can let the offset grow into an independent plant in the same pot with enough space or move it into a different pot for a new plant. If the mother plant is near its life cycle, you can leave the offset in the pot as a standby replacement.

If you want to move the offset, allow it to grow until it takes the plant form. It is advisable to transplant it just before the table begins to form. Put the baby plant in a pot of moist, well-drained soil and allow it to grow. An offset roots faster than a leaf, and it becomes a plant more quickly since it is already relatively well-formed.

Propagation by Seeds

Buy certified seeds for these succulents. Certified sources assure you more excellent production than any seeds you might produce at home unless you are an expert. Plant the seeds one inch deep in a pot or bed and water gently from time to time. The seeds can take up to a month to germinate, after which little rosettes will start emerging.

Transplant them into their pots and continue with the care routine we shall describe later in this article.

Potting and Repotting

The Aeonium tabuliforme is a succulent, and you, therefore, need to be careful with potting. Use leaf mulch from healthy leaves if you want to improvise and mix it with coarse sand. This will ensure the soil is porous; you can go for the more sure way of buying a commercial cactus mix. The commercial substrate is expertly mixed to make it almost entirely permeable.

The pot you use is another crucial factor in potting. This is a small, slow-growing plant, so you don’t need a big pot, a shallow, wide pot does nicely. However, your pot should allow water to pass through to prevent waterlogging; no matter how porous the soil, you will have a problem with root rot if the pot doesn’t allow the water that passes through the soil out.

Your pot, therefore, should have drainage holes at the bottom. Also, it would help if you used a breathable pot that allows any additional moisture to escape. A breathable pot also allows for aeration of the soil. An unglazed terracotta pot is a type that meets all these requirements, so you should use it as much as possible. However, your plant can do well in a pot made of any material, even if it is not breathable. Drainage holes and porous soil are the two things a pot must have.

Aeonium tabuliforme is a slow-growing plant, and it therefore, doesn’t need to be repotted often due to an increase in size. Repotting is only necessary every few years due to increasing root size, your plant might become root-bound. However, you can repot if you notice the plant gets root-bound earlier than anticipated. You can tell the roots are overgrown if you see some of them protruding in the drainage holes or above the substrate.

Spring is the best season to repot because that’s the season when roots grow, and the plant will get reestablished faster then.

Aeonium Tabuliforme Care

#1. Placement

This is a desert plant that can withstand total exposure to the sun. It is, therefore, possible to grow it comfortably in an outdoor garden if winter temperatures don’t reach frost levels. When you keep them outside, ensure you plant them in a pot. Having them in pots allows you to move them in case of heavy rains or other unfriendly conditions.

You can also keep this plant indoors since it can tolerate shade. However, it would help if you allowed it to get direct or indirect sunlight through the windows.

#2. Temperature and Humidity

You will get the best from this plant in temperatures ranging between 18 and 23oC, between 60 and 75oF. The plant can’t survive temperatures below 10oC (45oF) for a long time. From these temperatures, you can tell Aeonium tabuliforme doesn’t do well in extreme temperatures.

The ideal humidity for this plant is between 30% and 40%. When humidity is too high, it can cause the leaves to rot, and it causes them to curl and dry up.

#3. Care in Winter

This plant is not cold-hardy. You should bring it indoors before the temperature drops below 45oF (10oC). You can keep the plant in a room with temperatures between (60 and 75oF). You don’t need to water it often under these temperatures because evaporation is minimal, and the plant doesn’t spend too much moisture in the season as it is dormant. The soil should be on the dry side this season but with a bit of moisture.

Also, keep the plant in a well-lit room but without direct sunlight. You can use grow lights if sunlight is rare in the season.

#4. Best Soil For Aeonium Tabuliforme

Fertility and drainage are the two primary considerations when determining the type of soil to grow this succulent. The soil should be well-drained because waterlogging is this plant’s biggest enemy. Whether you use commercial potting soil, cactus mix, or succulent mix, you should ensure it drains well by adding some sand or pumice. A cactus mix combined with a juicy blend in equal quantities can help you reach the recommended level of soil drainage.

#5. Watering

The quantity of water is usually not a problem if the soil is well-draining. The plant does best when the ground remains moist constantly but not soggy. You, therefore, need to water the plants at least once weekly in summer and biweekly in winter.

You can tell that you need to water the plant by checking the top of the potting mix; add water when you find it dry. Also, you need to water this plant at the root, not on the leaves, which can be a challenge due to the plant’s shape. If water gets on the rosette, tilt the pot to ensure water flows off to keep the leaves from rotting.

#6. Feeding

Aeonium tabuliforme doesn’t need a lot of feeding, its natural environment is quite rocky, so it is adapted to survive on little. Use soluble succulent fertilizer mixed to quarter strength and feed the plant twice in spring and summer when it grows. Don’t feed it in its dormant months as it tends to grow its roots, which may be a challenge later.

#7. Grooming

The plant’s leaves are naturally orderly, so they don’t require much grooming to look good. Trim the dead leaves that appear towards the base of the plant as often as they arise. This might be a few times every year. Sometimes the stem isn’t strong enough to hold up the plant. The best course of action is to behead the plant in such times. You then allow for another shoot to grow in its place.

#8. Pests

Three pests affect this plant, spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. Check the plant regularly to see if there is an infestation of any of these. An infestation is always easier to manage in its early stages.

If you find a spider mite infestation, spray the plant with water at relatively high pressure to physically dislodge the mites. Ensure the pressure isn’t so high that it destroys the plant. You can also apply mild pesticide soap on the affected leaves to prevent further infestation.

If your plant has a mealybug infestation, remove the infected leaves by hand and then spray the succulents with pesticide soap. You can also use plant-based pesticides, such as those made from neem and pyrethrum, as long as they are oil-based. You use the same plant-based insecticides with an oil base to manage a scale insect infestation, but you scrape off the insect before applying insecticide.

snail traces on aeonium tabuliforme
Photo by @marysanorris via Instagram

Aeonium Tabuliforme Diseases

Achla leafspot is a fungal infection that usually occurs when you keep this plant in humid conditions for too long. To prevent it, limit the humidity to which your plant is exposed. You can manage this by spraying the plant with fungicides, just like in humans and animals. Fungal infections are stubborn.

Keep the disease away by combining antifungal treatment with crop rotation. Corynespora leaf spot has similar characteristics to Achyla leafspot, and the treatment and management regime is the same.

Root rot is a significant challenge for this and other succulents. It occurs due to waterlogging, so you should keep your soil dry. The leaves rot, and your plant cannot absorb water and nutrients. You will notice the yellowing of leaves, and the plant will start to wither. If left unmanaged, it can lead to basal stem rot.

Aeonium tabuliforme can withstand direct sunlight, but too much of it can be damaging. It will suffer leaf scorching if you leave it in the scorching sun, and this will cause the leaves to have brown patches. The cure for this is keeping the plant under shade when the sun is too hot.

Toxicity

This plant isn’t toxic to people or pets; thus, you can keep it around. Some people are allergic to the plant’s sap which causes a rash on the skin. If you have this experience, wash off the sap and apply ordinary on the affected part of the skin. In the future, it may be advisable to use protective gloves when working with this succulent.

Conclusion

The exotic appearance of the plant makes it one of the most exciting plants you can have in your house or succulent or Mediterranean garden. According to the guide we have presented, caring for it will ensure you get the best of this plant.

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Posted in Succulents